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  1. Maps - Alcatraz Island (U.S. National Park Service)

    home.nps.gov › alca › planyourvisit

    Mar 15, 2021 · Alcatraz Island Map. This is a general map of the island showing various structures. For your safety, please listen to the announcements at the dock, since various areas of the island are closed to the public depending on the season. Open the PDF of the Island map by clicking here.

  2. Alcatraz Island | Facts & History | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › place › Alcatraz-Island

    Alcatraz Island, also known as ‘The Rock,’ a rocky island in San Francisco Bay, off the coast of California, in the United States. From 1934 to 1963, a facility on the island served as a federal prison for some of the most dangerous civilian prisoners. Learn more about the history of Alcatraz Island here.

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  4. Alcatraz Island - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Alcatraz_Island
    • History
    • Post-Prison Years
    • Landmarks
    • Development
    • Art
    • Fauna and Flora
    • in Popular Culture
    • Gallery
    • See Also
    • Further Reading

    The first European to document the islands of San Francisco Bay was Spanish naval officer and explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala during Spanish rule of California, who charted San Francisco Bay in 1775. He named today's Yerba Buena Island "La Isla de los Alcatraces", which translates as "The Island of the Gannets" but is commonly believed to translate as "The Island of the Pelicans (Spanish for Pelicans is Pelícanos)", from the archaic Spanish alcatraz ("pelican"). Yerba Buena Island's name appeared on Ayala's 1775 chart of San Francisco Bay as "Isla de Alcatraces", but was later transferred to the rock now known as Alcatraz Island by Captain Beechey, an English naval officer and explorer. Over the years, the Spanish version "Alcatraz" became popular and is now widely used. In August 1827, French Captain Auguste Bernard Duhaut-Cilly wrote "... running past Alcatraze's (Pelicans) Island ... covered with a countless number of these birds. A gun fired over the feathered legions caused them...

    Closing of the prison

    There are several reasons that Alcatraz closed as a penitentiary in 1963: The penitentiary cost much more to operate than other prisons (nearly $10 per prisoner per day, as opposed to $3 per prisoner per day at Atlanta); half a century of salt water saturation had severely eroded the buildings; and three people had escaped in 1962. After its closure, George Mosconereceived public proposals to repurpose Alcatraz Island.

    Native American occupation

    Alcatraz Island was occupied by Native American activists for the first time on March 8, 1964. The protest, proposed by Sioux activist Belva Cottier and joined by about 35 others, lasted four hours and was reported by, among others, the San Francisco Chronicle and the San Francisco Examiner. Beginning on November 20, 1969, a group of Native Americans called United Indians of All Tribes, mostly college students from San Francisco, occupied the island to protest federal policies related to Amer...

    Part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area since 1972, the entire Alcatraz Island was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, and was further declared a National Historic Landmark in 1986. In 1993, the National Park Service published a plan entitled Alcatraz Development Concept and Environmental Assessment.This plan, approved in 1980, doubled the amount of Alcatraz accessible to the public to enable visitors to enjoy its scenery and bird, marine, and animal life. 1. Barker Beach 2. Boat Dock 3. Building 64 4. Citadel 5. Dining Hall 6. Former Military Chapel (Bachelor Quarters) 7. Helipad (FAA LID: CA27) 8. Library 9. Lighthouse 10. Main Cellhouse 11. Model Industries Building 12. Morgue 13. New Industries Building 14. Officers' Club 15. Parade Grounds 16. Power House 17. Recreation Yard 18. Wardens House 19. Water Tower

    Today[when?], American Indigenous groups, such as the International Indian Treaty Council, hold ceremonies on the island, most notably, their "Sunrise Gatherings" every Columbus Day and Thanksgiving Day.[citation needed] Around 2007, the Global Peace Foundation proposed to raze the prison and build a peace center in its place. Supporters collected 10,350 signatures that placed it on the presidential primary ballots in San Francisco for February 5, 2008. The proposed plan was estimated at $1 billion. For the plan to pass, Congress would have to have taken Alcatraz out of the National Park Service. Critics of the plan said that Alcatraz is too rich in history to be destroyed.On February 6, 2008, the Alcatraz Island Global Peace Center Proposition C failed to pass, with 72% of voters rejecting the proposition. The coastal environment of the San Francisco Bay Area has caused deterioration and corrosion of building materials throughout Alcatraz. Beginning in 2011, the National Park Servi...

    Alcatraz has been home to several art installations. In 2014, Chinese artist/dissident Ai Weiwei staged an exhibition which explored "questions about human rights and freedom of expression" called @Large. This exhibition included Lego portraits of famous political prisoners. The creation of the exhibition was featured in a 2019 documentary film, Yours Truly. In 2016, Nelson Saiers used mathand prison slang as central elements in a six-month installation that called attention to the imposition of long prison sentences.

    Habitat

    1. Cisterns. A bluff that, because of its moist crevices, is believed to be an important site for California slender salamanders. 2. Cliff tops at the island's north end. Containing a onetime manufacturing building and a plaza, the area is listed as important to nesting and roosting birds. 3. The powerhouse area. A steep embankment where native grassland and creeping wild rye support a habitat for deer mice. 4. Tide pools. One of the only complexes in the San Francisco Bay, the island's tide...

