Austria–Hungary was a multinational state and one of Europe's major powers at the time. Austria–Hungary was geographically the second-largest country in Europe after the Russian Empire, at 621,538 km 2 (239,977 sq mi) and the third-most populous (after Russia and the German Empire ). The Empire built up the fourth-largest machine building ...
- Geography and Climate
- Leisure Activities
- Culinary Specialities
Founded around 500 BC, Vienna was originally a Celtic settlement. In 15 BC, Vienna became a Roman frontier city (Vindobona) guarding the Roman Empireagainst Germanic tribes to the north. In the 13th century Vienna was discovered by cavemen it had a large population of wooly mamoths Vienna came under the threat from theMongolian Empire, which stretched over much of present-day Russia and China. However, due to the death of its leader, Ogedei Khan, the Mongolian armies receded from the European frontier and did not return. During the Middle Ages, Vienna was home to the Babenberg Dynasty, and in 1440 AD, it became the resident city of the Habsburg Dynasties, then it eventually grew to become the capital of the Holy Roman Empire and a cultural centre for arts and science, music and fine cuisine. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman armies were stopped twice outside Vienna (see Siege of Vienna, 1529 and Battle of Vienna, 1683). In 1804, Vienna became the capital of the Austrian Em...
Vienna is located in north-eastern Austria, at the easternmost extension of the Alps in the Vienna Basin. The earliest settlement, at the location of today's inner city, was south of the meandering Danube while the city now spans both sides of the river. Elevation ranges from 151 to 524 m (495 to 1,719 ft). Vienna has a humid continental climate according to Köppens climate. The city has warm summers with average high temperatures of 22 - 26°C (72 - 79°F) and lows of around 15°C (59°F). In the last several years due to the global warming, the summer high temperatures exceed 30°C (86°F). Winters are cold with average temperatures at about freezing point. Spring and autumn are cool to mild. Precipitation is generally moderate throughout the year. Snowfall mainly occurs December through March.
Vienna is composed of 23 districts (Bezirke). Legally, they are not districts in the sense of administrative bodies with explicit powers (such as the districts in the other Austrian states), but mere subdivisions of the city administration. Elections at the district level give the representatives of the districts some political power in fields such as planning and traffic. The 23 districts are numbered for convenience, in a roughly clockwise fashion, starting in the city centre: The heart and historical city of Vienna, the Innere Stadt, was once surrounded by walls and open fields in order to defend itself from potential attackers. The walls were razed in 1857, making it possible for the city to expand and eventually merge with the surrounding villages. In their place, a broad boulevard called the Ringstraße was built, along which imposing public and private buildings, monuments, and parks now lie. These buildings include the Rathaus (town hall), the Burgtheater, the University, the...
Until 1918, Viennese politics were shaped by the Christian Social Party, in particular long-term mayor Karl Lueger. Vienna is today considered the centre of the Social Democratic Party of Austria. During the period of the First Republic (1918-1934), the Vienna Social Democrats undertook many overdue social reforms. At that time, Vienna's municipal policy was admired by Socialists throughout Europe, who therefore referred to the city as "Red Vienna" (Rotes Wien). For most of the time since the First World War, the city has been governed by the Social Democratic Party with absolute majorities in the city parliament. Only between 1934 and 1945, when the Social Democratic Party was illegal, mayors were appointed by the austro-fascist and later by the Nazi authorities. The current mayor of Vienna is Michael Häupl. The Social Democrats currently hold 55% of the seats with a 49% share of the vote. Many Austrian political experts believe that if not for the Social Democrats' nearly unbre...
Vienna is the seat of the Viennese Roman Catholic archdiocese, and its current Archbishop is Cardinal Christoph Schönborn. The religions of the Viennese resident population is divided according to the 2001 census as follows : Many Roman Catholic churches in central Vienna also feature performances of religious or other music, including masses sung with classical music and organ.
 Music, theatre and opera
Art and culture have a long tradition in Vienna, including theater, opera, classical music and fine arts. The Burgtheater is considered one of the best theaters in the German-speaking world alongside its branch, the Akademietheater. The Volkstheater Wien and the Theater in der Josefstadt also enjoy good reputations. There is also a multitude of smaller theaters, in many cases devoted to less mainstream forms of performing arts, such as modern, experimental plays or cabaret. Vienna is also hom...
