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Bavaria, German Bayern, largest Land (state) of Germany, comprising the entire southeastern portion of the country. Bavaria is bounded to the north by the states of Thuringia and Saxony, to the east by the Czech Republic, to the south and southeast by Austria, and to the west by the states of Baden-Württemberg and Hessen.
About Bavaria Known for its beer, sausages, Oktoberfest and lederhosen, Bavaria is Germany’s largest federal state and one of its most popular tourist destinations. It's also one of the most independent-minded regions.
Bavaria (German: Bayern) is the largest federal state (\\"Bundesland\\" or shortened to Land) of Germany, situated in the south-east of the country, and extends from the North German Plain up to the Alps in the south. Bavaria is what many non-Germans probably have in mind when they think about Germany. Ironically, much of southern Bavaria has more in common culturally with neighbouring Austria and Switzerland than with the rest of Germany. This stereotype includes Lederhosen (leather trousers), sausages and lots of beer - Bavaria, however, has much more to offer to the traveller. Along with the Rheinland and Berlin, it is Germany's most popular tourist destination.
Bavarians are the proudest of all Germans. Locals are loyal to their roots and traditions. Bavaria is also the most autonomous of German states, and many Bavarians see themselves as Bavarians first and foremost, Germans second. The German stereotype of beer drinking, sausage-eating and Lederhosen, is found only in rural Bavaria and mainly in the south and east towards Austria and the Alps or the thick forests that border the Czech Republic and Bohemia.
About 60% of Bavarians are Catholic and are usually more conservative than the rest of Germany (or Europe for that matter). Munich, however, is a quite liberal city with a huge number of people from other parts of Germany, Europe, and the world, and it has a large English-speaking community. It can be quite hard to find someone with truly Bavarian origins in the city, as most people come to work there and stay only for a short time.
There are two direct fast trains from Prague to Nuremberg and two to Munich. At Schwandorf station, the trains to Nuremberg have a connection to Munich a vice versa. German railways offer a non-stop bus between Prague and Nuremberg, operating every 2 hours and using the German domestic railway rate.
Single tickets are quite expensive when bought at train station. For direct trains you can buy cheaper e-tickets , but at least 3 days in advance.
There are daily night train connections from Amsterdam, Netherlands (via Cologne and Frankfurt) and Rome, Italy and Venice (both via Verona and Innsbruck) to Munich central station.
Trains are the main mode of transportation for visitors since they easily connect towns with larger cities.
If you're travelling within Bavaria, you can purchase the Bayern-Ticket , which will give you all-day travel in regional trains (categories S, RB, RE and IRE) within Bavaria and even to the border towns of Salzburg, Reutte or Ulm. You can use it also for private trains and most of local buses and city transport. On working days the ticket is valid from 9AM to 3AM the following day. On weekends it is valid from midnight.
Most Bavarians speak standard German; however, in southern Bavaria, outside of Munich, Austro-Bavarian (east) or Swabian (west) is the native language of many. In the north Franconian is the traditional language but few speakers remain. In the cities (including Munich) standard German is the local language, but Austro-Bavarian-, and Swabian-speakers typically do speak standard German as well (except possibly older people in the far south). Most people speak at least some English or other foreign languages (particularly French), especially the younger generation.
Bavaria has many family-friendly places, as well as those for the younger generations. Places to see include the walled city of Rothenburg ob der Tauber (Rothenburg o.d.T.), Schloss (palace) Herrenchiemsee - Ludwig II's unfinished castle based on Versailles on its own island in the beautiful lake Chiemsee, the historical cities of Nuremberg (Nürnberg) and Regensburg (visit St. Peter's cathedral, which you can't miss as it is the biggest building in Regensburg), Bodenmais (known for it's fine crystal and known as the \\"Switzerland of Bavaria\\"), and of course the legendary Neuschwanstein Castle often called the \\"fairytale castle\\" - the role model for the \\"Magic Kingdom\\" of Walt Disney.
Of course, for kids, there is the Playmobil park near Nuremberg, an indoor Trampoline funpark in Regensburg, and the town of Riedenburg on the Altmühl river that has a castle with daily falconry shows.
Also, many towns have some historical features in their limits. There are castle ruins, full castles still being used as residences, local museums, caves, and old mines that most tourists will never see. Some of these are better than the 20 fee to see a boring guided tour at one of the more famous cities in Germany. Why pay a fee for seeing only a small part of the castle when you can find an old castle in the countryside that you can explore on your own and maybe discover something new that has not even been documented?
It's sad to see tourists who pay too much money to see \\"tourist castles\\" when the price of a rental car and the will to explore can yield many free or cheap sites, which are sometimes better than the overpriced attractions, that limit what you can see or do.
