Bartolomeo Cristofori di Francesco (Italian pronunciation: [bartoloˈmɛːo kriˈstɔːfori di franˈtʃesko]; May 4, 1655 – January 27, 1731) was an Italian maker of musical instruments famous for inventing the piano.
In principle, the word "fortepiano" can designate any piano dating from the invention of the instrument by Bartolomeo Cristofori around 1700 up to the early 19th century. Most typically, however, it is used to refer to the late-18th to early-19th century instruments for which Haydn, Mozart, and the younger Beethoven wrote their piano music.
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At the time of its origin around the year 1700, the piano was a speculative invention, produced by the well-paid craftsman and inventor Bartolomeo Cristofori for his wealthy patron Ferdinando de Medici, Grand Prince of Florence. As such, it was an extremely expensive item.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by wooden hammers that are coated with a softer material (modern hammers are covered with dense wool felt; some early pianos used leather).
The piano action was the key new addition that Bartolomeo Cristofori created when he invented the piano in 1698. Other than in the action, the first pianos were quite similar in construction to contemporary harpsichords. With the piano, a hammer strikes the string, whereas with a harpsichord, a mechanism plucks the string.
Bartolomeo Kristofori S Vikipedije, slobodne enciklopedije Bartolomeo Kristofori di Frančesko (ital. Bartolomeo Cristofori di Francesco; Padova, 4. maj 1655 — Firenca, 27. januar 1731) je bio italijanski proizvođač muzičkih instrumenata.
Sep 06, 2019 · Bartolomeo Cristofori.jpg 600 × 830; 218 KB Britannica Pianoforte Cristofori Escapement Action.png 933 × 478; 17 KB Britannica Pianoforte Cristofori Piano e Forte 1726.png 591 × 772; 32 KB
Duo Cristofori, the pairing of American fortepianists Penelope Crawford and Nancy Garrett, does not play (at least here) the pianos of the originator of the instrument, Bartolomeo Cristofori. They do, however, play historical instruments, pianos in the style of Mozart's time: copies of 1790s Walter instruments by builders John Lyon and Paul McNulty.
Image: Bartolomeo Cristofori He took the hammered dulcimer as a base and constructed the instrument containing a wrapped hammer that hit at a particular string after pressing a key. How fast the hammer flew, depended on the pressure strength on the key. The point was that string kept vibrating freely after the hammer struck it.