The battle is depicted in the 1942 movie Wake Island. The battle is prominently referenced in Quentin Tarantino 's 1994 film Pulp Fiction when Christopher Walken 's character, Captain Koons, describes how prize-fighter Butch Coolidge's grandfather, Dane, took part in and was killed in action at the Battle of Wake Island.
- 8–23 December 1941
- Wake Island, U.S. territory
- Japanese victory
Although the Battle of Wake Island ended in a U.S. defeat, the Japanese navy suffered significant losses at the hands of a much smaller American force. The defense of the atoll became a rallying point for Americans, and the battle inspired Hollywood’s first combat film of the war, Wake Island, which was released in 1942.
Battle Of Wake Island summary: The Attack of Pearl Harbor and the Battle of Wake Island were simultaneous and Wake Island finished on December 23, 1941. The surrender was of American troops to those of Japan. The battle was for a small island in Central Pacific with the Marines and civilians of the island defending against invaders from Japan.
- Battle of Wake Island Commanders
- Wake Island Order of Battle
- Battle of Wake Island Casualties
- Battle of Wake Island Summary
- Battle of Wake Island Conclusions
- Battle of Wake Island References
U.S. Commanders Winfield S. Cunningham (POW) James P.S. Devereux (POW) Empire of Japan Shigeyoshi Inoue Sadamichi Kajioka Shigematsu Sakaibara
U.S. 449 USMC personnel consisting of: 399 infantry of the 1st Marine Defense Battalion 55 det. VMF-211, 68 US Navy 5 U.S. Army personnel, Others Empire of Japan First Attempt (December 11): 3 light cruisers 6 destroyers 2 patrol boats 2 troop transports Reinforcements arriving for Second Attempt (December 23): 2 aircraft carriers 2 battleships 2,500 infantry
U.S. 120 killed, 49 wounded, 2 MIA 12 aircraft 433 Military and 1,104 Civilian POWS of whom 5 military (killed Jan 1942) and 98 Civilian POWS (killed Oct 1943). In addition, 15 military and 82 civilians died as POWS Empire of Japan 820 killed, 333 wounded, 1 light cruiser heavily damaged, 2 destroyers sunk, 2 patrol boats sunk, 7–8 aircraft shot down, 20 aircraft damaged. Note USMC History estimates 21 aircraft shot down and 51 aircraft damaged by flak.
As the work progressed fortifying Wake Island, 400 men of the Marine Defense Battalion arrived to take control of the islands forces. By December of the same year the airfield was operation but not yet finished. The radar units for the island were still at Pearl Harborand protective positions for the airfield hadn’t been built yet. On December 4 the USS Enterprise brought 12 F4F Wildcats to the island. Because of the islands strategic location the Japanese wanted to take Wake, it was part of their bigger operation against the US. On December 8, during the attack on Pearl Harbor 36 medium bombers launched from the Marshall Islands to attack Wake Island. Knowing that Pearl Harbor had been attacked earlier that day and without radar 4 Wildcats were ordered to patrol the island. Because of the poor visibility they’ve been flying in the pilots didn’t spot the Japanese bombers heading for the island. The Battle of Wake Island began when the Japanese attacked and destroyed eight grounded V...
During the 15 day struggle the U.S. Marines lost 47 and 2 MIA while the U.S. Navy lost 3 of their people and at least 10 U.S. civilians died with an additional 10 Chamorros civilians killed and 12 wounded. The Japanese lost somewhere between 700 to 900 people and at least another 300 wounded. In the first invasion attempt two destroyers and at least 28 aircraft were destroyed or damaged. After the U.S. forces surrendered the Japanese captured almost all of the people on the island, which were mostly civilian contractors. Henry T. Elrod one of the pilots was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for shooting down two Japanese Zeroes and sinking one destroyer during the second landing attempt. The Japanese held the island until September 4, 1945 when the remaining Japanese surrendered to the United States Marines. The Battle of Wake Island or rather its aftermath is also remembered for the war crimes committed by the Japanese. When the Americans attacked Wake Island in 1943, Rear Ad...
L, Klemen (1999–2000). “Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941–1942”. Surrender of Wake by the Japanese– Marines in World War II, last accessed 18 April 2013. Wake Island– Pacific Wreck Database, last accessed 18 April 2013. Wake Island, Naval History and Heritage Command, last accessed 18 April 2013.
The Battle of Wake Island was a battle during World War II. It began at the same time as the Attack on Pearl Harbor. It ended on 23 December 1941, with the surrender of the American forces to the Empire of Japan. It was fought on and around the atoll formed by Wake Island.
Aug 05, 2019 · The Battle of Wake Island was fought from December 8-23, 1941, during the opening days of World War II (1939-1945). A tiny atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, Wake Island was annexed by the United States in 1899.
Directed by John Farrow. With Brian Donlevy, Robert Preston, Macdonald Carey, William Bendix. December, 1941. With no hope of relief or re-supply, a small band of United States Marines tries to keep the Japanese Navy from capturing their island base.
- John Farrow
The Battle of Wake Island, By Jonah Kelley This was created for National History Day in 2017. *Midway never actually fell during the war but was attacked in ...
- 9 min
Following the successful strike against the American fleet at Pearl Harbor, Yamaguchi′s carrier force participate in the Battle of Wake Island. After the start of 1942, he was sent south to assist in the Battle of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies , followed by the Bombing of Darwin in February.