Austria occupies an area of 83,879 km 2 (32,386 sq mi) and has a population of nearly 9 million people. While German is the country's official language, many Austrians communicate informally in a variety of Bavarian dialects. Austria initially emerged as a margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and archduchy.
Austria was the Austrian Empire from about 800 to 1867 and was ruled by The House of Habsburg for most of that period. Between 1867 and 1918 it was a part of Austria-Hungary . Then it became a republic .
The history of Austria covers the history of Austria and its predecessor states, from the early Stone Age to the present state. The name Ostarrîchi (Austria) has been in use since 996 AD when it was a margravate of the Duchy of Bavaria and from 1156 an independent duchy (later archduchy) of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (Heiliges Römisches Reich 962–1806).
Introducing Austria: a short history. Riverside, Calif.: Ariadne Press. ISBN 978-0-929497-03-7 Rathkolb, Oliver. The Paradoxical Republic: Austria, 1945–2005 (Berghahn Books; 2010, 301 pages). Translation of 2005 study of paradoxical aspects of Austria's political culture and society. Schulze, Hagen (1996).
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Austria (German: Österreich), sarkari taur se "Republic of Austria", madhya Europe ke ek des hae. Austria ke parrosi des hae Germany, Czechia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, aur Liechtenstein. Abhi Austria ke chancellor Werner Faymann hae. 1995 se Austria European Union ke sadasya hae.
- "Land der Berge, Land am Strome"
Geography. With a land area of 19,186 km 2 (7,408 sq mi) situated east of Upper Austria, Lower Austria is the country's largest state.Lower Austria derives its name from its downriver location on the Enns River which flows from the west to the east.
Austria a participat, împreună cu Prusia și cu Rusia, la prima și a treia împărțire a Poloniei (în 1772 și 1795). Austria s-a implicat apoi într-un război cu Franța revoluționară, la început fără succes, cu înfrângeri succesive în fața lui Napoleon, înfrângeri ce au dus la sfârșitul vechiului Sfânt Imperiu Roman în
Tyrol was a Cisleithanian Kronland (royal territory) of Austria-Hungary from 1867. The County of Tyrol then extended beyond the boundaries of today's state, including North Tyrol and East Tyrol; South Tyrol and Trentino ( Welschtirol ) as well as three municipalities, which today are part of the adjacent Province of Belluno.