The continent of Australia, sometimes known in technical contexts by the names Sahul (/ səˈhuːl /), Australinea, or Meganesia to distinguish it from the country of Australia, consists of the landmasses which sit on Australia's continental plate.
Australia has at least 755 species of reptile, more than any other country in the world. Besides Antarctica, Australia is the only continent that developed without feline species. Feral cats may have been introduced in the 17th century by Dutch shipwrecks, and later in the 18th century by European settlers.
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Australia's landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometers is on the Indo-Australian plate. The continent of Australia, including the island of Tasmania, was separated from the other continents of the world many millions of years ago. Because of this, many animals and plants live in Australia that do not live anywhere else. These include animals like the kangaroo, the koala, the emu, the kookaburra, and the platypus. People first arrived in Australia more than 50,000 years ago. These native Australians are called the Australian Aborigines. For the history of Australia, see History of Australia. Most of the Australian colonies, having been settled from Britain, became mostly independent democratic states in the 1850s and all six combined as a federation on 1 January 1901. The first Prime Minister of Australia was Edmund Barton in 1901. Australia is a member of the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations. It is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Elizabeth II...
The Australian Aboriginal people arrived in Australia about 50,000 years ago or even earlier. Until the arrival of British settlers in 1788, the Aboriginal people lived by hunting and gathering food from the land. They lived in all sorts of climates and managed the land in different ways. An example of Aboriginal land management was the Cumberland Plain where Sydney is now. Every few years the Aboriginal people would burn the grass and small trees.This meant that a lot of grass grew back, but...
In the 1600s, Dutch merchants traded with the islands of Batavia (now Indonesia), to the north of Australia and several different Dutch ships touched on the coast of Australia. The Dutch governor, van Diemen, sent Abel Tasman on a voyage of discovery and he found Tasmania, which he named Van Diemen's Land. Its name was later changed to honour the man who discovered it. The British Government was sure that there must be a very large land in the south, that had not been explored. They sent Capt...
In the 1700s, in England, laws were tough, many people were poor and gaols (jails) were full. A person could be sentenced to death for stealing a loaf of bread. Many people were hung for small crimes. But usually they were just thrown in gaol. Often they were sent away to the British colonies in America. But by the 1770s, the colonies in America became the United States. They were free from British rule and would not take England's convicts any more, so England needed to find a new and less p...
Australia is made up of six states, and two mainland territories. Each state and territory has its own Parliament and makes its own local laws. The Parliament of Australia sits in Canberra and makes laws for the whole country, also known as the Commonwealth or Federation. The Federal government is led by the Prime Minister of Australia, who is the member of Parliament chosen as leader. The current Prime Minister is Scott Morrison. The leader of Australia is the Prime Minister, although the Governor-General represents the Queen of Australia, who is also the Queen of Great Britain, as head of state. The Governor-General, currently His Excellency David Hurley, is chosen by the Prime Minister.
Australia was colonised by people from Britain, but today people from all over the world live there. English is the main spoken language, and Christianity is the main religion, though all religions are accepted and not everybody has a religion. Australia is multicultural, which means that all its people are encouraged to keep their different languages, religions and ways of life, while also learning Englishand joining in with other Australians. Famous Australian writers include the bush balladeers Banjo Paterson and Henry Lawson who wrote about life in the Australian bush. More modern famous writers include Peter Carey, Thomas Keneally and Colleen McCullough. In 1973, Patrick White won the Nobel Prize in Literature, the only Australian to have achieved this; he is seen as one of the great English-language writers of the twentieth century. Australian music has had lots of world-wide stars, for example the opera singers Nellie Melba and Joan Sutherland, the rock and roll bands Bee Gee...
Australia is home to many animals that can be found nowhere else on Earth, which include: the koalas, the kangaroos, the wombat, the numbat, the emu, among many others. Most of the marsupials in the world are found only on the continent or on the neighbouring island of New Guinea. Wildfiresfrom global warming in 2020 have decreased their population.Australia travel informations Archived 2015-03-16 at the Wayback MachineUser generated guide to Australia.
Australia is a continent and an island located in Oceania between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. It shares its name with the country that claims control over it. Properly called the Commonwealth of Australia, its territory consists of the entire continent and smaller outlying islands.
Australia (uneori denumită în contexte technice ca Sahul, Australinea sau Meganesia, pentru a o deosebi de țară) este un continent ce cuprinde Australia, Tasmania, Noua Guinee, Seram, posibil Timorul, și insulele învecinate. Acesta este cel mai mic din cele șapte continente tradiționale din concepția engleză.
The natural history of Australia has been shaped by the geological evolution of the Australian continent from Gondwana and the changes in global climate over geological time. The building of the Australian continent and its association with other land masses, as well as climate changes over geological time, have created the unique flora and ...
A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are commonly regarded as continents. Ordered from largest in area to smallest, these seven regions are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.
