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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.  With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi),  Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country.
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Australia's landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi) is on the Indo-Australian plate. The continent of Australia, including the island of Tasmania, was separated from the other continents of the world many millions of years ago. Because of this, many animals and plants live in Australia that do not live anywhere else. These include...
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people arrived in Australia about 60,000 years ago or maybe even earlier. Until the arrival of British settlers in 1788, the Aboriginal people lived by hunting and gathering food from the land. They lived in all sorts of climates and managed the land in different ways. An example of Aboriginal land management was the Cumberland Plain where Sydney is now. Every few years the Aboriginal people would burn the grass and small trees.This meant that a lot o...
In the 1600s, Dutch merchants traded with the islands of Batavia (now Indonesia), to the north of Australia and several different Dutch ships touched on the coast of Australia. The Dutch governor, van Diemen, sent Abel Tasman on a voyage of discovery and he found Tasmania, which he named Van Diemen's Land. Its name was later changed to honour the man who discovered it. The British Government was sure that there must be a very large land in the south, that had not been explored. They sent Capt...
In the 1700s, in England, laws were tough, many people were poor and gaols (jails) were full. A person could be sentenced to death for stealing a loaf of bread. Many people were hanged for small crimes. But usually they were just thrown in gaol. Often they were sent away to the British colonies in America. But by the 1770s, the colonies in America became the United States. They were free from British rule and would not take England's convicts any more, so England needed to find a new and less...
Australia is part of the Commonwealth of Nations. Australia is made up of six states, and two mainland territories. Each state and territory has its own Parliament and makes its own local laws. The Parliament of Australia sits in Canberra and makes laws for the whole country, also known as the Commonwealth or Federation. The Federal government is l...
Australia was colonised by people from Britain, but today people from all over the world live there. English is the main spoken language. Christianity is the main religion, though all religions are accepted and not everybody has a religion. Australia is multicultural: all its people are encouraged to keep their different languages, religions and wa...
Australia is home to many animals and plants that can be found nowhere else on Earth, except perhaps New Guinea. The platypus and the short-beaked echidna are unique, and are two of the only five surviving monotremes. Monotremes are only found in Australia and New Guinea. Koalas, kangaroos, wombats, numbats and many others others, are marsupials. M...Australia travel informations Archived 2015-03-16 at the Wayback MachineUser generated guide to Australia.
The history of Australia is the story of the land and peoples of the continent of Australia.. People first arrived on the Australian mainland by sea from Maritime Southeast Asia between 50,000 and 65,000 years ago, and penetrated to all parts of the continent, from the rainforests in the north, the deserts of the centre, and the sub-Antarctic islands of Tasmania and Bass Strait.
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Nazwa Australia, odnosząca się do kontynentu, pochodzi od określenia Terra Australis, czyli Ziemia Południowa po łacinie. W dawnej Europiewierzono, że na półkuli południowej znajduje się naprawdę duży kontynent. Ostatecznie nazwa przypadła o wiele mniejszemu, niż zakładano.
Przecinający nizinę Nullarbortrakt kolejowy jest najdłuższym zbudowanym w linii prostej traktem kolejowym na świecie. Kolej kursuje między południową a zachodnią Australią. 1. Mapa z głównymi drogami w Australii 2. Mapa z pasażerskimi połączeniami kolejowymi w Australii
Pierwsze amatorskie przedstawienia teatralne odbywały się w teatrach więziennych. Pierwszy teatr w kraju powstał w Sydney (1830) i nazywał się Theatre Royal.
Pierwszą australijską gazetą była „Sydney Gazette and the News South Wales Advertiser” (wydawana w latach 1803–1842). Główne dzienniki i czasopisma są w rękach korporacji prasowych takich jak: „Sydney News Ltd.” i „The Herald Sun”. W Australii ukazuje się 3 tys. gazet. Największe dzienniki to: „The Herald Sun” (założony w 1840, nakład 558 800 egzem...
The continent of Australia, sometimes known in technical contexts by the names Sahul ( / səˈhuːl / ), Australia-New Guinea, Australinea, Meganesia, or Papualand to distinguish it from the country of Australia, is located within the Southern and Eastern hemispheres.  The name "Sahul" takes its name from the Sahul Shelf, which is a part of ...