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  1. Indo-European languages - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Balto-Slavo-Germanic_languages

    Balto-Slavic, believed by most Indo-Europeanists to form a phylogenetic unit, while a minority ascribes similarities to prolonged language-contact. Slavic (from Proto-Slavic), attested from the 9th century AD (possibly earlier), earliest texts in Old Church Slavonic.

    • Pre-colonial era: Eurasia, Today: Worldwide, c. 3.2 billion native speakers
    • Proto-Indo-European
  2. Gaels - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Gaelic_race

    Examples can be taken from Johannes Scotus Eriugena and other figures from Hiberno-Latin culture and the Schottenkloster founded by Irish Gaels in Germanic lands. The Gaels of northern Britain referred to themselves as Albannaich in their own tongue and their realm as the Kingdom of Alba (founded as a successor kingdom to Dál Riata and Pictland).

    • 9,000 (linguistic)
    • 122,518 (linguistic)
    • 1,770,000 (linguistic)
    • 27,475 (linguistic)
  3. Germanic peoples - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Germanic_folk

    Languages in this family are widespread today in Europe, and have dispersed worldwide, the family being represented by major modern languages such as English, Dutch, Nordic languages and German. The Eastern Germanic branch of the Germanic language family, once found in what is now Poland and Ukraine, is extinct.

  4. Indo-European languages - en.wikipedia-on-ipfs.org

    en.wikipedia-on-ipfs.org › wiki › Indo-European

    Shared features with Balto-Slavic languages, on the other hand (especially present and preterit formations), might be due to later contacts. [42] The Indo-Hittite hypothesis proposes the Indo-European language family to consist of two main branches: one represented by the Anatolian languages and another branch encompassing all other Indo ...

  5. Stratum (linguistics) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Stratum_(linguistics)

    In linguistics, a stratum (Latin for "layer") or strate is a language that influences, or is influenced by another through contact.A substratum or substrate is a language that has lower power or prestige than another, while a superstratum or superstrate is the language that has higher power or prestige.

  6. Any reasons for unexplained centumization in Balto-Slavic?

    linguistics.stackexchange.com › questions › 35209

    Still, the Balto-Slavic languages share a word that does not follow that rule, in this word the PIE *ḱ changed into *k, and not to *s or *š as it would have been expected. Such a change is characteristic of the centum languages, but not the satem Balto-Slavic. The word means 'stone, rock' and it developed so:

  7. Wiki The Indo-European languages are a - Wiki – Wiki

    wiki.blogs.nethep.com › indo-european-languages

    Sep 19, 2020 · Balto-Slavic, believed by most Indo-Europeanists to form a phylogenetic unit, while a minority ascribes similarities to prolonged language-contact. Slavic (from Proto-Slavic), attested from the 9th century AD (possibly earlier), earliest texts in Old Church Slavonic.

  8. Polish cochineal - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Polish_Cochineal

    Polish cochineal (Porphyrophora polonica), also known as Polish carmine scales, is a scale insect formerly used to produce a crimson dye of the same name, colloquially known as "Saint John's blood". The larvae of P. polonica are sessile parasites living on the roots of various herbs —especially those of the perennial knawel —growing on the ...

  9. Phylogeny Reconstruction Methods in Linguistics

    www.eva.mpg.de › lingua › conference

    • For each basic meaning, assign two languages the same state if they contain cognates • Example: basic meaning ‘hand’ – English hand, German hand, – French main, Italian mano, Spanish mano – Russian ruká • Mathematically this is: – Eng. 1, Ger. 1, Fr. 2, It. 2, Sp. 2, Rus. 3

  10. Why is Sanskrit so similar to Slavic and Baltic languages ...

    www.quora.com › Why-is-Sanskrit-so-similar-to

    There are several remarkable similarities not only between Sanskrit and Baltic languages, but between Vedic gods and ancient Baltic deities. (Slavic languages are related to Sanskrit to a lesser extent than Baltic languages, so this answer will fo...

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