This article is about an ancient people known today as the Iberians from the Iberian Peninsula. For modern-day Iberians, see Spanish people and Portuguese people. For the ancient Georgians, see Caucasian Iberians. The famous bust of the "Lady of Elche", probably a priestess.
Mar 14, 2019 · The team analyzed genomes from 403 ancient Iberians who lived between about 6000 B.C. and 1600 A.D., 975 ancient people from outside Iberia and about 2,900 present-day people. 271 of the ancient Iberian genomes had not been published before.
Iberians, ancient people of Spain. Some scholars have argued that they migrated from Africa in the Neolithic period and again at the end of the Bronze Age, while the archaeological evidence has been interpreted to suggest that Iberians had an E Mediterranean origin dating to the 3d millenium B.C.
Mar 14, 2019 · Since the beginning of human migration, the Iberian Peninsula—home of modern-day Spain and Portugal—has been a place where the cultures of Africa, Europe, and the Mediterranean have mingled. In a...
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Greek colonists made the first historical reference to the Iberians in the 6th century BC. They defined Iberians as non-Celtic peoples south of the Ebro river (Iber). The Greeks also dubbed as “Iberians” another people in the Caucasus region, currently known as Caucasian Iberians.
Ancient Iberians were mainly of a Cromagnid-Mediterranid phenotype called Berid. Location within the Mediterranid racial region. A Southern European Cromagnid type is low-skulked, smaller version Mediterranean + Paleolithic (Alpinid). Facial features show of Paleolithic in it (rugged).
- History of The Peoples and Tribes of Iberia
- Genome-Wide Analysis
- Y-DNA Frequencies by Region
- Sources of Y-DNA Frequencies
The Iberian peninsula has a varied and mountainous landscape that has promoted regional division and the isolation of human settlement throughout prehistory and during most of history, until the development of modern transportation. This has created ample opportunities for stark regional variations to develop, be it in culture, language, or genetics. On the other hand, Spain and Portugal are two of the oldest countries in continuous existence in Europe. This long political unity has favoured intermarriages within each country for much longer than in, say, Italy or Germany, which had a moderate uniformising effect on each country's gene pool. A wide range of peoples have settled in Iberia since the end of the last Ice Age. Phoenicians, Celts, Greeks, Jews, Romans, Goths, Suebi, Franks, Arabs and Berbers. All have left their genetic print on the populations of the regions where they settled. This page attempts to identify their genetic markers through the use of Y-chromosomal (Y-DNA)...
Paleolithic to Early Neolithic
Iberia was one of the last region of Europe reached by anatomically modern humans, and therefore also one of the last stronghold for Neanderthals. Modern humans are thought to have reached Iberia from France approximately 28,000 years ago. The last pure Neanderthals may have survived until 24,000 years ago around Gibraltar. The skull of a 4 year-old Neanderthal boy displayed signs of hydridisation bewteen Neanderthals and Homo sapiens. It is now known that all modern Europeans and Asians carr...
Late Neolithic to Bronze Age
The Late Neolithic period and Copper Age (two periods that juxtapose one another, depending on the region) were very propitious for Iberia. Around 2,800 BCE, a new archeological culture emerged in the Tagus estuary in central Portugal, the so-called Bell Beaker phenomenon. Often referred to as a culture, it was almost certainly not a unified entity, be it politically, linguistically or ethnically, but rather a vast multicultural trade network. For the next 500 years it would spread on land an...
Phoenicians & Greeks
Between 1200 and 539 BCE the Phoeniciansbuilt a vast commercial empire from their Levantine homeland along the southern Mediterranean as far as Andalusia. The oldest city in Iberia is Cadiz, which was founded by the Phoenicians as Gadir or Agadir in 1104 BCE. The Phoenicians also founded Almuñécar, Malaga, Cartaya and Huelva, and settled in other existing cities such as Tartessos and Carmona. Based on the haplogroups found in modern Lebanon and in their former colonies, the Phoenicians seem t...
Looking at autosomal DNA (i.e. the whole genome except the X and Y chromosomes and mitochondrial DNA), Iberian people are remarkably homogeneous - in a way that couldn't be guessed by looking at the distribution of Y-DNA and mtDNA haplogroups only. This is because genes spread fast in a population linked by a common language and a unified political entity. Paternal lineages often maintain regional and local patterns inherited over the centuries and millennia because in patriarchic societies, like Europe has been at least since the Bronze Age, it has consistently been men who inherited their parents's land, and women who married in the next village or town. This kept male lineages more fixed geographically than female lineages or overall genes. Only major geographic or linguistic obstacles, like crossing the snow-capped Cantabrian Mountains, or intermarrying with speakers of an utterly different language like Basque, would have serious hindered the propagation of autosomal DNA in the...
The majority of Iberian paternal lineages are of Indo-European (R1b, G2a3b1, J2b2 and a small amount of R1a), which can be attributed to the Proto-Celtic and Hallstatt Celtic invaders, and to a lower extent to later Roman and Germanic settlers. In total, these amount to 50-85% of Spanish Y-DNA and 60% of Portuguese Y-DNA. Maternal lineages, on the other hand, appear to have a mostly Neolithic and Mesolithicorigin, notably haplogroups H1, H3, HV0, K1a, J1c, J2a1, J2b1a, T2, U5b, V and X, which make up over 80% of the mtDNA in regions like the Basque country or Asturias, and always over 50% of the population of any region. Western Iberia, from Galicia and Asturias to southern Portugal and western Andalusia, have relatively high percentages of Southwest AsianY-chromosomal haplogroups (E-M34, J1, J2a, T). Their historical origin is diverse, being the cumulative contributions of Levantine Neolithic herders, Phoenicians, Jews and Arabs, although their exact proportion remains difficult to...
Total samples : Spain = 1798 ; Portugal = 1458 ; Sephardic Jews = 174. The Y-DNA frequencies for Lebanon are also indicated for the sake of comparison with the historical Phoenician homeland.
Mar 14, 2019 · The genomes of 403 ancient Iberians who lived between 6000 BC and AD 1600, 975 ancient people from other areas and 2,900 current people were analyzed. Modern-day Iberian men can still trace their ...
Feb 22, 2021 · Here’s a fun fact: The Iberian Peninsula is named after an ancient people who the Greeks named “Iberians”. It is important to note that Iberian Peninsula DNA ethnicity is very commonly found in people who live in areas that are not located directly on the peninsula. Keep reading to find out where people who have Iberian DNA can be found.
- related to: ancient iberian people