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  1. Alcatraz’s gardens are flourishing, against all odds

    www.nationalgeographic.com › travel › article

    Oct 21, 2020 · An infamous island. Alcatraz has a long, complex history: A bare rock became a military bastion, a notorious prison, an abandoned oddity, and a site of groundbreaking protest. ... missing animals ...

  2. Alcatraz’s gardens are flourishing ... - National Geographic

    www.nationalgeographic.co.uk › history-and

    Oct 22, 2020 · An infamous island. Alcatraz has a long, complex history: A bare rock became a military bastion, a notorious prison, an abandoned oddity, and a site of groundbreaking protest. Even once it came under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service in 1972, the Rock’s future wasn’t set in stone.

  3. 28 Alcatraz Facts for Kids - Learn About Alcatraz

    www.factsjustforkids.com › engineering-facts
    • Alcatraz was a maximum security United States federal prison located on a 22 acre island.
    • The former Alcatraz federal prison is located on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay, California, USA.
    • The GPS coordinates to the Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary are 37°49'36"N 122°25'24"W.
    • Alcatraz prison and Alcatraz Island are now a popular tourist destination.
  4. Alcatraz Island | Facts & History | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › place › Alcatraz-Island

    Alcatraz Island, also known as ‘The Rock,’ a rocky island in San Francisco Bay, off the coast of California, in the United States. From 1934 to 1963, a facility on the island served as a federal prison for some of the most dangerous civilian prisoners. Learn more about the history of Alcatraz Island here.

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  6. Feb 12, 2020 · Alcatraz has a many-layered history: Civil War fortress, military prison, federal prison, bird sanctuary, first lighthouse on the West Coast, and the birthplace of the American Indian Red Power movement: These are just a few of the fascinating stories of the Rock. Alcatraz Island is a designated National Historic Landmarkfor its significant contribution to the nation's history.

  7. Alcatraz Facts for Kids - American History For Kids

    www.americanhistoryforkids.com › alcatraz

    Alcatraz has been closed since 1963, but it’s still well-known as America’s strongest (and scariest) prison. Fun Facts. Alcatraz Fort was built on Alcatraz Island, 1.25 miles off the coast of San Francisco in the 1850s. It was used as a military fort until 1910 when it was refurbished and became a U.S. Army military prison.

  8. Alcatraz Island - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Alcatraz_Island

    The powerhouse area. A steep embankment where native grassland and creeping wild rye support a habitat for deer mice. Tide pools. One of the only complexes in the San Francisco Bay, the island's tide pools were created by quarrying activities, and contain a variety of typical invertebrate species.

  9. 10 Things You May Not Know About Alcatraz - HISTORY

    www.history.com › news › 10-things-you-may-not-know
    • Al Capone played banjo in the inmate band. The notorious gangster and mob boss was among the first prisoners to occupy the new Alcatraz federal prison in August 1934.
    • There were no confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. A total of 36 inmates put the supposedly “escape-proof” Alcatraz to the test. Of those convicts, 23 were captured, six were shot to death and two drowned.
    • Alcatraz is named for sea birds. Before criminals became its denizens, the windswept island was home to large colonies of brown pelicans. When Spanish Lieutenant Juan Manuel de Ayala became the first known European to sail through the Golden Gate in 1775, he christened the rocky outcrop “La Isla de los Alcatraces,” meaning “Island of the Pelicans.”
    • In spite of his nickname, the “Birdman of Alcatraz” had no birds in the prison. While Robert Stroud was serving a manslaughter sentence for killing a bartender in a brawl, he fatally stabbed a guard at Leavenworth Prison in 1916.
  10. The History of Alcatraz | Factual Facts

    factualfacts.com › alcatraz-history

    The Island of Alcatraz was inhabited by the indigenous people who arrived there 10,000-20,000 years ago. The first known inhabitants of the island were the people of the Miwok and Ohlone tribes who lived around the coastal areas between Point Sur and the San Francisco Bay. How these people used the island is difficult to document as most of the oral histories of these tribes were lost. It is ...

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