Ancient Rome Facts - Government
- Rome was originally a monarchy ruled by Kings. ...
- The last king of Rome was Tarquin the Proud who lost power in 510 BC.
- The kings that originally ruled ancient Rome were eventually ousted and replaced by a republic oligarchy which means political power was limited to only a segment of the people (not ...
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- Origins of Rome
- The Early Republic
- Military Expansion
- Internal Struggles in The Late Republic
- Julius Caesar’s Rise
- from Caesar to Augustus
- Age of The Roman Emperors
- Decline and Disintegration
- Roman Architecture
As legend has it, Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Left to drown in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby Alba Longa and rescued by a she-wolf, the twins lived to defeat that king and found their own city on the river’s banks in 753 B.C. After killing his brother, Romulus became the first king of Rome, which is named for him. A line of Sabine, Latin and Etruscan (earlier Italian civilizations) kings followed in a non-hereditary successi...
The power of the monarch passed to two annually elected magistrates called consuls. They also served as commanders in chief of the army. The magistrates, though elected by the people, were drawn largely from the Senate, which was dominated by the patricians, or the descendants of the original senators from the time of Romulus. Politics in the early republic was marked by the long struggle between patricians and plebeians (the common people), who eventually attained some political power throug...
During the early republic, the Roman state grew exponentially in both size and power. Though the Gauls sacked and burned Rome in 390 B.C., the Romans rebounded under the leadership of the military hero Camillus, eventually gaining control of the entire Italian peninsula by 264 B.C. Rome then fought a series of wars known as the Punic Wars with Carthage, a powerful city-state in northern Africa. The first two Punic Wars ended with Rome in full control of Sicily, the western Mediterranean and m...
Rome’s complex political institutions began to crumble under the weight of the growing empire, ushering in an era of internal turmoil and violence. The gap between rich and poor widened as wealthy landowners drove small farmers from public land, while access to government was increasingly limited to the more privileged classes. Attempts to address these social problems, such as the reform movements of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus (in 133 B.C. and 123-22 B.C., respectively) ended in the reforme...
When the victorious Pompey returned to Rome, he formed an uneasy alliance known as the First Triumvirate with the wealthy Marcus Licinius Crassus (who suppressed a slave rebellion led by Spartacus in 71 B.C.) and another rising star in Roman politics: Gaius Julius Caesar. After earning military glory in Spain, Caesar returned to Rome to vie for the consulship in 59 B.C. From his alliance with Pompey and Crassus, Caesar received the governorship of three wealthy provinces in Gaul beginning in...
Less than a year later, Julius Caesar was murdered on the ides of March (March 15, 44 B.C.) by a group of his enemies (led by the republican nobles Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius). Consul Mark Antony and Caesar’s great-nephew and adopted heir, Octavian, joined forces to crush Brutus and Cassius and divided power in Rome with ex-consul Lepidus in what was known as the Second Triumvirate. With Octavian leading the western provinces, Antony the east, and Lepidus Africa, tensions develope...
Augustus’ rule restored morale in Rome after a century of discord and corruption and ushered in the famous pax Romana–two full centuries of peace and prosperity. He instituted various social reforms, won numerous military victories and allowed Roman literature, art, architecture and religion to flourish. Augustus ruled for 56 years, supported by his great army and by a growing cult of devotion to the emperor. When he died, the Senate elevated Augustus to the status of a god, beginning a long-...
The decadence and incompetence of Commodus (180-192) brought the golden age of the Roman emperors to a disappointing end. His death at the hands of his own ministers sparked another period of civil war, from which Lucius Septimius Severus (193-211) emerged victorious. During the third century Rome suffered from a cycle of near-constant conflict. A total of 22 emperors took the throne, many of them meeting violent ends at the hands of the same soldiers who had propelled them to power. Meanwhil...
Roman architecture and engineering innovations have had a lasting impact on the modern world. Roman aqueducts, first developed in 312 B.C., enabled the rise of cities by transporting water to urban areas, improving public health and sanitation. Some Roman aqueducts transported water up to 60 miles from its source and the Fountain of Trevi in Rome still relies on an updated version of an original Roman aqueduct.Roman cement and concrete are part of the reason ancient buildings like the Colosse...
