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  1. Slavs - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Slavs

    2 days ago · Slavs are a European ethno-linguistic group of people who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group of the Indo-European languages.They are native to Eurasia, stretching from Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe all the way north and eastwards to Northeast Europe, Northern Asia and Central Asia (especially Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan), as well as ...

  2. Slavic vocabulary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Slavic_vocabulary

    5 days ago · Look up Appendix:Swadesh lists for Slavic languages in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The following list is a comparison of basic Proto- Slavic vocabulary and the corresponding reflexes in the modern languages, for assistance in understanding the discussion in Proto-Slavic and History of the Slavic languages .

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  4. Indo-European languages - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Indo-European_languages

    5 days ago · There are about 445 living Indo-European languages, according to the estimate by Ethnologue, with over two thirds (313) of them belonging to the Indo-Iranian branch. All Indo-European languages have descended from a single prehistoric language, reconstructed as Proto-Indo-European, spoken sometime in the Neolithic era.

    • Pre-colonial era: Eurasia, Today: Worldwide, c. 3.2 billion native speakers
    • Proto-Indo-European
  5. Slovak language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Slovencina

    Slovak (/ ˈ s l oʊ v æ k,-v ɑː k / ()) or alternatively Slovakian, is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group. Spoken by approximately 5 million people as a native language, primarily ethnic Slovaks, it serves as the official language of Slovakia and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union.

  6. Polish language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Polish_language

    2 days ago · The precursor to modern Polish is the Old Polish language.Ultimately, Polish is thought to descend from the unattested Proto-Slavic language. Polish was a lingua franca from 1500 to 1700 in Central and parts of Eastern Europe, because of the political, cultural, scientific and military influence of the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

  7. Laryngeal theory - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Laryngeals

    Laryngeal theory has been used to explain the occurrence of a reconstructed sound change is known as Holtzmann's law or sharpening (German Verschärfung) in North Germanic and East Germanic languages. The existing theory explains that PIE semivowels *y and *w were doubled to P-Gmc *-yy- and *-ww-, and that these in turn became -ddj-and -ggw ...

  8. Proto-Armenian language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Proto-Armenian

    5 days ago · Proto-Armenian is the earlier, unattested stage of the Armenian language which has been reconstructed by linguists. As Armenian is the only known language of its branch of the Indo-European languages , the comparative method cannot be used to reconstruct its earlier stages.

  9. baba - Wiktionary

    en.wiktionary.org › wiki › baba
    • English
    • Cebuano
    • French
    • Hausa
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish

    As one of the first utterances many babies are able to say, baba (like mama, papa, and dada) has come to be used in many languages as a term for various family members: 1. father: Albanian, Arabic, Western Armenian, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Greek, Marathi, Nepali, Persian, Swahili, Turkish, Yoruba, Shona, Zulu 2. grandmother: many Slavic languages (such as Bulgarian, Russian, Czech and Polish), Yiddish, Japanese 3. grandfather: Azerbaijani 4. baby: Afrikaans, Sinhala, HungarianThese ter...

    First attested in Antonio Pigafetta's Relazione del primo viaggio intorno al mondo—detailing the first circumnavigation of the world between 1519 and 1522.

    Borrowed from Polish baba, introduced in France in the eighteenth century at the court of Stanisław Leszczyński, king of Poland, duke of Lorraine and father-in-law of Louis XV.

    bā̀ba m (possessed form bā̀ban) 1. father 2. Used as a term of address for a man of appropriate age to be one's father, or who shares one's father's name.

    From the hypothesized Vulgar Latin *baba, ultimately imitative of children speech on the pattern of the repeated syllable ba.

    From the hypothesized Vulgar Latin *baba (“drooling, infantile talk”), ultimately imitative of children speech on the pattern of the repeated syllable ba.

  10. Indo-European languages - Wikidata

    www.wikidata.org › wiki › Q19860

    Apr 05, 2021 · family of several hundred related languages and dialects. This page was last edited on 5 April 2021, at 12:43. All structured data from the main, Property, Lexeme, and EntitySchema namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; text in the other namespaces is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply.

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