- Augustus II (12 May 1670 – 1 February 1733), most commonly known as Augustus the Strong, was Elector of Saxony from 1694 as well as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania in the years 1697–1706 and from 1709 until his death in 1733. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin.
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Augustus II (12 May 1670 – 1 February 1733), most commonly known as Augustus the Strong, was Elector of Saxony from 1694 as well as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania in the years 1697–1706 and from 1709 until his death in 1733.
AUGUSTUS II THE STRONG (SAXONY AND POLAND) (1670 – 1733), Elector Frederick Augustus I of Saxony 1694 – 1733 and King Augustus II of Poland 1697 – 1704 and 1709 – 1733. Augustus's father, Elector John George III of Saxony, and his mother, Anna Sophie, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark, married in 1666 to tie the Danish royal family to the Wettin dynasty of Saxony.
Augustus II, also called Augustus Frederick, byname Augustus the Strong, Polish August II Wettin or August Mocny, German August Friedrich or August der Starke, (born May 12, 1670, Dresden, Saxony [Germany]—died February 1, 1733, Warsaw, Poland), king of Poland and elector of Saxony (as Frederick Augustus I).
Augustus II the Strong, King of Poland, was born on this day in 1670. That nickname was given to him due to his extraordinary physical strength. According to some sources, he could break horseshoes with his bare hands and perform other amazing feats. Augustus II was a member of the German House of Wettin, which had ruled Saxony since the Middle Ages.
Augustus II (the Strong) (1670–1733) King of Poland (1697–1704, 1709–33) and, as Frederick Augustus I, Elector of Saxony (1694–1733). He was elected by the Polish nobles in order to secure an alliance with Saxony, but the result was to draw Poland into the Great Northern War on the side of Russia.
Augustus II A personal union with Saxony, where Augustus II was a strong ruler, seemed at first to offer some advantages to Poland. A king with a power base of his own might reform the Commonwealth, which was still a huge state and potentially a great power. But such hopes proved vain.
- Early Life
- King of Poland For The First Time
- King of Poland For The Second Time
- Illegitimate Issue
- Royal Titles
- See Also
Augustus was born in Dresden on 12 May 1670, the younger son of the Elector John George III and Anne Sophie of Denmark.As the second son, Augustus had no expectation of inheriting the electorate, since his older brother, John George IV, assumed the post after the death of their father on 12 September 1691.Augustus married Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth in Bayreuth on 20 January 1693. They had a son, Frederick Augustus II (1696–1763), who succeeded his father as Elector of Saxo...
Following the death of Polish King John III Sobieski and having converted to Catholicism, Augustus was elected King of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1697 with the backing of Imperial Russia and Austria, which financed him through the banker, Berend Lehmann. At the time, some questioned the legality of Augustus' elevation, since another candidate, François Louis, Prince of Conti, had received more votes. Both candidates, Conti and Augustus, were proclaimed as king by different ecclesia...
The weakened Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth soon came to be regarded as almost a protectorate of Russia. In 1709 Augustus II returned to the Polish throne under Russian auspices. Once again he attempted to establish an absolute monarchy in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, but was faced with opposition from the nobility (szlachta, see Tarnogród Confederation). Peter the Great seized on this opportunity to pose as mediator, threatened the Commonwealth militarily, and in 1717 forced Augustus...
Augustus is perhaps best remembered as a patron of the arts and architecture. He loved fine arts and architecture, and he had beautiful palaces built in Dresden, a city that became renowned for extraordinary cultural brilliance. He introduced the first public museums, such as the Green Vault in 1723, and started systematic collection of paintings that are now on display in the Old Masters Gallery.From 1687 to 1689, Augustus toured France and Italy. The extravagant court in Versailles—perfectl...
In 1936 Augustus was the subject of a Polish-German film Augustus the Strong directed by Paul Wegener. Augustus was portrayed by the actor Michael Bohnen.
The Electress Christiane, who remained Protestant and refused to move to Poland with her husband, preferred to spend her time in the mansion in Pretzsch on the Elbe, where she died.August, a voracious womanizer, never missed his wife, spending his time with a series of mistresses: 1. 1694–1696 with Countess Maria Aurora of Königsmarck 2. 1696–1699 with Countess Anna Aloysia Maximiliane von Lamberg 3. 1698–1704 with Ursula Katharina of Altenbockum, later Princess of Teschen 4. 1701–1706 with F...
1. In Latin: Augustus Secundus, Dei Gratia rex Poloniae, magnus dux Lithuaniae, Russie, Prussiae, Masoviae, Samogitiae, Livoniae, Kijoviae, Volhyniae, Podoliae, Smolensciae, Severiae, Czerniechoviaeque, necnon haereditarius dux Saxoniae et princeps elector etc. 2. English translation: Augustus II, by the grace of God, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, Ruthenia, Prussia, Masovia, Samogitia, Livonia, Kiev, Volhynia, Podolia, Smolensk, Severia and Chernihiv, and Hereditary Duke and Princ...
1. History of Saxony 2. History of Poland (1569–1795) 3. Rulers of Saxony 4. List of Lithuanian rulers 5. Dresden Castle – Residence of Augustus II the Strong
Dec 06, 2020 · О Augustus II the Strong, King of Poland (русский) Август Сильный, также Фридрих Август I Саксонский и Август II Польский (нем. August II. der Starke; польск.