en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baden-Württemberg#:~:text=Baden-Württemberg is formed from the historical territories of,limes (fortified boundary zone) along its northern borders.
- Baden-Württemberg is formed from the historical territories of Baden, Prussian Hohenzollern, and Württemberg. In 100 AD, the Roman Empire invaded and occupied Württemberg, constructing a limes (fortified boundary zone) along its northern borders.
The history of Baden-Württemberg covers the area included in the historical state of Baden, the former Prussian Hohenzollern, and Württemberg, part of the region of Swabia since the 9th century. In the 1st century AD, Württemberg was occupied by the Romans, who defended their control of the territory by constructing a limes. Early in the 3rd century, the Alemanni drove the Romans beyond the Rhine and the Danube, but they in turn succumbed to the Franks under Clovis I, the decisive battle ...
Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the southern sector of Germany's western border with France. With 11 million inhabitants across a total area of 35,751 km2, it is the third-largest German state by both area and population. Baden-Württemberg is a parliamentary republic and partly-sovereign federated state. It was formed in 1952 by the merger of Württemberg-Baden, South Baden, and Württemberg-Hohenzollern. The largest city in Baden ...
Baden-Württemberg (German pronunciation: [ˈbaːdən ˈvʏɐ̯təmˌbɛɐ̯k]) is ane o the 16 states o Germany. Baden-Württemberg is in the soothwastren pairt o the kintra tae the east o the Upper Rhine , an is the third lairgest in baith aurie an population o Germany's saxteen states, wi an aurie o 35,742 square kilometres (13,800 sq mi) an 10.7 million indwallers. 
Württemberg-Baden was a state of the Federal Republic of Germany. It was created in 1945 by the United States occupation forces, after the previous states of Baden and Württemberg had been split up between the US and French occupation zones. Its capital was Stuttgart. In 1952, Württemberg-Baden merged with Württemberg-Hohenzollern and Baden into the present state of Baden-Württemberg.
- Post-World War II
History. The coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg was determined after the merging of the former German states Baden, Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern, that were divided due to different occupying forces after World War II, in 1952. The creation of the state was not without controversies and thus only the state colours black and ...
Baden-Württemberg [ ˌbaːdn̩ˈvʏrtəmbɛrk] (Abkürzung BW; Amtlich: Land Baden-Württemberg) ist eine parlamentarische Republik und ein teilsouveräner Gliedstaat (Land) im Südwesten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Er wurde 1952 durch Zusammenschluss der Länder Württemberg-Baden, Baden und Württemberg-Hohenzollern gegründet.
Find sources: "Oos, Baden-Württemberg" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (November 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Oos has been a district of Baden-Baden (Germany) since 1928 and has a population of 7207. Its name is derived from the river Oos, which runs through Baden-Baden.
- Early History
- The Early Middle Ages
- The High Middle Ages
- The Early Modern Period and Reformation
- The 18th Century
- The French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars
- The 19th Century
- The 20th Century
Baden is the area of present-day southwestern Germany. Although its borders have changed over time, when it was part of the German empire from 1871-1918(These years are important to family history research as the FamilySearch Catalogs German records according to the boundaries as they existed at this time.), it was bordered on the south by the Rhine, on the northwest by The Palatinate, on the north by Hesse-Darmstadt and Bavaria, on the east by Württemberg, and the southeast by Hohenzollern and Lake Constance. Click here to see a map of Baden.
The earliest inhabitants of the area, from approximately the 4th century BC, were Celtic tribes. Although these tribes left little in the way of influence, the name of one of these tribes, the Helvetii, has become a by-name of Switzerland. By the 2nd century BC, Germanic tribes moved into the area, as did the Romans, who included the area of Baden in their province of Germania Superior. The name Baden, however, does not appear at this time. Conflict between the Romans and Germanic tribes raged for centuries, causing the Romans to build a defensive barrier at the outermost limits of the Empire. This construction, known as the Limes Germanicus (Latin for ‘limit’), stretched from the Danube to the Rhine and included almost all of Baden. The Germans of this time were loosely confederated groups at best, and sometimes totally independent of each other. One such confederacy was that of the Allemanni, which has given its name to Germany in French, Spanish, and Portuguese. However, it seems...
Sometime around AD 500 the Franks under Clovis I defeated the Allemanni at the Battle of Tolbiac, which is usually identified as Zülpich, North Rhine-Westphalia. This defeat at the hands of the Franks placed the Allemanni, and the northern part of Baden, under Frankish hegemony. As a result of his victory at Tolbiac, Clovis converted from paganism to Catholicism (instead of to Arian Christianity, as were most of the other Germanic kings, if they were Christian). His conversion helped to ensure the growth of Catholicism in Germany and engendered an amicable relationship between the Frankish kingdom and the Church of Rome. In time, Baden became part of the Carolingian and Holy Roman Empires.
