The Austronesian languages (/ ˌ ɒ s t r oʊ ˈ n iː ʒ ən /, / ˌ ɒ s t r ə /, / ˌ ɔː s t r oʊ-/, / ˌ ɔː s t r ə-/) are a language family, widely spoken throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar, the islands of the Pacific Ocean and Taiwan (by Taiwanese aborigines).
The Austronesian languages are a language family. They were originally spoken in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. List of Austronesian languages. Anus; Indonesian; Fijian; Hawaiian; Javanese; Malay; Māori; Tagalog; Tuvaluan
Tagalog vocabulary is composed mostly of words of native Austronesian origin - most of the words that end with the diphthongs-iw, (e.g. saliw) and those words that exhibit reduplication (e.g. halo-halo, patpat, etc.). However it has a significant number of Spanish loanwords. Spanish is the language that has bequeathed the most loanwords to Tagalog.
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It is spoken today by about 386 million people (4.9% of the global population), making it the fifth-largest language family by number of speakers. Major Austronesian languages with the highest number of speakers are Malay (Indonesian and Malaysian), Javanese, and Filipino . The family contains 1,257 languages, which is the second most of any language family.
- c. 260.6 million (2016)
- c. 855,000 (2006)
- c. 24 million (2016)
- c. 100.9 million (2015)
Austronesian can refer to: Austronesian languages , a language family widely spoken throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar, the islands of the Pacific Ocean and Taiwan. Austronesian peoples or Austronesian-speaking peoples, a large group of various peoples that speak the Austronesian languages.
The term can include both Tasmanian languages and the Western Torres Strait language, but the genetic relationship to the mainland Australian languages of the former is unknown, while that of the latter is Pama–Nyungan, though it shares features with the neighbouring Papuan, Eastern Trans-Fly languages, in particular Meriam Mir of the Torres ...
pronoun systems of Formosan languages Fossilized affixes in Austronesian languages Proto - Austronesian language Tsou language for an example of the unusual pho
Major languages. Major Austronesian languages include Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Hiligaynon, Bicol, Waray-Waray, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan of the Philippines; Malay, Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese, Minangkabau, the Batak languages, Acehnese, Balinese, and Buginese of western Indonesia; and Malagasy of Madagascar. Each of these languages has more than one million speakers.
The following table contains the top 100 languages by estimated number of native speakers in the 2007 edition of the Swedish encyclopedia Nationalencyklopedin.As census methods in different countries vary to a considerable extent, and given that some countries do not record language in their censuses, any list of languages by native speakers, or total speakers, is effectively based on estimates.