    Flora

    Gardens planted by families of the original Army post, and later by families of the prison guards, fell into neglect after the prison closure in 1963. After 40 years, they are being restored by a paid staff member and many volunteers, thanks to funding by the Garden Conservancy and the Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy. The untended gardens had become severely overgrown and had developed into a nesting habitat and sanctuary for numerous birds. Now, areas of bird habitat are being preserv...

    Alcatraz Island appears often in media and popular culture, including films dating from 1962: The Book of Eli (2010), X-Men: The Last Stand (2006), Catch Me If You Can (2002), The Rock (1996), Murder in the First (1995), Escape from Alcatraz (1979), The Enforcer (1976), Point Blank (1967) , Birdman of Alcatraz (1962) and J. J. Abrams' 2012 television series Alcatraz. It also was featured in the Yu-Gi-Oh! Duel Monsters anime, in the book Al Capone Does My Shirts, in the video game Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 4 as a playable level. It is also showcased as a playable racetrack in the 1997 arcade racing video game San Francisco Rush the Rock - Alcatraz Edition. Alcatraz has also been portrayed often as a safe haven or base of operations in many post-apocalyptic movies, such as The Book of Eli. Alcatraz was featured in the video game Call of Duty: Black Ops II in a downloadable zombie survival map called "Mob of the Dead" in which players could explore the Main Cellhouse, the Boat Dock, and a...

    A panorama of Alcatraz as viewed from San Francisco Bay, facing east. Sather Tower and UC Berkeleyare visible in the background on the right. (Drag image left and right to show full panorama.)
    Different view of the Water Tower built in 1940.
    Alcatraz Utility House and Power Plant Chimney, built in 1939.
    School House (two story building in the middle) and the Electric Repair shop(foreground) built in 1930s.
    Erwin N. Thompson. "The Rock: A history of Alcatraz Island, 1847–1972" (PDF). National Park Service. United States Department of Interior.
    The Rock (1915). "A Brief History of the Island of Alcatraz (continued in multiple issues)". The Rock. Improvement Fund, Pacific Branch United States Disciplinary Barracks, Alcatraz, California. 1(...
    • 1934; 87 years ago
    • San Francisco, California
  5. A complete history of Alcatraz Island - Curbed SF

    sf.curbed.com › 2019/11/20 › 20973853
    • Land to The Ohlone
    • Military Takeover and Prison Years
    • The Occupation
    Before Europeans first set their eyes on it, thousands of Ohlone lived in and around the places now called the Bay Area. According to historians with the National Park Service, many used Alcatraz a...
    In 1775, Spanish naval officer Juan Manuel de Ayala sailed into the bay. He didn’t stay long, but while here he conferred the name “Alcatraces” on the island—possibly a reference to the native peli...
    After California joined the union in 1850, the U.S. military saw Alcatraz as a useful defense resource. In 1859, the Army finished construction of a fortress there, installing more than 100 cannons...
    The Army began using Alcatraz as a military prison almost right away in 1860, serving as a place of punishment for unruly soldiers. But the site also served to incarcerate civilians, including many...
    With the fortifications increasingly outdated, the facility converted to prison use full-time in 1907. The Army demolished the fortress in favor of a new prison building under the unimaginative and...
    In 1933, the Army handed the facility over to the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). With the rise of high-profile celebrity criminals over the past decade, the U.S. government wanted to use Alcatraz...
    On November 20, 1969, 78 activists—among them actor Benjamin Bratt, when he was only five years old—settled on the abandoned penitentiary and issued a message to the federal government: “We invite...
    The island’s new inhabitants, dubbed “Indians of All Tribes,” offered to purchase it for the sum of $24, to be paid “in glass beads and red cloth, a precedent set by the white man’s purchase of a s...
    Richard Oakes, one of the leaders of the movement, proclaimed “Alcatraz is not an island; it’s an idea.” The hope of establishing a permanent tribal settlement hinged on the concept that those arri...
    By December, the All Tribes group invited each “American Indian nation, tribe or band from throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico” to meet together on Alcatraz Island to help organize wha...
  6. Now And Then: Alcatraz Island - Golden Gate National ...

    www.nps.gov › now-and-then-alcatraz

    Jan 10, 2018 · Ghost of the Golden Gate: Alcatraz Island. To those that only know the Hollywood version, the rich history of Alcatraz is surprising. Civil War fortress, infamous federal prison, bird sanctuary, first lighthouse on the West Coast, and the birthplace of the American Indian Red Power movement are just a few of the fascinating stories of the Rock.

  7. 6 Fun Facts: Alcatraz Island History | Loews Regency San ...

    www.loewshotels.com › blog › alcatraz-island-history
    • There have never been any confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. This one shocked me! With the popularity of the 1979 movie, Escape from Alcatraz, about a group of three men who used spoons to escape “The Rock,” I’m positive I’m not the only who believed this myth.
    • The island was home to prisoners as early as the 1850s. When San Francisco was put on the map during the Gold Rush of the 1840s, Alcatraz was used for military prisoners.
    • It is technically possible to swim to shore. In 1962, one inmate managed to squeeze through a window and swim to shore. Unfortunately, he was so tired by the time he reached land, that the police found him lying unconscious at the foot of the Golden Gate Bridge.
    • At any given time, there were about 300 civilians living on Alcatraz that included both women and children. The families of the guard staff lived on the island, of course.
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