Yahoo Web Search

  1. Ancient Rome - Facts, Location, & Timeline - HISTORY

    www.history.com/topics/ancient-rome/ancient-rome
    • Origins of Rome
    • The Early Republic
    • Military Expansion
    • Internal Struggles in The Late Republic
    • Julius Caesar’s Rise
    • from Caesar to Augustus
    • Age of The Roman Emperors
    • Decline and Disintegration
    • Roman Architecture

    As legend has it, Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Left to drown in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby Alba Longa and rescued by a she-wolf, the twins lived to defeat that king and found their own city on the river’s banks in 753 B.C. After killing his brother, Romulus became the first king of Rome, which is named for him. A line of Sabine, Latin and Etruscan (earlier Italian civilizations) kings followed in a non-hereditary successi...

    The power of the monarch passed to two annually elected magistrates called consuls. They also served as commanders in chief of the army. The magistrates, though elected by the people, were drawn largely from the Senate, which was dominated by the patricians, or the descendants of the original senators from the time of Romulus. Politics in the early republic was marked by the long struggle between patricians and plebeians (the common people), who eventually attained some political power throug...

    During the early republic, the Roman state grew exponentially in both size and power. Though the Gauls sacked and burned Rome in 390 B.C., the Romans rebounded under the leadership of the military hero Camillus, eventually gaining control of the entire Italian peninsula by 264 B.C. Rome then fought a series of wars known as the Punic Wars with Carthage, a powerful city-state in northern Africa. The first two Punic Wars ended with Rome in full control of Sicily, the western Mediterranean and m...

    Rome’s complex political institutions began to crumble under the weight of the growing empire, ushering in an era of internal turmoil and violence. The gap between rich and poor widened as wealthy landowners drove small farmers from public land, while access to government was increasingly limited to the more privileged classes. Attempts to address these social problems, such as the reform movements of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus (in 133 B.C. and 123-22 B.C., respectively) ended in the reforme...

    When the victorious Pompey returned to Rome, he formed an uneasy alliance known as the First Triumvirate with the wealthy Marcus Licinius Crassus (who suppressed a slave rebellion led by Spartacus in 71 B.C.) and another rising star in Roman politics: Gaius Julius Caesar. After earning military glory in Spain, Caesar returned to Rome to vie for the consulship in 59 B.C. From his alliance with Pompey and Crassus, Caesar received the governorship of three wealthy provinces in Gaul beginning in...

    Less than a year later, Julius Caesar was murdered on the ides of March (March 15, 44 B.C.) by a group of his enemies (led by the republican nobles Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius). Consul Mark Antony and Caesar’s great-nephew and adopted heir, Octavian, joined forces to crush Brutus and Cassius and divided power in Rome with ex-consul Lepidus in what was known as the Second Triumvirate. With Octavian leading the western provinces, Antony the east, and Lepidus Africa, tensions develope...

    Augustus’ rule restored morale in Rome after a century of discord and corruption and ushered in the famous pax Romana–two full centuries of peace and prosperity. He instituted various social reforms, won numerous military victories and allowed Roman literature, art, architecture and religion to flourish. Augustus ruled for 56 years, supported by his great army and by a growing cult of devotion to the emperor. When he died, the Senate elevated Augustus to the status of a god, beginning a long-...

    The decadence and incompetence of Commodus (180-192) brought the golden age of the Roman emperors to a disappointing end. His death at the hands of his own ministers sparked another period of civil war, from which Lucius Septimius Severus (193-211) emerged victorious. During the third century Rome suffered from a cycle of near-constant conflict. A total of 22 emperors took the throne, many of them meeting violent ends at the hands of the same soldiers who had propelled them to power. Meanwhil...

    Roman architecture and engineering innovations have had a lasting impact on the modern world. Roman aqueducts, first developed in 312 B.C., enabled the rise of cities by transporting water to urban areas, improving public health and sanitation. Some Roman aqueducts transported water up to 60 miles from its source and the Fountain of Trevi in Rome still relies on an updated version of an original Roman aqueduct.Roman cement and concrete are part of the reason ancient buildings like the Colosse...

  2. Ancient Rome - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Rome

    In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the Italian city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom (753 BC–509 BC), Roman Republic (509 BC–27 BC) and Roman Empire (27 BC–476 AD) until the fall of the western empire.

