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    Federalism is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government (the central or "federal" government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system. Its distinctive feature, first embodied in the novel system of government established by ...

  2. Democratic Party (United States) The Democratic Party is one of the two major, contemporary political parties in the United States. It was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party. Its main historic rival is the Republican Party.

  3. Modern liberalism (often simply referred to in the United States as liberalism) is the dominant version of liberalism in the United States. It combines ideas of civil liberty and equality with support for social justice and a mixed economy. Economically, modern liberalism opposes cuts to the social safety net and supports a role for government ...

  4. The term federalist describes several political beliefs around the world. It may also refer to the concept of parties; its members or supporters called themselves Federalists.

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    According to Robert Kraynak, a professor at Colgate University, rather than "following progressive liberalism (i.e. social liberalism), conservative liberals draw upon pre-modern sources, such as classical philosophy (with its ideas of virtue, the common good, and natural rights), Christianity (with its ideas of natural law, the social nature of man, and original sin), and ancient institutions (such as common law, corporate bodies, and social hierarchies). This gives their liberalism a conservative foundation. It means following Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Edmund Burke rather than Locke or Kant; it usually includes a deep sympathy for the politics of the Greek polis, the Roman Republic, and Christian monarchies. But, as realists, conservative liberals acknowledge that classical and medieval politics cannot be restored in the modern world. And, as moralists, they see that the modern experiment in liberty and self-government has the positive effe...


    1. Slomp, Hans (2011). Europe, a Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8.

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    The political terms left wing and right wing originated in the 18th century during the French Revolution. They are based on the seating arrangements in the French National Assembly those who sat on the left of the chair of the parliamentary president supported the revolution and a secular republic, and opposed the monarchy of the old regime. The people on the left were in favor of radical change, socialism and republicanism i.e. a strong French Republic instead of the monarchy.

    Those who sat to the right supported the institutions of the monarchist old regime or Ancien Régime. The stronger your opposition to radical change and desire to preserve traditional society, the more you were to the right. Tradition, institutional religion and privatization of economy were considered the core values of the right-wing.

    A variety of social issues idivide the left and right, such as abortion or gay marriage. In general, the left wing philosophy believes that every individual should have the right to a fulfilling life, positive freedom. This involves free healthcare for all, bodily autonomy for everyone who may get pregnant by allowing abortion, right to marry anyone of any gender, right to vote for everyone, freedom of religion, etc. The right may often differ a lot on social policies: Traditionalists want to preserve traditions such as marriage only being between a man and a woman or abortion being illegal. Right-wing libertarians believe strongly in the capitlaist free market and negative freedom, issues such as healthcare should be decided by the free market. The left wing generally supports abortion rights, but does not outwardly and necessarily believe that abortion is a good thing. Those on the right, largely due to religious beliefs, would like abortions to be illegal. Some majority-right states have enacted legislation recently that would make it harder for women to attain abortions while not outlawing it entirely. The right wing believes that a fetus is a living person and that abortion is, therefore, murder. Some people make an exception for cases involving rape and incest, but some do not. Some issues are closely related to abortion rights, including: Many on the left believe that the death penalty is barbaric and does not deter crime. Meanwhile, the right generally believes that certain crimes deserve death as a punishment, somewhat akin to the \\"an eye for an eye\\" doctrine. A debate over the fairness of the criminal justice system has emerged, with the left asserting that many on death row may be innocent. Another issue of divergence on gay rights is businesses choosing their customers. For example, a florist in Washington state refused to do the flower arrangement for a gay wedding. She was sued for discrimination. In a situation like this, people on the right generally support the business owner while those on the left support the customers. The right differs a lot about this issue. Advocates of capitalist hierarchies, such as U.S. liberals, may oppose them to avoid a too easy access and misuse of weapons. But other right-wingers, such as U.S. conservatives, believe that guns are a check by the people on the state and are there to protect themselves from it.

    Left-wingers believe that women should have control over their bodies and that outlawing abortion infringes on women's reproductive rights. One cannot force one person to use their organs for another against their will. Some also claim that making abortions illegal will only force them underground, resulting in untrained, non-physicians performing botched abortions and risking women's lives. Some other arguments by the pro-life and pro-choice factions are described here.

    Most on the right believe marriage is strictly an institution based on the union of a man and a woman, and see gay unions as an aberration from \\"the norm\\". People on the right also advocate for the right of employers (especially religious institutions, including Catholic hospitals) to choose not to employ gay individuals. Leftists however do not see tradition as a justification for harmful acts, similarly to how we don't try to justify child marriges with tradition or similar.

    Both the right and left can differ a lot on religion and wether to allow it or not, how to seperate it, etc. But a general theme can be seen with the right focusing on the hierarchical and controlling aspect of it (e.g. Believers are better than non-Believers; Marriage is only between a man and a woman; Life begins at conception and a pregnant person is forced to give birth to the life once God gave it to them) and the left either completely opposing religion for that very reason, seperating it from the state, or focusing on the accepting and tolerant aspect of it (e.g. Love your neigbour like yourself, in the case of Christianity).

    It used to be that the conservative right wing had a very strong talk-radio presence, while the liberal right had a strong presence in print media. In recent years, media outlets have formed to only appease right wingers, but with different stances on social issues. Conservative ight-wing media includes Fox News, the Wall Street Journal and Rush Limbaugh. Liberal media includes MSNBC, the New York Times, the Washington Post, Ed Schultz and comedians like Stephen Colbert and Jon Stewart. There is barely to no left-wing media, as all mainstream media outlets are owned by companies - strong supporters of capitalism and of the hierarchies it creates. Liberal, but still right-wing media, are often labelled \\"left\\" when they are in fact in no way anti-capitalism. They are simply the furthest to the left in the Overton window, however the Overton window in the West is currently completely on the right and keeps moving there.

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