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  1. Alcatraz’s gardens are flourishing, against all odds

    www.nationalgeographic.com › travel › article

    Oct 21, 2020 · Alcatraz served as a military prison beginning in the 1860s, but it gained infamy as a maximum security penitentiary under the Federal Bureau of Prisons from 1934 until 1963. Although the cold...

  2. Alcatraz’s gardens are flourishing ... - National Geographic

    www.nationalgeographic.co.uk › history-and

    Oct 22, 2020 · Alcatraz served as a military prison beginning in the 1860s, but it gained infamy as a maximum security penitentiary under the Federal Bureau of Prisons from 1934 until 1963. Although the cold waters and strong currents discouraged escape, more than a dozen (unsuccessful) attempts were made. Photograph by by Paul Rovere, Getty Images

  3. Alcatraz Facts for Kids - American History For Kids

    www.americanhistoryforkids.com › alcatraz

    Alcatraz has been closed since 1963, but it’s still well-known as America’s strongest (and scariest) prison. Fun Facts. Alcatraz Fort was built on Alcatraz Island, 1.25 miles off the coast of San Francisco in the 1850s. It was used as a military fort until 1910 when it was refurbished and became a U.S. Army military prison.

  4. 28 Alcatraz Facts for Kids - Learn About Alcatraz

    www.factsjustforkids.com › engineering-facts
    • Alcatraz was a maximum security United States federal prison located on a 22 acre island.
    • The former Alcatraz federal prison is located on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay, California, USA.
    • The GPS coordinates to the Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary are 37°49'36"N 122°25'24"W.
    • Alcatraz prison and Alcatraz Island are now a popular tourist destination.
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  6. Alcatraz Island | Facts & History | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › place › Alcatraz-Island

    Sold in 1849 to the U.S. government, Alcatraz was the site of the first lighthouse (1854) on the coast of California. Thereafter other buildings were erected on the island, and the first permanent army detachment was garrisoned there in 1859. In 1861 the island was designated a residence for military offenders.

  7. Feb 12, 2020 · Alcatraz has a many-layered history: Civil War fortress, military prison, federal prison, bird sanctuary, first lighthouse on the West Coast, and the birthplace of the American Indian Red Power movement: These are just a few of the fascinating stories of the Rock. Alcatraz Island is a designated National Historic Landmarkfor its significant contribution to the nation's history.

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