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  1. Alfonso XII (born November 28, 1857, Madrid, Spain—died November 25, 1885, Madrid) was a Spanish king whose short reign (1874–85) gave rise to hopes for a stable constitutional monarchy in Spain. The eldest surviving son of Queen Isabella II and, presumably, her consort, the duque de Cádiz, Alfonso accompanied his mother into exile ...

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  2. Reign of Alfonso XII. Official portrait of Alfonso XII by Federico Madrazo shortly before the king's death in November 1885 ( Museo del Prado, Madrid). The reign of Alfonso XII of Spain began after the triumph of the Pronunciamiento de Sagunto of December 29, 1874, which put an end to the First Spanish Republic and ended with the death of King ...

  3. Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885), was King of Spain from 29 December 1874 to his death in 1885. After a revolution that ended Isabella ’s rule of Spain in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France and returned to Spain as king in 1874 ...

  4. Jun 11, 2018 · Alfonso XIII (1886–1941) King of Spain (1886–1931). He was born after the death of his father, Alfonso XII, and his mother Maria Christina (1858–1929) acted as regent until 1902. Alfonso's reign was marked by civil unrest and he survived several assassination attempts. He used military and authoritarian measures to suppress republicans ...

    • He Was Born Into Immense Power
    • There Was A Dark Secret About Him
    • These Rumors Were Used by His Enemies
    • His Baptism Turned Out to Be A Disaster
    • His Enemies Nicknamed Him
    • Conflict Was on The Horizon For The Bourbon Family
    • Alfonso’s Future Was in Peril
    • They Ran
    • His Mother Had A Plan For Him
    • His Mother Recalled Him to France For A Surprise

    On a winter day on November 28th, 1857, the royal household saw Alfonso come into this world. His mother was at that moment the most powerful woman in Spain. She was, after all, the queen of her country. But despite having been born into all of this power and privilege, other, insidious issues awaited him in the shadows. Picryl

    Alfonso’s birth should have been a joyous time—but instead, his mother had to face dark rumors. People whispered that the King was not his actual father. According to the stories, the queen and the captain of the guard, or perhaps even the colonel, spent a steamy night or two together. No one knows for certain which of the two it was—nor whether it...

    The Carlists, a group of people who had a vastly different political agenda from the rulers of the country, AKA Alfonso's family, did their utmost to question his paternity. Like propaganda, they made sure that his supposed illegitimacy became a household tale. Their deeds had far-reaching consequences and caused much embarrassment to Alfonso and h...

    The rumors spread so far that they eventually were taken as truth—and for Alfonso, this had devastating consequences. His father was easily manipulated by the Carlists and refused to even attend the baptism ceremony for his own son. This is equivalent to him refusing to acknowledge the legitimacy of his own son, and even though he eventually attend...

    This scandal politically scarred Alfonso for life. From then on the nickname Puigmoltejo, the name of the captain of the guard, followed Alfonso throughout his youth. When you are born into so much power, it turns out people really do care who your parents are. It’s an unfortunate lesson Alfonso learned as a young man, but insults weren’t the only ...

    Not many people were very fond of Alfonso’s mother, Isabella—and this put both her and Alfonso in grave danger. On September 19th, 1868, a group of revolutionaries battled against those in power…which, of course, happened to be Alfonso’s family. While this wasn’t the first time they tried, it was beginning to look as if it might be the last. Wikime...

    The conflict forced Alfonso and his family into a precarious state. In a little more than a week, his mother was deposed, an opposing group of people had taken over Spain, and his future was looking increasingly grim. In order to save themselves, the family had to do something drastic. Picryl

    The royal family was quick to flee to get away from harm’s way, and into safety, which in this case meant France. Today it seems a little odd that a monarch and her family felt safe in one of the few countries that had, by that time, executed their rulers, but it seemed like the right thing to do at the time. There was, however, more in store than ...

    With the family line under an existential threat, there was no time to sit back and wait to see how things might turn out. Alfonso’s mother knew that plans had to be made for his future, so she began to make preparations for his education. Where else after all was a young child going to go? Of course, it wasn’t any ordinary school. She sent him to ...

    In the midst of his studies, his mother summoned him to France for a pleasant surprise. He temporarily stopped his studies and quickly moved to her side, where she awaited his arrival, patiently waiting to reveal her secret. The old Queen was about to do something that was going to forever change her fate, as well as his. Picryl

  5. Biography. Alfonso XII became King of Spain in 1874 following a coup d’état that ended the First Spanish Republic. Eight years later, General Grant met the Spanish monarch in an environment that still suffered from political unrest. Their first meeting took place in Vittoria, King Alfonso XII’s Capital of Spain.

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  7. biographybase.com › biography › alfonso_xii_of_spainAlfonso XII of Spain Biography

    Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857 - November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup d'etat restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. He was son of Isabella II of Spain.

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