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  1. 10 Things You May Not Know About Alcatraz - HISTORY

    www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know...
    • Al Capone played banjo in the inmate band. The notorious gangster and mob boss was among the first prisoners to occupy the new Alcatraz federal prison in August 1934.
    • There were no confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. A total of 36 inmates put the supposedly “escape-proof” Alcatraz to the test. Of those convicts, 23 were captured, six were shot to death and two drowned.
    • Alcatraz is named for sea birds. Before criminals became its denizens, the windswept island was home to large colonies of brown pelicans. When Spanish Lieutenant Juan Manuel de Ayala became the first known European to sail through the Golden Gate in 1775, he christened the rocky outcrop “La Isla de los Alcatraces,” meaning “Island of the Pelicans.”
    • In spite of his nickname, the “Birdman of Alcatraz” had no birds in the prison. While Robert Stroud was serving a manslaughter sentence for killing a bartender in a brawl, he fatally stabbed a guard at Leavenworth Prison in 1916.
  2. Alcatraz Island | Facts & History | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/place/Alcatraz-Island

    Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. The island had little vegetation and was a seabird habitat when it was explored in 1775 by Lieutenant Juan Manuel de Ayala, who named it Isla de los Alcatraces (“Isle of the Pelicans”).

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  4. History & Culture - Alcatraz Island (U.S. National Park Service)

    www.nps.gov/alca/learn/historyculture/index.htm

    Feb 12, 2020 · Alcatraz Island is a designated National Historic Landmark for its significant contribution to the nation's history. The following links provide excellent sources for students as well as for those planning a visit and wanting to know more.

    • Alcatraz Island Golden Gate National Recreation Area B201 Fort Mason, San Francisco, 94123
  5. 6 Fun Facts: Alcatraz Island History | Loews Regency San ...

    www.loewshotels.com/blog/alcatraz-island-history
    • There have never been any confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. This one shocked me! With the popularity of the 1979 movie, Escape from Alcatraz, about a group of three men who used spoons to escape “The Rock,” I’m positive I’m not the only who believed this myth.
    • The island was home to prisoners as early as the 1850s. When San Francisco was put on the map during the Gold Rush of the 1840s, Alcatraz was used for military prisoners.
    • It is technically possible to swim to shore. In 1962, one inmate managed to squeeze through a window and swim to shore. Unfortunately, he was so tired by the time he reached land, that the police found him lying unconscious at the foot of the Golden Gate Bridge.
    • At any given time, there were about 300 civilians living on Alcatraz that included both women and children. The families of the guard staff lived on the island, of course.
  6. 40 Interesting Facts about Alcatraz | FactRetriever

    www.factretriever.com/alcatraz-facts
    • Spanish explorers discovered Alcatraz Island in 1775. They named it La Isla de los Alcatraces, which means “Island of the Pelicans.” Prisoners later called it “The Rock.”
    • In 1850, President Millard Fillmore (1800–1874) reserved Alcatraz Island for military use. A fortress was built on it and about 100 cannons were placed around the island to protect San Francisco Bay.
    • The largest group of Native Americans imprisoned at Alcatraz was 19 Hopi “hostiles.” They were imprisoned because they refused to farm the way the U.S. government wanted them to.
    • The "Escape from Alcatraz Marathon” is held every year to show that it is possible to escape from Alcatraz and live. Created in 1980, it includes a 1.5-mile swim to San Francisco, an 18-mile bike ride, and an 8-mile run.
  7. The History of Alcatraz | Factual Facts

    factualfacts.com/alcatraz-history

    The History of Alcatraz The Island of Alcatraz was inhabited by the indigenous people who arrived there 10,000-20,000 years ago. The first known inhabitants of the island were the people of the Miwok and Ohlone tribes who lived around the coastal areas between Point Sur and the San Francisco Bay.

  8. 12 Alcatraz Facts That May Surprise You

    www.tripsavvy.com/facts-about-alcatraz-1479033

    People have all kinds of ideas about Alcatraz Island and its prison. Many of them are wrong. These are a few of the most interesting (and true) facts about "The Rock." Cells were smaller than a closet: In B & C blocks, the cells were 5 feet by 9 feet, with a sleeping cot, a toilet, and a small sink (cold running only).

  9. 10 Facts About Alcatraz | Mental Floss

    www.mentalfloss.com/article/558566/alcatraz-facts
    • Alcatraz was a military outpost in the 1850s. Described by Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala in 1775, Alcatraz Island is the Americanized name of Isla de los Alcatraces (Island of the Pelicans).
    • Alcatraz inmates were forced to build their own prison.
    • Life at Alcatraz wasn't always so bad. Known as the “Rock,” Alcatraz developed a reputation for segregating America’s incorrigibles from the rest of the population.
    • Odds of escaping Alcatraz were slim. Many know the story of Frank Morris, John Anglin, and Clarence Anglin, who famously attempted to escape the prison island in 1962 using a raft made out of raincoats.
  10. Mar 02, 2017 · Here are 25 interesting Alcatraz facts. 1-5 Alcatraz Facts 1. While John and Clarence Anglin, 2 of the 3 men who ever escaped from Alcatraz, were officially reported to have drowned in the bay, their mother received flowers anonymously every Mother’s Day until she died, and two very tall unknown women were reported to have attended her funeral.

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