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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Common_lawCommon law - Wikipedia

    The common law, as applied in civil cases (as distinct from criminal cases), was devised as a means of compensating someone for wrongful acts known as torts, including both intentional torts and torts caused by negligence, and as developing the body of law recognizing and regulating contracts.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › DefamationDefamation - Wikipedia

    Since laws restricting libel were accepted at this time because of its tendency to lead to a breach of peace, group libel laws were justified because they showed potential for an equal or perhaps greater risk of violence. For this reason, group libel cases are criminal even though most libel cases are civil torts.

  3. The law of libel emerged during the reign of James I (1603–1625) under Attorney General Edward Coke who started a series of libel prosecutions. Scholars frequently attribute strict English defamation law to James I's outlawing of duelling. From that time, both the criminal and civil remedies have been found in full operation.

  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › TortTort - Wikipedia

    Torts may be categorised in several ways, with a particularly common division between negligent and intentional torts. Quasi-torts are unusual tort actions. Particularly in the United States, "collateral tort" is used to refer to torts in labour law such as intentional infliction of emotional distress ("outrage"); or wrongful dismissal; these evolving causes of action are debated and overlap ...

  5. Self-defense is a defense to certain criminal charges as well as to some civil claims. Under both Criminal Law and Tort Law, self-defense is commonly asserted in cases of Homicide, Assault and Battery, and other crimes involving the attempted use of violence against an individual. Statutory and case law governing self-defense is generally the ...

  6. The law of torts as it prevails in India is mostly founded on the law prevailing in England. The Crown's Proceeding Act, 1947, has changed the law of torts to the considerable extent. It is unfortunate that in India the law relating to torts has not kept pace with the recent fast and ever-expanding activities of the State.

  7. Cause Of Action: 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Prisoner Civil Rights Court: Fifth Circuit › Texas › US District Court for the Eastern District of Texas Type: Other Statutes › Prisoner: Civil Rights

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