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    related to: alcatraz island history and facts national geographic kids books
  1. Alcatraz’s gardens are flourishing, against all odds

    Oct 21, 2020 · Alcatraz has a long, complex history: A bare rock became a military bastion, a notorious prison, an abandoned oddity, and a site of groundbreaking protest. Even once it came under the jurisdiction...

  2. 10 Things You May Not Know About Alcatraz - HISTORY
    • Al Capone played banjo in the inmate band. The notorious gangster and mob boss was among the first prisoners to occupy the new Alcatraz federal prison in August 1934.
    • There were no confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. A total of 36 inmates put the supposedly “escape-proof” Alcatraz to the test. Of those convicts, 23 were captured, six were shot to death and two drowned.
    • Alcatraz is named for sea birds. Before criminals became its denizens, the windswept island was home to large colonies of brown pelicans. When Spanish Lieutenant Juan Manuel de Ayala became the first known European to sail through the Golden Gate in 1775, he christened the rocky outcrop “La Isla de los Alcatraces,” meaning “Island of the Pelicans.”
    • In spite of his nickname, the “Birdman of Alcatraz” had no birds in the prison. While Robert Stroud was serving a manslaughter sentence for killing a bartender in a brawl, he fatally stabbed a guard at Leavenworth Prison in 1916.
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  4. A History of Alcatraz Island: 1853-2008 - Google Books

    Alcatraz served as a pivotal military position until the early 20th century and in 1934 was converted into a federal penitentiary to house some of America's most incorrigible prisoners. The...

  5. Alcatraz Island | Facts & History | Britannica

    Alcatraz Island, byname The Rock, rocky island in San Francisco Bay, California, U.S. The island occupies an area of 22 acres (9 hectares) and is located 1.5 miles (2 km) offshore.

  6. Alcatraz: A Definitive History of the ...

    Alcatraz: A Definitive History of the Penitentiary Years - Kindle edition by Esslinger, Michael. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Alcatraz: A Definitive History of the Penitentiary Years.

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  7. History & Culture - Alcatraz Island (U.S. National Park Service)

    Feb 12, 2020 · Historic Christmas 1954 menu for the Alcatraz prisoners. Park Archives, GGNRA, NPS The Fascinating History of Alcatraz Island. Alcatraz has a many-layered history: Civil War fortress, military prison, federal prison, bird sanctuary, first lighthouse on the West Coast, and the birthplace of the American Indian Red Power movement: These are just a few of the fascinating stories of the Rock.

  8. 6 Fun Facts: Alcatraz Island History | Loews Regency San ...
    • There have never been any confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. This one shocked me! With the popularity of the 1979 movie, Escape from Alcatraz, about a group of three men who used spoons to escape “The Rock,” I’m positive I’m not the only who believed this myth.
    • The island was home to prisoners as early as the 1850s. When San Francisco was put on the map during the Gold Rush of the 1840s, Alcatraz was used for military prisoners.
    • It is technically possible to swim to shore. In 1962, one inmate managed to squeeze through a window and swim to shore. Unfortunately, he was so tired by the time he reached land, that the police found him lying unconscious at the foot of the Golden Gate Bridge.
    • At any given time, there were about 300 civilians living on Alcatraz that included both women and children. The families of the guard staff lived on the island, of course.
  9. Alcatraz Island Facts for Kids |

    A movie called "Escape from Alcatraz" was made about one of the attempted escapes. The prison island is about 1.5 miles away from land, but some prisoners were still able to make the ocean swim, only to be caught later. The name Alcatraz comes from the original Spanish name of the island, Isla de los alcatraces (Island of the pelicans). It was ...

  10. Alcatraz - Prison, Location & Al Capone - HISTORY

    In 1775, Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala (1745-97) mapped and named rugged Alcatraz Island, christening it La Isla de los Alcatraces, or Island of the Pelicans, due to its large population of...

  11. 12 Alcatraz Facts That May Surprise You

    Alcatraz was the "supermax" federal prison of its day, a far cry from its modern, heavily fortified equivalent in Florence, Colorado with motion detectors and cameras, 1,400 remote-controlled steel doors, pressure pads, and twelve-foot-tall razor wire fences. TripSavvy / Ellen Lindner

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