Robert Hooke's microscope was a recreation of Anton van Leeuwenhoek's microscope in the 17th century, except his was 300x magnification. The discovery of the cell was made possible through the invention of the microscope.
The germ theory of disease is the currently accepted scientific theory for many diseases. It states that microorganisms known as pathogens or "germs" can lead to disease. These small organisms, too small to be seen without magnification, invade humans, other animals, and other living hosts.
Década de 1670: Anton van Leeuwenhoek observó diversas células eucariotas (como protozoos y espermatozoides) y procariotas (bacterias). 1745: John Needham describió la presencia de «animálculos» o «infusorios»; se trataba de organismos unicelulares.