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  1. Alcatraz Island | Facts & History | Britannica

    Alcatraz Island, also known as ‘The Rock,’ a rocky island in San Francisco Bay, off the coast of California, in the United States. From 1934 to 1963, a facility on the island served as a federal prison for some of the most dangerous civilian prisoners. Learn more about the history of Alcatraz Island here.

  2. Alcatraz’s gardens are flourishing ... - National Geographic

    Oct 22, 2020 · Welcome to the gardens of Alcatraz. An infamous island. Alcatraz has a long, complex history: A bare rock became a military bastion, a notorious prison, an abandoned oddity, and a site of groundbreaking protest. Even once it came under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service in 1972, the Rock’s future wasn’t set in stone.

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  4. Alcatraz’s gardens are flourishing, against all odds

    Oct 21, 2020 · Alcatraz Island, situated in the mouth of the San Francisco Bay, is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. ( Related: These old prisons are open to visitors. The cell house is ...

  5. Drain Alcatraz uses cutting edge visual effects to 'drain' the waters around the notorious island of Alcatraz. With the waters drained away the secrets of Alcatraz are revealed, including exactly why the island's infamous prison was so inescapable. With no water in the way San Francisco Bay is revealed to be a fascinating and chaotic place. On the dry bay floor we see the scars left by epic ...

  6. The Captivating History of Alcatraz Island: From Military ...

    May 21, 2020 · The Captivating History of Alcatraz Island: From Military Fort to National Historic Landmark. May 18, 2020. By: Javier Fernandez. Overlooking the San Francisco Bay, Alcatraz Island has captured the public’s imagination for generations, often serving as the setting for books and movies.

  7. History & Culture - Alcatraz Island (U.S. National Park Service)

    Feb 12, 2020 · Historic Christmas 1954 menu for the Alcatraz prisoners. Park Archives, GGNRA, NPS The Fascinating History of Alcatraz Island. Alcatraz has a many-layered history: Civil War fortress, military prison, federal prison, bird sanctuary, first lighthouse on the West Coast, and the birthplace of the American Indian Red Power movement: These are just a few of the fascinating stories of the Rock.

  8. 6 Fun Facts: Alcatraz Island History | Loews Regency San ...
    • There have never been any confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. This one shocked me! With the popularity of the 1979 movie, Escape from Alcatraz, about a group of three men who used spoons to escape “The Rock,” I’m positive I’m not the only who believed this myth.
    • The island was home to prisoners as early as the 1850s. When San Francisco was put on the map during the Gold Rush of the 1840s, Alcatraz was used for military prisoners.
    • It is technically possible to swim to shore. In 1962, one inmate managed to squeeze through a window and swim to shore. Unfortunately, he was so tired by the time he reached land, that the police found him lying unconscious at the foot of the Golden Gate Bridge.
    • At any given time, there were about 300 civilians living on Alcatraz that included both women and children. The families of the guard staff lived on the island, of course.
  9. 12 Alcatraz Facts That May Surprise You

    Of those, 23 were captured, six were shot, and two drowned. The other five went missing and were presumed drowned. But before it was a prison, Alcatraz was a military post. According to the National Park Service history of Alcatraz, imprisoned soldiers who went on work assignments to mainland army posts sometimes just walked away.

  10. 10 Things You May Not Know About Alcatraz - HISTORY
    • Al Capone played banjo in the inmate band. The notorious gangster and mob boss was among the first prisoners to occupy the new Alcatraz federal prison in August 1934.
    • There were no confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. A total of 36 inmates put the supposedly “escape-proof” Alcatraz to the test. Of those convicts, 23 were captured, six were shot to death and two drowned.
    • Alcatraz is named for sea birds. Before criminals became its denizens, the windswept island was home to large colonies of brown pelicans. When Spanish Lieutenant Juan Manuel de Ayala became the first known European to sail through the Golden Gate in 1775, he christened the rocky outcrop “La Isla de los Alcatraces,” meaning “Island of the Pelicans.”
    • In spite of his nickname, the “Birdman of Alcatraz” had no birds in the prison. While Robert Stroud was serving a manslaughter sentence for killing a bartender in a brawl, he fatally stabbed a guard at Leavenworth Prison in 1916.
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