Bavaria has very good ski and snowboard resorts in the Bavarian Alps and in the Bavarian Forest. They are much smaller than the resorts in neighbouring Austria or Switzerland, though. They are always well maintained and usually cheaper. The most famous and crowded are in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Oberstdorf.
Bavarian cuisine is famous for Schweinsbraten (roast pork), Bratwürstl sausages, Nürnberger Bratwurst, probably the smallest sausage in Germany, Weißwurst sausage made from veal, Leberkäse (a type of meatloaf), Schweinshaxe (grilled pork knuckle) as well as a variety of different Knödel (dumplings) and Kartoffelsalat (potato salad). Also in the Oberallgäu, the southwesternmost part of bavaria, the traditional food is Kässpatzen, made with much Bavarian cheese. Also, some Gasthaus's have various season specials based on what is available locally at that time. There can be specials like Truffle dishes in the southern mountain areas, specialty mushrooms in the Oberpfalz area, seasonal Salmon dishes on the Donau / Altmuhl river area, local trout specials in all small villages, seasonal asparagus dishes, and during hunting season there are occasional fresh wild boar and venison dishes - Bavaria is a gastronomic wonderland (especially for the meat aficionado)! The north of Bavaria is famous not only for its beer but also for its (white) wines that come in special bottles called \\"Bocksbeutel\\" (bottles with a big round yet flat belly). For a sweet treat, try Eiswein (Ice wine), made from grapes that are allowed to stay until the first severe frost and then pressed and made into a very sweet wine.
Beer is something very special for bavarians. It is strongly connected to the so called \\"Reinheitsgebot\\" from 1516 which sets the standards for regular beer brewing. The saying \\"Hopfen und Malz, Gott erhalts\\" (\\"Hops and malt, may God preserve them\\") is well known and seen as a law, even if it never reached the state of this. Bavarian beer is therefore regarded as one of the best brewed beers in the world. Some Bavarians choose to ironically point at \\"foreign\\" beers like the famous \\"Kölsch\\" from Cologne or beers from Belgium as \\"water\\" respectively \\"sugared water\\". Bavarians love their beer. One of the most beloved is the \\"Weißbier\\", a cloudy, unfiltered beer brewed with wheat, which is commonly consumed earlier in the day with a Weisswurst and sweet mustard. It's good to know that there exists a special ritual with this beer: Normally it will be served in a special glass, called \\"Weißbierglas\\". But if you get the empty glass and the bottle of beer, you have to fill it by yourself: in one step without dropping the bottle. Weissbier is more carbonated than most other beers and produces a lot of foam so it is not easy to fill without spilling something.
Bavarias beer garden  season starts in mid April and runs right through to October. The shade of ancient horse chestnut trees become a rendezvous for both young and old, rich and not-so-rich, and locals and visitors alike: a place to enjoy a convivial glass of cold beer and some tasty Bavarian snacks. You can even bring your own food (but not drinks).
Statistically, Bavaria is one of the safest regions (if not the safest) in Germany and Europe. The biggest threat to your wallet is the (perfectly legal) high price level.
Bavaria has all anyone could ever need for a well-earned break from the hectic of everyday life. Recharge those batteries at one of our contemporary wellness resorts or on a long and relaxing walk through the beautiful Bavarian countryside.
Things to Do in Bavaria, Germany: See Tripadvisor's 1,951,194 traveler reviews and photos of Bavaria tourist attractions. Find what to do today or anytime in December. We have reviews of the best places to see in Bavaria. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions.
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Bavaria, home to nearly 13 million inhabitants, is located in the southeast of Germany and is the largest of the 16 federal states of Germany.Bavaria covers almost one-fifth of the total land area of Germany and has an area of 70,548 square kilometers (27,200 squaremiles).Bavaria borders Austria, the Czech Republic, Switzerland (across Lake Constance), as well as the neighboring German states of Baden-Wuerttemberg, Hesse, Thuringia and Saxony.
The capital city of Bavaria is Munich (München). Other major cities in Bavaria include: Nuremberg (Nürnberg), Augsburg, Würzburg, Regensburg, Ingolstadt, Fürth and Erlangen.
The two major rivers that flow through Bavaria are the Danube (Donau) and the Main. The Bavarian Alps are home to Germany’s highest peak, the Zugspitze 2,962 meters / 9,717 feet, and form a natural border with Austria.The landscape of Bavaria can be subdivided into four major regions: 1. the Alps, with the Zugspitze, the highest mountain in Germany at 2,962 meters; 2. the Alpine foothills with their numerous lakes; 3. the Eastern Bavarian central mountains with the first ever national park in...
In 1850 Maximilian II (reigned 1848–64) brought Bavaria into an alliance with Saxony, Hanover, and Württemberg in accordance with the aim of establishing the medium-sized states in Germany—of which Bavaria was the largest—as a third force to counter the preponderance of Austria and Prussia.