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    Released in 2003. Lists of United States state symbols. Arkansas ( / ˈɑːrkənsɔː / AR-kən-saw [c]) is a landlocked state in the South Central United States. [8] [9] It is bordered by Missouri to the north, Tennessee and Mississippi to the east, Louisiana to the south, and Texas and Oklahoma to the west.

    • 53,179 sq mi (137,732 km²)
    • 4 Republicans (list)
  2. › wiki › ArkansasArkansas – Wikipedia

    Arkansas [ ˈɑɹkənsɔː ] ist einer der südlichen Bundesstaaten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika mit 3.011.524 Einwohnern (2020). Die Beinamen Arkansas’ sind The Natural State (dt.: „Der Staat im Naturzustand“) und Land of Opportunity („Land der Möglichkeiten“). Die Hauptstadt ist Little Rock.

    • Early Arkansas
    • European Colonization
    • Road to Statehood
    • Early Years of The State
    • Civil War and Reconstruction
    • Growth and Industrialization
    • Early Through Mid-20Th Century
    • President Bill Clinton
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Paleo and Archaic periods

    Beginning around 11,700 B.C.E., the first indigenous people inhabited the area now known as Arkansas after crossing today's Bering Strait, formerly Beringia. The first people in modern-day Arkansas likely hunted woolly mammoths by running them off cliffs or using Clovis points, and began to fish as major rivers began to thaw towards the end of the last great ice age. Forests also began to grow around 9500 BCE, allowing for more gathering by native peoples. Crude containers became a necessity...

    Woodland and Mississippi periods

    Further warming led to the beginnings of agriculture in Arkansas around 650 BCE. Fields consisted of clearings, and Native Americans would begin to form villages around the plot of trees they had cleared. Shelters became more permanent and pottery became more complex. Burial mounds, surviving today in places such as Parkin Archeological State Park and Toltec Mounds Archaeological State Park, became common in northeast Arkansas. This reliance on agriculture marks an entrance into Mississippian...

    The expeditions of De Soto, Marquette and Joliet

    The first European contact with Arkansas was the Spanish expedition led by Hernando de Soto in 1541. De Soto wandered among settlements, inquiring about gold and other valuable natural resources. He encountered the Casqui in northeast Arkansas, who sent him north around Devil's Elbow to the Pacaha, the traditional enemies of the Casqui. Upon arrival in the Pacaha village, the Casqui who had followed behind de Soto attacked and raided the village. De Soto ultimately engaged the two tribes' chi...

    French Louisiana

    Robert La Salle entered Arkansas in 1681 as part of his quest to find the mouth of the Mississippi River, and thus claim the entire river for New France. La Salle and his partner, Henri de Tonti, succeeded in this venture, claiming the river in April 1682. La Salle would return to France while dispatching de Tonti to wait for him and hold Fort St. Louis. On the king's orders, La Salle returned to colonize the Gulf of Mexico for the French, but ran aground in Matagorda Bay. La Salle led three...

    The first settlement: Arkansas Post

    The first successful European settlement, "Poste de Arkansea", was established by Henri de Tonti in 1686 on the Arkansas River. The post disbanded for unknown reasons in 1699 but was reestablished in 1721 in the same location. Sited slightly upriver from the confluence of the Arkansas River and Mississippi River, the remote post was a center of trade and home base for fur trappers in the region to trade their wares. The French settlers mingled and in some cases even intermarried with Quapaw n...

    Although the United States of America had gained separation from the British as a result of the Revolutionary War, Arkansas remained in Spanish hands after the conflict. Americans began moving west to Kentucky and Tennessee, and the United States wanted to guarantee these people that the Spanish possession of the Mississippi River would not disrupt...

    The question of statehood was first raised by National Republican Benjamin Desha in 1831 in the Little Rock Arkansas Advocate. This position was contrary to the Democrats and The Family, who feared that the taxation required to maintain state government would be onerous on the state's meager population. Arkansas's Territorial Delegate and Family me...

    Secession and Civil War

    Support for the Southern cause was immediate following secession. Many towns sent enthusiastic men with hunting rifles to Little Rock prepared to fight for Southern independence. People all across the state thought victory over the North would come swiftly. Some anti-war organizations formed in northwest Arkansas, such as Arkansas Peace Society, but members of these groups were arrested and charged with treason or forced to join the Confederate army. Geographically Arkansas was an important s...

