Jun 19, 2017 · World War II: Pomerania overrun. Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, and the secret Molotov-Ribbentrop pact included schemes of forced resettlement of populations on a vast scale. Evacuation camps were built in Stettin and Swinemünde.34 Pomerania seems to have been the first area of Nazi Germany to start the deportation ...
In the summer of the same year they fought a defensive battle in Estonia in the region of Dorpat, and in February 1945 were directed to Western Pomerania, where until the last days of the war they put up a stubborn resistance to the armies of Stalin.
- Creation and Administration of The Province Within The Kingdom of Prussia
- World War I
- Province of The Free State of Prussia
- Nazi Era
- See Also
- Administrative Subdivisions
- World War II and Aftermath
Although there had been a Prussian Province of Pomerania before, the Province of Pomerania was newly constituted in 1815, based on the "decree concerning improved establishment of provincial offices" (German: Verordnung wegen verbesserter Einrichtung der Provinzialbehörden), issued by Karl August von Hardenberg on 30 April, and the integration of Swedish Pomerania, handed over to Prussia on 23 October. The Hardenberg decree reformed all Prussian territories, which henceforth formed ten (later eight) provinces with similar administrations. After the implementation of the reform, the new Province of Pomerania consisted basically of its predecessor and Swedish Pomerania, but also of the Dramburg and Schivelbeincounties. The province was headed by a governor (Oberpräsident, literally "senior president") with his seat in the capital, Stettin. It was subdivided into government regions (Regierungsbezirke) headed by a president (Regierungspräsident). Initially, two such regions were planned...
During the First World War, no battles took place in the province. Nevertheless, the war had an impact on society, economy, and administration. During the war, the provincial administrative institutions were subordinate to the military and headed by military officials. Mobilization resulted in work force shortage affecting all non-war-related industry, construction, and agriculture. Women, minors and POWspartially replaced the drafted men. Import and fishing declined when the ports were blocked. With the war going on, food shortages occurred, especially in the winter of 1916/17. Also coal, gas, and electricity were at times unavailable. When the Treaty of Versailles entered into force on January 10, 1920, the province's eastern frontier became the border to the newly created Second Polish Republic, comprising most of Pomerelia in the so-called Polish Corridor. Minor border adjustments followed, where 9,5 km2 of the province became Polish and 74 km2 of former West Prussia (parts of t...
After the Kaiser was forced to resign, the province became part of the Free State of Prussia within the Weimar Republic.
Pomeranian Nazi movement before 1933
Throughout the existence of the 1. Administrative Subdivision of the Province of Pomerania in 1900/10 (German)
During the Soviet conquest of Farther Pomerania and the subsequent expulsions of Germans until 1950, 498,000 people from the part of the province east of the Oder-Neisse line died, making up for 26,4% of the former population. Of the 498,000 dead, 375,000 were civilians, and 123,000 were Wehrmachtsoldiers. Low estimates give a million expellees from the then Polish part of the province in 1945 and the following years. Only 7,100 km2 remained with Germany, about a fourth of the province's size before 1938 and a fifth of the size thereafter. On October 15, Stettin's city limits were expanded to an area of 460 km2, housing 383,000 people. On October 1, 1938, the bulk of the former Province of Posen-West Prussia was merged into the Province of Pomerania, adding an area of 5,787 km2with a population of 251,000. 1. 1919: On October 8, 1919, the province had 1,787,179 inhabitants. This population had increased by 160,000 in 1925. Polish seasonal workers were employed in Pomeranian agricult...rural districts (Landkreis):urban districts (Stadtkreis):
In 1990, after Szczecin Voivodeship after the war, from which the eastern part was split off as Koszalin Voivodeship in 1950. Słupsk Voivodeship was split off from this voivodeship in 1975, there were also territorial exchanges with neighboring voivodeships. Since 1999, the area of the former province of Pomerania is included in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship (Zachodniopomorskie, bulk) and Pomeranian Voivodeship (western part around Słupsk, formerly Stolp). By the terms of the Potsdam Agreement, Western Pomerania east of the Oder–Neisse line became part of Poland. This line left the Oder river north of Gartz (Oder) and included the Stettin and Swinemünde area (Stettiner Zipfel) into the Polish state. The remaining German population was expelled and the area was resettled with Poles. Western Pomerania west of the Oder-Neisse line was merged with Mecklenburg to constitute the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in the Soviet occupation zone of Germany, that in 1949 became the German Demo...
After the failed assassination attempt of Hitler on July 20, 1944, Gestapo arrested thirteen Pomeranian nobles and one burgher, all knight estate owners. Of those, Ewald von Kleist-Schmenzin had contacted Winston Churchill in 1938 to inform about the work of the German opposition to the Nazis, and was executed in April 1945. Karl von Zitzewitz had connections to the Kreisauer Kreis group. Among the other arrested were Malte von Veltheim Fürst zu Putbus, who died in a concentration camp, as well as Alexander von Kameke and Oscar Caminecci-Zettuhn, who both were executed. Within the Reinold von Thadden-Trieglaff. In March 1935, 55 priests were arrested. The Confessing Church maintained a preachers' seminar headed by Dietrich Bonhoeffer in Zingst, which moved to Finkenwalde in 1935 and to Köslin and Groß Schlönwitz in 1940. Within the Catholic Church, the most prominent resistance member was Greifswald priest Alfons Wachsmann, who was executed in 1944. Other DNVP members, who had addre...
After World War II, the Soviet government occupying eastern Germany merged Mecklenburg with the smaller neighbouring region of Western Pomerania (German Vorpommern) to form the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Mecklenburg contributed about two-thirds of the geographical size of the new state and the majority of its population.
October 3, 1939 (Tuesday). The Panama Conference concluded with the adoption of a general declaration of neutrality of the American Republics.; The Greek cargo ship Diamantis was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-35 west of the Isles of Scilly.
1941 – World War II: Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives the final approval to initiate war against the United States. 1941 – World War II: Fiorello La Guardia , Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense , signs Administrative Order 9 , creating the Civil Air Patrol .
1911 – Archbishop Iakovos of America (d. 2005) 1913 – Erich Priebke, German war criminal, leader of the 1944 Ardeatine massacre (d. 2013) 1914 – Irwin Corey, American actor and activist (d. 2017) 1915 – Bruce R. McConkie, American colonel and religious leader (d. 1985)
November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 41 days remain until the end of the year. 41 days remain until the end of the year. Contents
December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. Six days remain until the end of the year. Six days remain until the end of the year. Contents
Jul 28, 2018 · Premier Alexandra Kollontai of the Socialist Revolutionary Party would preside over the war against Germany and would push west for the next four years, as the Red Army liberated eastern Europe from the wrath of fascism.
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