By the 12th century, various counts ruled Baden. In 1098 Berthold II had assumed the title Duke of Zähringen. In 1112 the title of Margrave of Baden was first used. The House of Zähringenbecame the dominant family in Baden for about a century, when the main line died out in 1218 and much of its territory reverted to the crown. The House of Baden-Baden became ascendant and one of the most important and powerful families in Baden. However, various branches of the family vied for power and territory, including Baden-Hochberg and Baden-Sausenberg.
In 1462, Margrave Charles I of Baden-Baden began a war with Elector Frederick I of the Rhine, which he lost and which resulted in the loss of some territory. However, his son and successor, Christophe I of Baden, restored what had been lost. In 1503 the Baden-Sausenberg died out and all of Baden was united under Christophe. Unfortunately, he divided Baden among his three sons before he died in 1527. In 1533, one of the sons died childless and his territory was divided among his two brothers, Bernard and Ernest. These two lines of the family were known as Baden-Baden and Baden-Pforzheim, the latter of which was called Baden-Durlach after 1565. This division caused rivalry and ultimately open warfare between the two branches. The Reformation caused tremendous upheaval in Baden. Some of the ruling families remained Catholic, while others became Protestant. To a large degree, the northern part of Baden became Protestant, while the south remained Catholic. By the early 17th century, much...
The situation at the advent of the 18th century looked very bleak for Baden. But all that changed in 1738 when Charles Fredericksucceeded his grandfather as Margrave of Baden-Durlach. He ruled, however, only from 1746, when he came of age. In 1771, he inherited Baden-Baden when that line died out. At this time, Baden was reunited. Charles changed society enormously. He supported schools, universities, civil service, the economy, culture and urban development. He outlawed some of the more unpleasant aspects of European culture of the time, torture and serfdom. In 1803, Charles became elector of Baden and in 1806 first Grand Duke of Baden. He also made some territorial acquisitions: the Bishoprics of Constance, Strassburg, Speyer, Breisgau and Ortenau.
The promise of the reign of Charles came to a halt with the French Revolution. Baden initially joined forces against France but was invaded and devastated once again. It was also forced to give up territory on the left bank of the Rhine. In 1805 Baden switched allegiances and fought on the side of France. In 1806 Baden became a Grand Duchy and joined the Confederation of the Rhine which was a confederation of 16 German states created by Napoleon. Later, more states joined, resulting in French control over a large area of German territory with over 15 million subjects. Only a few German states remained outside the confederation, i.e. Austria, Prussia, Holstein, and Pomerania. The departure of these states from the Holy Roman Empire led to its demise. Since the confederation lay to the east of France, it created a buffer between France and its enemies, most notably Austria and Prussia. Most importantly, however, was the fact that the German states provided much-needed military support...
At the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 Baden joined the newly-formed German Confederation. This confederation was created for several reasons, not the least of which was to provide a buffer against French expansion to the east. Unfortunately, the confederation was too weak to achieve real German unity and dissolved with the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. The Revolutions of 1848 had an impact all over the German area. Baden had had a liberal constitution from 1811, but the constitution was revoked in 1830. Leopold of Baden became Grand Duke in 1830. He brought in liberal reforms in many areas of society. This liberalism set the stage for the revolution in 1848, which began in Paris. Baden was the first German state to be affected by the revolution, notwithstanding its already liberal society. Peasants took to the streets and even burned some aristocrats’ homes. A convention in Mannheim demanded a bill of rights. The movement continued to gain strength, with demands being made...
The First World War caused tremendous upheaval in Germany. On 9 November, 1918 the German Kaiser abdicated, ending the German Empire, which, after the German Revolution was replaced by the weak Weimar Republic. Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden, abdicated on 22 November, 1918, thus ending any royal governance of Baden. The Republic of Baden was a constituent state in the Weimar Republic. During the Nazi period, Baden, as with all other states, was abolished, and replaced by a Gau. In 1940, The Gau of Baden absorbed much of Alsace and the new Gau was renamed “Baden-Elsass.” The post-war years saw significant changes for Baden. Initially, the three major allied powers agreed to occupy Germany according to zones. France was not to receive a zone, but de Gaulle argued for a French zone and the Americans and British relented, with the French zone being cut out from their areas. Therefore, the Soviet zone was actually one-third, instead of one-fourth, of the size of post-war Germany. Bade...
History Hardt was first mentioned in 1416 as "Hard", a property in the township of Mariazell and of the House of Falkenstein [ de ] ,  who governed from Schramberg . Schramberg was dissolved by the process of German mediatization in 1806 and its territories were awarded to the Kingdom of Württemberg .