  3. Ancient Rome - HISTORY

    www.history.com/topics/ancient-rome

    The Roman Empire stretched across Europe, North Africa and the Mideast until its collapse in 476 A.D. Rulers of ancient Rome included Julius Caesar, Caligula and Nero. Learn more about Ancient ...

    • Caesar | Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall Of An Empire | BBC Documentary
      youtube.com
    • Tony Robinson's Romans: Nero (Ancient Rome Documentary) | Timeline
      youtube.com
    • Caligula With Mary Beard (Ancient Rome Documentary) | Timeline
      youtube.com
    • Ancient Top 10: Rome's Empire Building Tech (Season 1, Episode 6) | Full Episode | History
      youtube.com
  4. ancient Rome | Facts, Maps, & History | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/place/ancient-Rome

    Ancient Rome, the state centred on the city of Rome. This article discusses the period from the founding of the city and the regal period, which began in 753 bc , through the events leading to the founding of the republic in 509 bc , the establishment of the empire in 27 bc , and the final eclipse of the Empire of the West in the 5th century ad .

    • Early Rome
    • War & Expansion
    • The Republic
    • Towards

    Originally a small town on the banks of the Tiber, Rome grew in size and strength, early on, through trade. The location of the city provided merchants with an easily navigable waterway on which to traffic their goods. The city was ruled by seven kings, from Romulus to Tarquin, as it grew in size and power. Greek culture and civilization, which came to Rome via Greek colonies to the south, provided the early Romans with a model on which to build their own culture. From the Greeks they borrowe...

    Though Rome owed its prosperity to trade in the early years, it was war which would make the city a powerful force in the ancient world. The wars with the North African city of Carthage (known as the Punic Wars, 264-146 BCE) consolidated Rome's power and helped the city grow in wealth and prestige. Rome and Carthage were rivals in trade in the Western Mediterranean and, with Carthage defeated, Rome held almost absolute dominance over the region; though there were still incursions by pirates w...

    Even so, Rome found itself divided across class lines. The ruling class called themselves Optimates (the best men) while the lower classes, or those who sympathized with them, were known as the Populares (the people). These names were applied simply to those who held a certain political ideology; they were not strict political parties nor were all of the ruling class Optimates nor all of the lower classes Populares.In general, the Optimates held with traditional political and social values wh...

    Julius Caesar was now the most powerful man in Rome. He effectively ended the period of the Republic by having the Senate proclaim him dictator. His popularity among the people was enormous and his efforts to create a strong and stable central government meant increased prosperity for the city of Rome. He was assassinated by a group of Roman Senators in 44 BCE, however, precisely because of these achievements.The conspirators, Brutus and Cassius among them, seemed to fear that Caesar was beco...

    • Joshua J. Mark
  5. Ancient Rome [ushistory.org]

    www.ushistory.org/civ/6.asp

    Ancient Rome To the ancient Romans, Venus wasn't a planet but a celestial body: she was the goddess of love and beauty. The Romans built an empire of gigantic proportions.

  6. People also ask

    What are some important facts about ancient Rome?

    How did ancient Rome get its name?

    How did the ancient Rome start?

    What were the achievements of ancient Rome?

  7. Rome.info > History of Ancient Rome

    www.rome.info/ancient/history

    Ancient Rome history in brief. Rome began as an Iron Age hut village, founded in the mid-8th century BC. In 616, the Romans' sophisticated Etruscan neighbours seized power, but were ousted in 509, the inception of the Roman Republic. It conquered most of the rest of Italy, then turned its attentions overseas, and by the 1st century BC, ruled ...

  8. Ancient Rome, one of the great civilizations and empires of ...

    www.timemaps.com/civilizations/ancient-rome
    • Timeline of Roman History
    • Location
    • Economy and Society
    • Government, Warfare and Law
    • Religion
    • Culture
    • Roman Technology and Science
    • Ancient Rome in World History
    • Further Study

    753 BCE – traditional date for the founding of ancient Rome509 BCE – traditional date for the founding of the Roman Republic390 BCE – traditional date for the sack of Rome by the Gauls264-241 and 218-202 BCE – The First and Second Punic Wars (the great wars with Carthage)83-31 BCE – period of Civil Wars leads to the fall of the Roman Republic27 BCE – Augustus establishes himself as the first of the Roman emperors117 – the Roman Empire reaches its largest extent312 – the conversion of the empe...