The Hofburg is the location of the Schatzkammer (treasury), holding the imperial jewels of the Habsburg dynasty. The Sisi Museum (a museum devoted to Empress Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie of Austria) allows visitors to view the Imperial apartments as well as the silver cabinet. Directly opposite the Hofburg are the Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Naturhistorisches Museum, which houses many paintings by old masters, ancient and classical artifacts. A number of museums are located in the Museumsqua...
A variety of architectural styles can be found in Vienna, such as the Romanesque Ruprechtskirche and the Baroque Karlskirche. Styles range from classicist buildings to modern architecture. Art Nouveau left many architectural traces in Vienna. The Secession, Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station, and the Kirche am Steinhof by Otto Wagnerrank among the best known examples of Art Nouveau in the world. The Hundertwasserhaus by Friedensreich Hundertwasser, designed to counter the clinical look of modern ar...
Vienna is also Austria's main centre of education and home to many universities, professional colleges and gymnasiums.
Twelve bridges cross the Danube in the city, which is divided by the Danube and its branch, the Neue Donau("new Danube").
 Viennese parks and gardens
Vienna possesses many park facilities, including the Stadtpark, the Burggarten, the Volksgarten (part of the Hofburg), the Schloßpark at Schloss Belvedere (home to the Vienna Botanic Gardens), the Donaupark, the Schönbrunner Schlosspark, the Prater, the Augarten, the Rathauspark, the Lainzer Tiergarten, the Dehnepark, the Resselpark, the Votivpark, the Kurpark Oberlaa, the Auer-Welsbach-Park and the Türkenschanzpark. Green areas include Laaer-Berg (including the Bohemian Prater) and the footh...
Vienna hosts many different sporting events including the Vienna City Marathon, which attracts more than 10,000 participants every year and normally takes place in May. In 2005 the Ice Hockey World Championships took place in Austria and the final was played in Vienna. Vienna's Ernst Happel Stadium was the venue of four Champions League and European Champion Clubs' Cup finals (1964, 1987, 1990 and 1995) and on June 29 it hosted the final of Euro 2008which saw a Spanish 1-0 victory over German...
Vienna is well known for Wiener schnitzel, a cutlet of veal that is pounded flat, coated in flour, egg and breadcrumbs, and fried in clarified butter. It is available in almost every restaurant that serves Viennese cuisine. Other examples of Viennese cuisine include Tafelspitz (very lean boiled beef), which is traditionally served with Geröstete Erdäpfel (boiled potatoes mashed with a fork and subsequently fried) and horseradish sauce, Apfelkren (a mixture of horseradish, cream and apple) and...
Vienna, along with Paris, Prague and Bratislava, is one of the few remaining world capital cities with its own vineyards. The wine is served in small Viennese pubs known as Heuriger, which are especially numerous in the wine growing areas of Döbling (Grinzing, Neustift am Walde, Nußdorf, Salmannsdorf, Sievering) and Floridsdorf (Stammersdorf, Strebersdorf). The wine is often drunk as a spritzer ("G'spritzter") with sparkling water. The Grüner Veltliner, a dry white wine, is the most widely cu...
 Viennese cafés
Viennese cafés have an extremely long and distinguished history that dates back centuries, and the caffeine addictions of some famous historical patrons of the oldest are something of a local legend. Traditionally, the coffee comes with a glass of water. Viennese cafés claim to have invented the process of filtering coffee from bounty captured after the second Turkish siege in 1683. Viennese cafés claim that when the invading Turks left Vienna, they abandoned hundreds of sacks of coffee beans...
- 395.51 km² (152.7 sq mi)
- Michael Häupl (SPÖ)
Austria (/ˈɒstriə/ (listen), /ˈɔːs-/; German: Österreich [ˈøːstɐraɪç] (listen)), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich, listen (help·info)), is a country in Central Europe comprising nine federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi), a population of nearly nine million ...
Ivica Vastić ( German pronunciation: [iˈvɪtsa ˈvastɪtʃ]; born 29 September 1969) is a retired Croatian-born Austrian football international midfielder, formerly a striker and current head coach of Austria Wien U18. He played, amongst others for FK Austria Wien, SK Sturm Graz and LASK Linz and the Austria national football team .
