- Alcatraz Island facts for kids. Kids Encyclopedia Facts. Satellite view of Alcatraz Island. Alcatraz Island (sometimes just called Alcatraz or The Rock) is a small island in San Francisco Bay in California. It was first a lighthouse, then a military fort, then a military prison, and finally a federal prison.
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- Alcatraz was a maximum security United States federal prison located on a 22 acre island.
- The former Alcatraz federal prison is located on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay, California, USA.
- The GPS coordinates to the Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary are 37°49'36"N 122°25'24"W.
- Alcatraz prison and Alcatraz Island are now a popular tourist destination.
Alcatraz Prison History Facts for Kids. Alcatraz Prison History Fact 18: The notorious, high security penitentiary would be in operation for the next 29 years and Alcatraz Prison would be the destination of many murderers, gangsters and bank robbers. Alcatraz Prison History Fact 19: Alcatraz Prison consisted of four cellblocks. The two ...
Alcatraz Becomes a Federal Prison. The Army surrendered military control of the prison in 1933, and the US Justice Department decided to house prisoners here that were seen as too dangerous for ...
Alcatraz was the site of the first lighthouse on the Pacific Coast. It was built and activated in 1854 but in 1909 was replaced by a taller lighthouse. Alcatraz operated as a federal prison for 29 years. During Alcatraz's 29 years as a federal prison there were 14 escape attempts by 36 prisoners. Six prisoners were shot dead. Two drowned.
- Spanish explorers discovered Alcatraz Island in 1775. They named it La Isla de los Alcatraces, which means “Island of the Pelicans.” Prisoners later called it “The Rock.”
- In 1850, President Millard Fillmore (1800–1874) reserved Alcatraz Island for military use. A fortress was built on it and about 100 cannons were placed around the island to protect San Francisco Bay.
- The largest group of Native Americans imprisoned at Alcatraz was 19 Hopi “hostiles.” They were imprisoned because they refused to farm the way the U.S. government wanted them to.
- The "Escape from Alcatraz Marathon” is held every year to show that it is possible to escape from Alcatraz and live. Created in 1980, it includes a 1.5-mile swim to San Francisco, an 18-mile bike ride, and an 8-mile run.
- the home of the exotic animals. Before it was used as a prison, Alcatraz was home to some exotic animals. Most of them are extinct today.
- the first installation of Military. In 1854, the first installation of military was established in Alcatraz. It was to protect the booming of the west.
- the Alcatraz Island. The prison is located in Alcatraz Island. It has the total area of 22 acres. It has the height at 121 feet above the sea elevation.
- the animals. The animals which came to Alcatraz by swimming across the bay include the banana slugs, deer mice and slender salamanders.
Nov 15, 2020 · Learn Alcatraz Island facts for kids. Alcatraz Island (sometimes just called Alcatraz or The Rock) is a small island in San Francisco Bay in California.It was first a lighthouse, then a military fort, then a military prison, and finally a federal prison.
Families lived on Alcatraz during its prison years: The guards and officers lived on the island with their spouses and children. There's even an Alumni Association for folks who grew up there. Prisoners actually did escape from Alcatraz: While it was a prison, 36 tried to get away. Of those, 23 were captured, six were shot, and two drowned.