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      • Facts about Alexander Fleming 1: life span. Alexander Fleming was born on 6 august 1881 at Lochfield farm near Darvel , in Ayrshire, Scotland and passed away on 11 March 1955. Let’s find out the parents of Alexander Fleming. His father was Hug Fleming who lived in 1816 till 1888. He was only a farmer.
  1. Sir Alexander Fleming The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1945 Born: 6 August 1881, Lochfield, Scotland Died: 11 March 1955, London, United Kingdom Affiliation at the time of the award: London University, London, United Kingdom

  2. Awards and legacy Fleming, Florey and Chain jointly received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1945. According to the rules of the Nobel... Fleming was a member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. Fleming was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1943. Fleming was awarded the Hunterian ...

  3. 10 Facts about Alexander Fleming. Facts about Alexander Fleming 1: life span. Alexander Fleming was born on 6 august 1881 at Lochfield farm near Darvel, in Ayrshire, Scotland and ... Facts about Alexander Fleming 3: the famous discoveries. Facts about Alexander Fleming 5: education. Facts about ...

    • He discovered penicillin by accident. Penicillin was a mold, which accidentally turned a fascinating discovery. Fleming discovered a mold that was in the form of a juice, that formed on a petri dish that had Staphylococcus culture in which he had been placed on a window.
    • He served in World War 1. Sir Alexander Fleming served as a captain in the Army Medical Corps; he was mentioned in dispatches and returned to St Mary’s in 1918, where he had been a lecturer.
    • He received adequate education in his twenties. Sir Alexander Fleming was born into a peasant family and could not afford to go to school. He worked at a shipping office in London where he moved to when he was 13; as he attended the Royal Polytechnic Institution since he could not afford to go to a private university.
    • His discoveries were not taken seriously. When he discovered Penicillin, Sir Fleming’s work was ignored by everyone, mostly because they did not yield positive results when tried.
    • The Road to St. Mary’s
    • Approaches to Fighting Infectious Disease
    • Penicillin Discovered—By Accident

    Born in Lochfield, Ayrshire, Scotland, Fleming was the seventh of eight surviving children in a farm family. His father died when he was seven years old, leaving his mother to manage the farm with her eldest stepson. Fleming, having acquired a good basic education in local schools, followed a stepbrother, already a practicing physician, to London when he was 13. He spent his teenaged years attending classes at Regent Street Polytechnic, working as a shipping clerk, and serving briefly in the army during the Boer War (1899–1902), although he did not see combat. Then in 1901 he won a scholarship to St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in Paddington, London, which remained his professional home for the rest of his life.

    Fleming accepted a post as a medical bacteriologist at St. Mary’s after completing his studies, and in 1906 he joined the staff of the Inoculation Department under the direction of Sir Almroth Wright. Wright strongly believed in strengthening the body’s own immune system through vaccine therapy, not by chemotherapy—the introduction of external chemical agents (see Paul Ehrlich). Nonetheless, he turned over to Fleming samples of a new drug, Salvarsan, synthesized by Paul Ehrlich and colleagues for treating syphilis. Fleming’s experience administering the drug to patients was positive, and thereafter he maintained a small but lucrative practice administering Salvarsan to wealthy patients suffering from syphilis. During World War I, Fleming worked at a special wound-research laboratory in Boulogne, France, headed by Wright. There he began research that produced results more in keeping with Wright’s thinking. He was able to demonstrate that then commonly used chemical antiseptics like c...

    Fleming’s legendary discovery of penicillin occurred in 1928, while he was investigating staphylococcus, a common type of bacteria that causes boils and can also cause disastrous infections in patients with weakened immune systems. Before Fleming left for a two-week vacation, a petri dish containing a staphylococcus culture was left on a lab bench and never placed in the incubator as intended. Somehow, in preparing the culture, a Penicilliummold spore had been accidentally introduced into the medium—perhaps coming in through a window, or more likely floating up a stairwell from the lab below where various molds were being cultured. The temperature conditions that prevailed during Fleming’s absence permitted both the bacteria and the mold spores to grow; had the incubator been used, only the bacteria could have grown. Fleming’s laboratory notebooks are sketchy, and his subsequent accounts of the discovery are contradictory. The evidence of the first culture, which he photographed, in...

  4. Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, but never tried to make an antibiotic out of it. It was not until a decade later that a man named Howard Florey found Fleming's little-known paper and realized the mold's potential. Florey's work is estimated to have saved up to 200,000,000 lives.

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