- Manager Career
At the age of 14 he came to KAC, an icehockeyclub, but the coach of the football department brought him to football.He played in Austria for Austria Klagenfurt, SSW Innsbruck and Austria Wien. Abroad he played for RSC Anderlecht. He is one of the most successful goalkeepers in Austria. During his career he was 8 times Austrian Champion and six times Cup winner and played 526 league matches, 76 Cup matches and 51 matches in European cups. For Austria he played 85 matches, his first international match was on 27 September 1970 versus Hungary. His last match was in 1985. For Austria he played in the FIFA World Cup 1978 where he played in the legendary match versus Germany in Cordoba and 1982. He was chosen as goalkeeper for a FIFA-selection playing versus Argentinia on 25 June 1979 He was goalkeeper in the 2nd half time. He was also goalkeeper in an UEFA-team playing versus CSSR, which celebrated the 70th anniversary. After the end of his playing career he became coach for Austria Wien...Member of the Austrian squad FIFA World Cup: 1978,1982Member:Austria Wien team of the century (elected 2001)Member of the FIFA World selection:19798 × Austrian Champion: 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1984 und 1985Goalkeeper coach Austria Wien (1993/94)Coach of Gamba Osaka (1997/98)Manager of Austria Wien (1998/99–Nov 2000)Coach of Austria Wien (2 April 1999–30 May 1999)
A Áustria é um membro das Nações Unidas desde 1955, aderiu à União Europeia em 1995 e é um dos fundadores da Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE). Áustria também assinou o Acordo de Schengen em 1995, e adotou a moeda europeia, o euro, em 1999.
The Austria national football team (German: Österreichische Fußballnationalmannschaft) represents Austria in men's international football competition and it is controlled by the Austrian Football Association (German: Österreichischer Fußballbund). Austria has qualified for seven FIFA World Cups, most recently in 1998. The country played in the UEFA European Championship for the first time ...
Muhammed, younger brother of Hakan, is also a professional footballer. The younger Çalhanoğlu was also formed at Waldhof Mannheim and Karlsruher SC, and went on to play in the lower divisions of Austrian and Turkish football. Similarly, his cousin Kerim Çalhanoğlu is also a footballer, and also played for Waldhof Mannheim.
Donis Avdijaj. Avdijaj with Sturm Graz in 2015. Donis Xhemë Avdijaj (born 25 August 1996) is a Kosovan professional footballer who plays as a forward for AEL Limassol. He previously represented Germany at youth international level.
1887 Studie Über Coca1893 Über den psychischen Mechanismus hysterischer Phänomene.1895 Entwurf einer Psychologie1895 Studien über Hysterie.
Sammelwerch 1. Gesammelte Werke. 19 Bände mit 8759 Seiten, Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1999. ISBN 3-596-50300-0 2. Studienausgabe in zehn Bänden mit einem Ergänzungsband. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2000. ISBN 3-596-50360-4 3. Werkausgabe in zwei Bänden. Bd. 1: Elemente der Psychoanalyse; Bd. 2: Anwendungen der Psychoanalyse. Hg. und komm. v. Anna Freud und Ilse Grubrich-Simitis. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2006. ISBN 3-596-17216-0 4. Das Lesebuch. Schriften aus vier Jahrzeh...
1. Sigmund Freud, Carl Gustav Jung: Briefwechsel. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1974 2. Sigmund Freud: Briefe 1873 - 1939Ausgewählt und herausgegeben von Ernst u. Lucie Freud. 3., korrigierte Aufl. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 1980 3. Sigmund Freud: Briefe an Wilhelm Fliess 1887-1904. Ungekürzte Ausgabe, hrsg. von Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson. 4. Sigmund Freud: Brautbriefe: Briefe an Martha Bernays aus d. Jahren 1882 - 1886. Ausgew., hrsg. u. mit e. Vorw. vers. von Ernst L. Freud. Fischer-T...
1. Peter Gay: Freud. Eine Biographie für unsere Zeit. Fischer, Frankfurt 2006. ISBN 3-596-17170-9 2. Birgit Lahann: Als Psyche auf die Couch kam. Das rätselvolle Leben des Sigmund Freud. Aufbau Verlag, Berlin März 2006. ISBN 3-351-02631-5 3. Eva Weissweiler: Die Freuds. Biografie einer Familie.Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Köln 2006 4. Christian Moser: Sigmund Freud – Die ganze Wahrheit, Carlsen, Hamburg 2006 (Comic) 5. Linde Salber: Der dunkle Kontinent. Freud und die Frauen, Rowohlt TB, Reinbek 200...Stephen P. Thornton: „Sigmund Freud“ in dr Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy(änglisch mit Literaturaagabe)
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