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  1. Alcatraz’s gardens are flourishing ... - National Geographic

    www.nationalgeographic.co.uk/history-and...

    Oct 22, 2020 · Welcome to the gardens of Alcatraz. An infamous island. Alcatraz has a long, complex history: A bare rock became a military bastion, a notorious prison, an abandoned oddity, and a site of groundbreaking protest. Even once it came under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service in 1972, the Rock’s future wasn’t set in stone.

  2. Alcatraz’s gardens are flourishing, against all odds

    www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/destinations/...

    Oct 21, 2020 · Alcatraz Island, situated in the mouth of the San Francisco Bay, is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. ( Related: These old prisons are open to visitors. The cell house is ...

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  4. Drain Alcatraz uses cutting edge visual effects to 'drain' the waters around the notorious island of Alcatraz. With the waters drained away the secrets of Alcatraz are revealed, including exactly why the island's infamous prison was so inescapable. With no water in the way San Francisco Bay is revealed to be a fascinating and chaotic place. On the dry bay floor we see the scars left by epic ...

  5. Alcatraz Island | Facts & History | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/place/Alcatraz-Island

    Alcatraz Island, also known as ‘The Rock,’ a rocky island in San Francisco Bay, off the coast of California, in the United States. From 1934 to 1963, a facility on the island served as a federal prison for some of the most dangerous civilian prisoners. Learn more about the history of Alcatraz Island here.

  6. The Captivating History of Alcatraz Island: From Military ...

    www.gsa.gov/about-us/regions/welcome-to-the...

    May 21, 2020 · The Captivating History of Alcatraz Island: From Military Fort to National Historic Landmark. May 18, 2020. By: Javier Fernandez. Overlooking the San Francisco Bay, Alcatraz Island has captured the public’s imagination for generations, often serving as the setting for books and movies.

  7. The legend and haunted history of Alcatraz | History 101

    www.history101.com/the-legend-and-haunted...

    Nov 04, 2020 · Alcatraz Island circa 1895 via Wikipedia Commons Alcatraz was ceded to the United States from Mexico in 1848, and given its strategic location in San Francisco Bay, the government immediately began fortifying the island. Not long after, planners realized the isolated setting would make for a great prison.

  8. History & Culture - Alcatraz Island (U.S. National Park Service)

    www.nps.gov/alca/learn/historyculture/index.htm

    Feb 12, 2020 · Alcatraz has a many-layered history: Civil War fortress, military prison, federal prison, bird sanctuary, first lighthouse on the West Coast, and the birthplace of the American Indian Red Power movement: These are just a few of the fascinating stories of the Rock. Alcatraz Island is a designated National Historic Landmark for its significant contribution to the nation's history.

  9. 40 Interesting Facts about Alcatraz | FactRetriever

    www.factretriever.com/alcatraz-facts
    • Spanish explorers discovered Alcatraz Island in 1775. They named it La Isla de los Alcatraces, which means “Island of the Pelicans.” Prisoners later called it “The Rock.”
    • In 1850, President Millard Fillmore (1800–1874) reserved Alcatraz Island for military use. A fortress was built on it and about 100 cannons were placed around the island to protect San Francisco Bay.
    • The largest group of Native Americans imprisoned at Alcatraz was 19 Hopi “hostiles.” They were imprisoned because they refused to farm the way the U.S. government wanted them to.
    • The "Escape from Alcatraz Marathon” is held every year to show that it is possible to escape from Alcatraz and live. Created in 1980, it includes a 1.5-mile swim to San Francisco, an 18-mile bike ride, and an 8-mile run.
  10. 10 Things You May Not Know About Alcatraz - HISTORY

    www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know...
    • Al Capone played banjo in the inmate band. The notorious gangster and mob boss was among the first prisoners to occupy the new Alcatraz federal prison in August 1934.
    • There were no confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. A total of 36 inmates put the supposedly “escape-proof” Alcatraz to the test. Of those convicts, 23 were captured, six were shot to death and two drowned.
    • Alcatraz is named for sea birds. Before criminals became its denizens, the windswept island was home to large colonies of brown pelicans. When Spanish Lieutenant Juan Manuel de Ayala became the first known European to sail through the Golden Gate in 1775, he christened the rocky outcrop “La Isla de los Alcatraces,” meaning “Island of the Pelicans.”
    • In spite of his nickname, the “Birdman of Alcatraz” had no birds in the prison. While Robert Stroud was serving a manslaughter sentence for killing a bartender in a brawl, he fatally stabbed a guard at Leavenworth Prison in 1916.
  11. Alcatraz - Prison, Location & Al Capone - HISTORY

    www.history.com/topics/crime/alcatraz
    • Early Years as a Military Prison. In 1775, Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala (1745-97) mapped and named rugged Alcatraz Island, christening it La Isla de los Alcatraces, or Island of the Pelicans, due to its large population of sea birds.
    • Doing Time as a Federal Prison: 1934-63. In 1933, the Army relinquished Alcatraz to the U.S. Justice Department, which wanted a federal prison that could house a criminal population too difficult or dangerous to be handled by other U.S. penitentiaries.
    • Famous Inmates. Among those who did time at The Rock was the notorious Prohibition-era gangster Al “Scarface” Capone, who spent four-and-a-half years there during the 1930s.
    • Escape Attempts from Alcatraz. Over the years, there were 14 known attempts to escape from Alcatraz, involving 36 inmates. The Federal Bureau of Prisons reports that of these would-be escapees, 23 were captured, six were shot and killed during their attempted getaways, two drowned and five went missing and were presumed drowned.
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