    Reconstruction Period

    Following the war, the Southern economy was in shambles, including Arkansas. The cost of the war effort, loss of human capital, and Confederate currency losing value were serious issues for the south in addition to the destruction of property, infrastructure, and crops. Emancipated blacks also rushed out of the south following the war. Abraham Lincoln's moderate ten percent plan allowed the Confederate states to return once 10% of their 1860 voters pledged allegiance to the United States and...

    When Congress voted to approve Augustus Garland as governor a year after a corrupt 1874 election, Arkansas and other Southern states began to envision a revolution in which the old Confederate states could update their economies using Northern capital and industry to replace plantation agriculture. Contemporary Arkansans also believed cultural and ...

    Elaine Race Riots of 1919

    Race relations grew tense during this time, with many poor whites blaming freedmen for their unemployment. At the same time, blacks felt they were being exploited and underpaid by white plantation owners. In 1919, 100 frustrated black farmers gathered near Elaineto discuss how to receive a fair wage for their work on the plantations. A fight broke out when a sheriff and railroad detective arrived at the church. The deputy was wounded and the detective killed. As word spread of a "black uprisi...

    Progressive Era, Great Depression and the New Deal

    With a rural economy based primarily on cotton, Arkansas was hard-hit in the Great Depression in the United States. Severe droughts in the 1930s and the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 greatly worsened the pain caused by low commodity prices in the early 1920s. Arkansans sought reforms during the era, electing Harvey Parnell governor in 1928, a progressive campaigning on education, highways, and tax reform. Implementation of reforms was limited by a struggling farm economy, natural disasters,...

    World War II

    World War II restored prosperity. Many farmers, especially blacks, left for much better-paying jobs in industrial centers. Cotton plantations ran short of unskilled labor to pick their crop, and were assisted by the US Department of Agriculture in finding workers. Based on the order of President Franklin D. Roosevelt given shortly after Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, nearly 16,000 Japanese Americans were forcibly removed from the West Coast of the United States and incarcerated in t...

    Bill Clinton, born in Hope, served nearly twelve years as the 40th and 42nd Arkansas governor before being elected 42nd president in the 1992 election. He was reelected to the Presidency in 1996 and served until January 2001.

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    • History
    • Geography
    • Religion
    • Education
    • Culture
    • Attractions
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    Arkansas became the 25th state to enter the Union in 1836. During the American Civil War, Arkansas was one of the Confederate states, however, it was the second state to be put back in to the U.S. in the Reconstruction. Native Americans first settled in the state before the arrival of Europeans. African Americanslaves were imported to Arkansas for ...

    View from the summit of Petit Jean Mountain, in the Arkansas River Valley, from Mather Lodge in Petit Jean State Park.
    The Ouachita River runs through the Ouachita National Forest.
    Blanchard Springs Caverns in Stone Countyis a popular tourist destination.]]
    The Buffalo National River, one of many attractions that give the state's nickname The Natural State.]]

    Arkansas, like most other Southern states, is part of the Bible Belt. It is mostly Protestant. The largest denominations by number of followers in 2000 were the Southern Baptist Convention with 665,307; the United Methodist Church with 179,383; the Roman Catholic Church with 115,967; and the American Baptist Associationwith 115,916.

    Education in Arkansas has been an issue. Part of the problem has been low teacher salaries and small budgets for spending on students. Other problems have been not wanting to integrate, and poor school facilities. Arkansas has two university systems: Arkansas State University System and University of Arkansas System. Some other public institutions ...

    Arkansas is notable for its bauxite mines. Arkansas was also the first U.S. state where diamonds were found. Notable Arkansans include Bill Clinton, who was governor of Arkansas before he became the President of the United States, Sam Walton, the founder of Wal-Mart, Johnny Cash, a famous guitarist known as "The Man In Black", and Rodger Bumpass, W...

    Arkansas is home to many areas protected by the National Park System. These include: 1. Arkansas Post National Memorial at Gillett 2. Buffalo National River 3. Fort Smith National Historic Site 4. Hot Springs National Park 5. Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site 6. Pea Ridge National Military Park 7. President William Jefferson Cl...

    • United States
  4. Arkansas covers an area of 53,179 square miles (137,733 km²) and ranks as the 29th largest state by size. The state borders six U.S. states: Missouri to the north, Tennessee and Mississippi across the Mississippi River to the east, Louisiana to the south, Oklahoma to the west, and Texas to the southwest.

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