    The term Ancient Rome refers to the city of Rome, which was located in central Italy; and also to the empire it came to rule, which covered the entire Mediterranean basin and much of western Europe. At its greatest extent in stretched from present-day northern England to southern Egypt, and from the Atlantic coast to the shores of the Persian Gulf.Rome’s location in central Italy placed it squarely within the Mediterranean cluster of civilizations. The most famous of these was that of the Anc...

    Ancient Roman society originated as a society of small farmers. However, as it grew more powerful and more extensive, it became one of the most urbanized societies in the pre-industrial world.At the height of its empire, Rome was probably the largest city on the planet, with more than a million inhabitants. The empire had a handful of other cities with several hundred thousand inhabitants, and many other large and wealthy urban settlements.These cities had some features which would have looke...

    The Roman Republic governed Rome as it changed from single city-state to enormous empire. As its power expanded, the republic’s leaders met new challenges by adapting old institutions to meet unforeseen challenges. The stresses and strains of growth eventually led to the breakdown of the Republic, but the Augustan settlement which opened the curtain on the Empire was a masterpiece of practical adaptation.The Republican government involved a mix of different institutions – the magistrates, abo...

    Roman religion was very similar to that of the Greeks. Like the Greeks, the Romans worshiped a pantheon of gods and goddesses, headed by the chief of the gods, Jupiter. Other gods included Minerva, goddess of wisdom and learning; Mars, god of war; Venus, goddess of love; Ceres, goddess of the Earth; and Pluto, god of the underworld. As well as these major gods, numerous lesser deities, gods of hearth and home, and forest and field, populated the spirit world.Roman religion placed great emphas...

    Roman art was closely related to late Greek art – indeed, as the Romans conquered more and more Greek cities, more and more Greet art found its way to Rome. The same is true of Greek artists, who found in the Roman ruling classes keen patrons of their work. Culturally, the Roman period is to a large extent an extension of the Hellenistic period, especially in the eastern parts of the empire. Nevertheless, Roman sculpture in particular has an unmissable characteristic all its own. The sculptur...

    Given the large overlap between the Hellenistic and Roman civilizations, it is sometimes hard to disentangle which civilization took some technological steps. In a sense it doe not matter, as Rome rose to power within a Hellenistic context, and carried forward the Hellenistic culture a further few centuries.Some of the greatest technological achievements of the Roman period were in construction engineering. These rested on the development of the first form of concrete in history, a step that...

    The rise and fall of Ancient Rome formed a crucial episode in the rise of Western civilization. Through Rome the achievements of ancient Greek civilization passed to Medieval Europe – with unique Roman contributions added. Roman architecture, sculpture, philosophy and literature all built on Greek models, developed their own distinct elements, and then left a legacy for later periods of Western civilization to build on.However, it was in law and politics that Roman influence can be felt most...

    Articles on Ancient Rome and related topics:The Rise of the Roman EmpireHistory of the Roman EmpireHistory of the Later Roman EmpireGovernment and Warfare under the Roman RepublicGovernment and Warfare under the Roman EmpireThe Society and Economy of Ancient RomeAncient CarthageEtruscan civilizationHistory of ancient Europe at the time when ancient Roman civilization flourished.History of the ancient Middle East, showing the role the Roman empire played in that region.Maps:Ancient Europe, sho...

  9. History of Rome - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Rome

    The history of Rome includes the history of the city of Rome as well as the civilisation of ancient Rome.Roman history has been influential on the modern world, especially in the history of the Catholic Church, and Roman law has influenced many modern legal systems.

  10. Ancient Roman History for Kids - Fun Facts to Learn

    www.historyforkids.net/ancient-rome.html

    Discover Ancient Rome Understanding people in the past can be fun, learning about ancient Rome is interesting and enjoyable. Some kings like Lucius were not very popular and sometimes cruel to people. They became very powerful and conquered other lands. They had patricians who were rich nobles and owner a lot of land. The plebeians … Continue reading "Rome"