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Sep 10, 2020 · Ancient Rome, the state centred on the city of Rome. This article discusses the period from the founding of the city and the regal period, which began in 753 bc , through the events leading to the founding of the republic in 509 bc , the establishment of the empire in 27 bc , and the final eclipse of the Empire of the West in the 5th century ad .
- Rome was founded in 753BC by its first king, Romulus. It grew into a rich and powerful city during the next few hundred years.
- By AD 117 the Roman Empire included the whole of Italy, all the lands around the Mediterranean and much of Europe, including England, Wales and parts of Scotland.
- Roman legend says that Romulus had a twin brother called Remus. As babies they were abandoned in the area which later became Rome. A she-wolf found and raised them, but when they grew up, Romulus fought and killed Remus and became the first ruler of Rome!
- The Romans built such a huge empire and conquered new lands, thanks to their strong army. The Roman army could march up to 40km a day!
- A Bit Extreme, Don’t You Think? Remember how we mentioned that gladiators were really considered hunky celebs in their day? Well, Marcus Aurelius, a Roman emperor largely known for his philosophy and humanitarianism, faced an interesting dilemma in this arena.
- Truly Ruthless. King Herod the Great is definitely not remembered as much for his greatness as for being the evil Roman King who wanted to slaughter the baby Jesus.
- An Emperor’s Best Friend. One of the most notable (and notorious) Roman emperors was Caligula, despite his short reign (he was assassinated by officers in the Praetorian Guard).
- Undercover Boss, Ancient Rome Edition. If you were an ancient Roman with a penchant for letting loose, the event you looked forward to all year was a festival called the “Saturnalia,” held in honor of, you guessed it, the Roman god Saturn.
Ancient Rome History Facts The ancient Roman Empire was one of the world's great civilizations. Every kid reads in their history books about the great emperors, gladiators, wars, and the eventual fall of this amazing civilization. The purpose of this site is to provide interesting information about ancient Rome history facts.
- Colin Ricketts
- The Romulus and Remus story is a myth. The name Romulus was probably invented to fit the name of the city he was said to have founded on the Palatine Hill before killing his twin.
- By the fourth century BC, the story was accepted by Romans who were proud of their warrior founder. The story was included in the first history of the city, by the Greek writer Diocles of Peparethus, and the twins and their wolf step-mother were depicted on Rome’s first coins.
- The new city’s first conflict was with the Sabine people. Packed with immigrating young men, the Romans needed female inhabitants and kidnapped Sabine women, sparking a war that ended with a truce and the two sides joining forces.
- From the start Rome had an organised military. Regiments of 3,000 infantry and 300 cavalry were called legions and their foundation was ascribed to Romulus himself.
- Rome was founded by two brothers nursed by a she-wolf. The two twin brothers were named Romulus and Remus and were abandoned soon after their birth. They were discovered by a she-wolf on the banks of the Tiber, who took them in and fed them.
- The Ancient Romans worshipped a lot of different gods and goddesses. And each god and goddess had its specialty: Venus was worshipped if you had a problem in love and Janus when there was a change in your life.
- Sometimes the Romans would flood the whole Colosseum or Circus Maximus for a boat battle. Big boats topped with warriors fought it out in the water and were complete down to the live props, like alligators.
- Ancient Rome is underground. Have you ever wondered why all the ancient stuff is so much lower than street level? That’s because after so many hundreds of years, the city has piled up, building on top of building.
Fun Facts about Ancient Rome. The city of Rome is the capital of Italy today. It sits on the same site as the city of ancient Rome. If you were to visit Rome you could see many of the original ancient buildings such as the Colosseum and the Roman Forum. The Circus Maximus, a huge stadium built for chariot races, could seat around 150,000 people.
Sep 21, 2018 · The Ancient Rome Facts That Nobody Shares. And it’s a shame that facts like these seldom get repeated because the image of Rome we're otherwise left with is simply incomplete. As so often when happens when looking backward into history, we see Rome as a mirror of our own time.
- Gabby Duran
If you’re someone who loves to read about history you’re going to be left wide eyed and open mouthed by today’s interesting facts about Ancient Rome… It’s thought Rome was founded by two brothers who were raised by a wolf. At its peak Rome was home to more than 1 million people.