- Is The Demonym correct?
- Oceania as A Continent
- Merge Discussion
Currently it says "Australian", and links to Australians 188.8.131.52 (talk) 22:31, 9 May 2019 (UTC) 1. Strictly speaking, no. However the amount of territory of the Australian continent outside of the country of Australia is pretty low. The only major bit of land that is in the first but not the second is New Guinea, whose inhabitants are generally considered Asians in a continental-demonym sense. --Khajidha (talk) 16:01, 16 January 2020 (UTC) 1. 1.1. Papuans are not Asians, they are Melanesians. 2001:8003:9008:1301:8581:BFF9:1757:DF9 (talk) 12:36, 9 July 2020 (UTC) 1.1.1. That's an ethnic classification. You will note I specified "continental-demonym sense". --Khajidha (talk) 12:59, 10 August 2020 (UTC) 1. Americans have this same problem. 184.108.40.206 (talk) 11:28, 13 February 2020 (UTC) 1. 1.1. At least we can distinguish them by calling the country United States or U.S. instead of America and calling their people U.S. Americans instead of Americans, but this Australia country...
The model I was taught was that Australia is a country, which is also a subregion of the continent of Oceania. Oceania as a continent consists of 2 main regions: Australasia and the Pacific Islands. Australasia can be further subdivided into 3 subregions: Australia, Zealandia (consists of New Zealand and New Caledonia) and New Guinea (consists of Papua New Guinea and Western New Guinea); the Pacific Islands also can be further subdivided into 3 subregions: Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia (including Hawaii and Easter Island). I wonder how many of you actually support this theory? Under this theory, all the islands in the world can be grouped into their respective continents. Oh, it is a seven-continent model, so North America and South America are considered separate continents. The World Ocean is also subdivided into 7 smaller oceans: North Pacific Ocean, South Pacific Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean, South Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean and Antarctic Ocean (aka the Sout...
There may be a different solution, but at the moment we have a redirect page Sahul continent to this article, and a DAB page at Sahul which has links to this one and others, but not Sahul (continent). Other links to each page will have to be considered. Laterthanyouthink (talk) 05:10, 29 June 2020 (UTC) 1. Support Also, we should merge Sunda (landmass) with Sundaland. Unfortunately, there are just too many low quality duplicated articles, people clearly didn't bother to search before they create these articles. 2001:8003:9008:1301:8581:BFF9:1757:DF9 (talk) 12:33, 9 July 2020 (UTC) 1. Support both - stubs for larger prehistoric landmasses, which should be merged. Johnbod (talk) 17:19, 9 July 2020 (UTC) 1. Support As noted by the IP above, both Sahul (continent) and Sunda (landmass) (created as Sunda (continent)) are both recently created duplicates of the existing article topics. CMD (talk) 17:33, 9 July 2020 (UTC) 1. Support per nomination. 220.127.116.11 (talk) 02:47, 11 July 2020...
In some countries, such as Brazil, Oceania is regarded as a continent in the sense of "one of the parts of the world", and the concept of Australia as a continent does not exist. Some geographers group the Australian continental plate with other islands in the Pacific into one "quasi-continent" called Oceania.
- Suggested Change of Article Name
- Similarities to Africa
- This Continent Includes NZ in All Theories Listed in The "Continent" Article
- Population – Note Not Working
- The Map Needs fixing?
- Comparative Continental Size
- Still Wrong?
- This Article Is Stupid
The scope of this article is good but I think there are better names for it. There is much debate above about the Australia-only vs Australia-New Guinea basis for the continent. Good points have been raised by JackofOz and others and while I think they are ultimately red herrings, they have been dismissed with arguments that don’t stand up. There are several different meanings of the words continent and continental. One is a continuous landmass or mainland, a second is all the lands and islands on a continental shelf and a third includes associated oceanic islands not on the shelf. Taking Europe for example, the “Continent” or “continental Europe” is only the mainland, the 2nd definition includes islands on the shelf like the British Isles and the 3rd includes oceanic islands like Iceland. In the case of Australia, the first and most common meaning is the Australian mainland. To dismiss this as pedagogic simplification is (ironically) an oversimplification, if not actually wrong. So...
If one were to rotate (to the right) Australia so it would be on its side, it would look a lot like Africa. Is this pure coincidence? Either way, I think this should be mentioned in the article. Montgomery' 39 (talk) 17:01, 9 April 2009 (UTC) 1. If you dress a white Australian in lederhosen then he will look Bavarian. I think this should be mentioned in the article. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 18.104.22.168 (talk) 05:40, 9 April 2010 (UTC)
While this article states that the Australian doesn't include NZ, the continent article list NZ as part of Australia/Australasia/Oceania/[Insert your name here] in every of the 5, 6 or 7 continents theory. Therefore, this article is inconsistant with the main one. Just look at this image :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Continental_models.gif --zorxd (talk) 15:55, 25 June 2009 (UTC) 1. I agree they are inconsistent. I think this one is more sensible. Are there any sources we can cite that group Hawaii as part of the Australian continent? -- Avenue (talk) 09:05, 30 November 2009 (UTC) 1. 1.1. Why is this article more sensible? What continent would you place New Zealand on, then? There is no widely taught, widely accepted continent model that divides the world into more than 7 continents, hence New Zealand and the pacific islands are part of the Australian continent by common convention, even if they are geologically or even geographically separate. Saying on this page New Zealand i...
