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With Gen. Kirby Smith’s Confederate victory at the Battle of Richmond, the state of Kentucky was opened to southern invasion, which eventually led to the capture of Frankfort on September 2, 1862, the only Union capital to fall to the Confederacy during the Civil War. How It Ended Confederate Victory.
Jan 28, 2020 · Dates August 29 to 30, 1862 Location Richmond, Kentucky Key Individuals Involved Union: Major General William Nelson Confederate: Major General E. Kirby Smith Outcome Confederate Victory. 5,650 casualties of which 4,900 were Union soldiers. Overview of the Battle The day ended with a brief skirmish between the Union forces and Cleburne’s men.
- The Petersburg Campaign Begins
- Trench Warfare in The Siege of Petersburg
- The Tide Turns in The Petersburg Campaign
- Who Won The Petersburg Campaign?
- The Evacuation of Richmond
- Surrender at Appomattox Court House
Petersburg, Virginia, was a vital rail center that brought critical supplies to nearby Richmond, the capital of The Confederacy. Union General Ulysses Grant knew that if Petersburg fell, Richmond would be right behind it. Grant had spent May in a series of series of largely inconclusive battles fighting alongside General George G. Meade’sArmy of th...
The Siege of Petersburg was marked by the brutal and elongated use of trench warfare. The front would eventually stretch for almost 40 miles and claim 70,000 casualties over the next ten months. The first trenches were dug back in 1862, long before the siege. Engineer Charles Dimmock had designed a ten-mile trench line around Petersburg in a "U" sh...
On March 24, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln, First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln, and their son, Tad, traveled to General Grant’s headquarters in City Point, Virginia. (Grant employed Lincoln’s son, Robert Todd Lincoln, on his staff). While there, Lincoln witnessed Lee make a desperate attack on Union lines at the Battle of Fort Stedman on March 25. Gran...
The Union Army earned a hard-won victory after months of fighting. Grant’s big attack came at Five Forks on April 1, where he crushed the end of Lee’s line southwest of Petersburg. His victory was followed by a second win for the Union Army on April 2, 1865, when General Phillip Sheridan assaulted Lee’s depleted right flank. Grant ordered an attack...
On the evening of April 2, the Confederate government fled Richmond, followed by the army. Union troops entered a conquered Richmondon April 3, 1865 after ten months of campaigning. Lincoln greeted freed slaves in the streets. The Confederate capital was finally in Union hands.
On April 9, 1865, near the town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant. Grant told his officers, “The war is over. The Rebels are our countrymen again.” Although scattered resistance continued for several weeks—the final skirmish of the Civil...
The Battle of Richmond, which took place on August 29–30, 1862, near Richmond, Kentucky, stands as one of the most comprehensive Confederate victories during the American Civil War. Commanded by Major General Edmund Kirby Smith, the Confederate forces squared off against Union troops led by Major General William "Bull" Nelson.
Richmond, Virginia served as the capital of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War from May 8, 1861, hitherto the capital had been Montgomery, Alabama.