factfile.org/10-facts-about-alcatraz-island#:~:text=Facts about Alcatraz Island talk about the island,lighthouse, a federal prison and a military fortification.
- Facts about Alcatraz Island talk about the island situated in San Francisco Bay. From San Francisco California, it is located 2.4 km or 1.5 miles offshore. The island was the home to a military prison, facilities of a lighthouse, a federal prison and a military fortification.
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Sold in 1849 to the U.S. government, Alcatraz was the site of the first lighthouse (1854) on the coast of California. Thereafter other buildings were erected on the island, and the first permanent army detachment was garrisoned there in 1859. In 1861 the island was designated a residence for military offenders.
According to a 1971 documentary on the history of Alcatraz, the island measures 1,675 feet (511 m) by 590 feet (180 m) and is 135 feet (41 m) at highest point during mean tide. The total area of the island is reported to be 22 acres (8.9 ha).
Alcatraz Early Years as a Military Prison. In 1775, Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala (1745-97) mapped and named rugged... Doing Time as a Federal Prison: 1934-63. In 1933, the Army relinquished Alcatraz to the U.S. Justice Department, which... Famous Inmates. Among those who did time at The ...
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- Spanish explorers discovered Alcatraz Island in 1775. They named it La Isla de los Alcatraces, which means “Island of the Pelicans.” Prisoners later called it “The Rock.”
- In 1850, President Millard Fillmore (1800–1874) reserved Alcatraz Island for military use. A fortress was built on it and about 100 cannons were placed around the island to protect San Francisco Bay.
- The largest group of Native Americans imprisoned at Alcatraz was 19 Hopi “hostiles.” They were imprisoned because they refused to farm the way the U.S. government wanted them to.
- The "Escape from Alcatraz Marathon” is held every year to show that it is possible to escape from Alcatraz and live. Created in 1980, it includes a 1.5-mile swim to San Francisco, an 18-mile bike ride, and an 8-mile run.
Facts about Alcatraz Island 9: Juan Manuel de Ayala. In 1775, Juan Manuel de Ayala was the first Spaniard who documented the island. He called the island La Isla de los Alcatraces. The meaning is the Island of the Pelicans. Facts about Alcatraz Island 10: a federal prison. Alcatraz was a home to a federal prison. It was used for 29 years.
- There have never been any confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. This one shocked me! With the popularity of the 1979 movie, Escape from Alcatraz, about a group of three men who used spoons to escape “The Rock,” I’m positive I’m not the only who believed this myth.
- The island was home to prisoners as early as the 1850s. When San Francisco was put on the map during the Gold Rush of the 1840s, Alcatraz was used for military prisoners.
- It is technically possible to swim to shore. In 1962, one inmate managed to squeeze through a window and swim to shore. Unfortunately, he was so tired by the time he reached land, that the police found him lying unconscious at the foot of the Golden Gate Bridge.
- At any given time, there were about 300 civilians living on Alcatraz that included both women and children. The families of the guard staff lived on the island, of course.
- Extreme Punishment. At the best of times, conditions in Alcatraz were not exactly a barrel of laughs, but there was a particularly harsh punishment for prisoners who refused to follow the rules of the prison.
- Battle of Alcatraz. The Battle of Alcatraz, or the “Alcatraz Blastout” as it was also known, took place between May 2nd and 4th, 1946. Six prisoners managed to get hold of weapons and cellhouse keys, but there was a minor hitch in their plans.
- Mysterious Death. There were many stories of paranormal activity in Alcatraz, and one particular incident occurred in Cell 14D. Sometime in the 1940s, a prisoner who was locked in the cell screamed all night that something with glowing eyes was trying to kill him.
- You’ve Gotta Have a Hobby. Stroud was sent to prison for killing a bartender who attacked one of his prostitutes when he was a pimp, and he quickly became known as a violent and dangerous inmate.
- Alcatraz was a military outpost in the 1850s. Described by Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala in 1775, Alcatraz Island is the Americanized name of Isla de los Alcatraces (Island of the Pelicans).
- Alcatraz inmates were forced to build their own prison.
- Life at Alcatraz wasn't always so bad. Known as the “Rock,” Alcatraz developed a reputation for segregating America’s incorrigibles from the rest of the population.
- Odds of escaping Alcatraz were slim. Many know the story of Frank Morris, John Anglin, and Clarence Anglin, who famously attempted to escape the prison island in 1962 using a raft made out of raincoats.
- the home of the exotic animals. Before it was used as a prison, Alcatraz was home to some exotic animals. Most of them are extinct today.
- the first installation of Military. In 1854, the first installation of military was established in Alcatraz. It was to protect the booming of the west.
- the Alcatraz Island. The prison is located in Alcatraz Island. It has the total area of 22 acres. It has the height at 121 feet above the sea elevation.
- the animals. The animals which came to Alcatraz by swimming across the bay include the banana slugs, deer mice and slender salamanders.