What is the population figure 29 million in the summary box based on? The note was not working when I tried to click it. The country Australia have barely 22 million, so where are the other 7 million? Mårten Berglund (talk) 12:03, 30 June 2009 (UTC) 1. That is a cref missing a cnote, so there are no references. However, as stated in the article, Tasmania (~500.000) and New Guinea (~7.5 million) are part of the continent. --Addingrefs ( talk | contribs) 14:42, 30 June 2009 (UTC) Must change the map so that it does not include Papua New Guinea. Nathan.tang (talk) 12:14, 10 August 2009 (UTC)
Isn't this now called Oceania? 22.214.171.124 (talk) 00:27, 5 January 2010 (UTC) 1. Nope. Please see the endless discussions above, esp.: "For Oceania the article states The primary use of the term Oceania is to describe a macrogeographical region that lies between Asia and the Americas, with the Australian continent as the major landmass and consisting of some 25,000 islands in the Pacific. The name Oceania is used because, unlike the other regional groupings, it is the ocean and adjacent seas rather than a continent that link the lands together."--Gergyl (talk) 03:02, 11 January 2010 (UTC) 1. I agree with 126.96.36.199 because I know the "Australian" continent as Oceania to distinguish it from the isolated island of Australia. Our article does say that Oceania is sometimes used to denote the continent, so I don't see why the Australia (continent) article title couldn't be changed to this. I suppose usage varies to such an extent that we are unlikely ever to agree. The OED defines Oce...
This page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continent has this map http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Continental_models.gif which shows New Zealand and other islands as a part of the Australia continent, but this article has this map http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Australia-New_Guinea_(orthographic_projection).svg which doesn't. Furthermore, this page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zealandia_(continent) says New Zealand is pretty much it's own continent, yet that page also only lists 7 continents, and NZ isn't colored in on the Australia continent map. So does this mean that NZ isn't a part of a continent, but that's OK, because we don't decide the continents in such a way that every part of the planet gets to be a part of a continent? But then why does that article say there's a New Zealandia continent? And if it's not a part of the Australia continent, wouldn't that mean the continental models gif needs to be changed? I'm so confused. byelf2007 (talk) 5 July 2011 1. There has never ac...
The article says that Australia is the 'smallest continent', then only a paragraph later mentioned Zealandia, which is about half Australia's size (albeit mostly drowned). It can't be both the smallest yet larger than another continent - this needs some well-chosen qualifiers, please. I am hesitant to go after the introduction with a blue pencil myself, but will if needed. Corgi (talk) 18:50, 7 September 2011 (UTC) 1. Zealandia is a partially submerged continental fragment, which is not a continent as it is generally understood. Cornellbob (talk) 22:40, 11 January 2012 (UTC) 1. smallest of the seven continents taught in elementary school. — kwami (talk) 19:37, 25 May 2012 (UTC)
Australia doesn't include the other islands, it is a country. This has been mentioned many times. When is it going to be corrected by someone that has been working on the article? This article contains serious misinformation and should be corrected soon.--188.8.131.52 (talk) 04:36, 5 February 2012 (UTC) 1. Country is at Australia. CMD (talk) 11:33, 5 February 2012 (UTC) Technically speaking you are right. Australia is a country in the continent called Oceania. Unfortunately, some people tend to be slightly sloppy and mix terminologies. Therefore, one has to decide if Wikipedia should stick to incorrect but common use of the word "Australia" in the English language (in other languages, this mistake does not seem so frequent) or to the technicalities. From my point of view, as an encyclopedia, not a dictionary, it should always choose science, especially in titles, and mention semantic issues in a special subsection. To conclude, I believe "Australia (continent)" should be merged wit...
PNG is not part of the Australian continent!!! — Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 23:03, 7 June 2012 (UTC) 1. Depends on how you define the Australian continent. Since the entire island of New Guinea is connected to the Australian mainland by a shared continental shelf, it is part of the continent of Australia by that definition. In fact, in times of lower sea levels the two would be a continuous land mass. --Khajidha (talk) 09:07, 8 June 2012 (UTC)
An image such as this one: would help clarify things. A picture is worth ... a dozen words, at least. Btw, I agree with μηδείς ('Sahul', above). ~Eric F — Preceding unsigned comment added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 23:59, 3 November 2012 (UTC)
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