After Belarus became independent in 1991, support for the cause of the Belarusian language gained prestige and popular interest, with the post-Soviet Belarusian government the continued creation of policies to actively promote the use of the Belarusian language, especially in education.
Belarus's two official languages are Russian and Belarusian; Russian is the most common language used at home, used by 70% of the population, while Belarusian, the official first language, is spoken at home by 23%. Minorities also speak Polish, Ukrainian and Eastern Yiddish.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The official languages of Belarus are equally Belarusian and Russian. The language situation in Belarus is characterized by a co-existence of several linguistic codes.
The Belarusian language (беларуская мова, transliteration: biełaruskaja mova) is an Eastern Slavic language and an Indo-European language. It is spoken in Belarus and eastern Poland (in the area of Białystok). It is also spoken by Belarusians who live in other countries of Europe, Australia, and North America.
For a list of words relating to Belarusian language, see the Belarusian language category of words in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.: Subcategories. This category has the following 12 subcategories, out of 12 total.
Agree with you that this is the most reliable version, and it looks well-grounded to me, too. I don't try to convince anybody of Belarusian ethnicity of Malevich, it is just interesting that something makes the reliable linguists like Adam Maldzis (doctor of philology, professor) say that Malevich was born and lived under Kapyl, for example--that's my point. —zedlik 18:27, 13 October 2010 (UTC)
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Bjellorusia (zyrtarisht Republika Bjelloruse; bjellorusisht Беларусь Belarus) është shtet në Evropën lindore që kufizohet nga Rusia, Ukraina, Polonia, Lituania dhe Letonia. Kryeqyteti i saj është qyteti Minsk ndërsa qytet tjera të njohura janë Brest, Grodno (Hrodna), Gomel (Homyel) dhe Vitebsk.
- History and Politics
- Not So Independent?
- The Revival
There is no exact data on when the Belarusian language originated in history, although we know that it has existed for centuries. It is impossible to go back in time to listen to the language used by people 800-1000 years ago, but we can turn to written sources to build up a picture of the events that had led to the present situation. 1229 –the treaty between Smalensk, Ryga and Gotsky bereg with distinctive features of the Belarusian language. Read also: Why everyone thinks Belarus is a part of Russia 1517 – Francysk Skaryna publishes his first edition of the Bible with his own prefaces in the Old Belarusian (Ruthenian). 1529– the First Statute of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: all the legislation written in Belarusian. 1566 – the Second Statute of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: Belarusian is the official language of the state. 1859-1905– publishing in Belarusian Latin script was banned in Russian Empire. 1862 – the first illegal newspaperMużyckaja prauda by Kastuś Kalinoŭski. 1897 –...
After gaining independence from the USSR in 1991, the Belarusian language regained its prestige and popular interest and became the language spoken in Belarus but not for long. Four years later the Russian language was introduced as the second state language, while the Belarusian language lost its status as the only official language. Brainwashed for centuries, Belarusians had little reason to switch back to Belarusian. There was no real government support and promotion of the native language. The number of Belarusian-only language schools was decreasing, books published in Russian were prevailing, state television and newspapers were predominantly in Russian. Read also: This dialect map lets you hear how Belarusians speak native language The language was gradually stigmatized in favour of Russia. In the following years, Belarusian became the language of the political opposition and counterculture. Those speaking Belarusian were perceived as renegades and were subject to discriminat...
At the moment even language experts can’t estimate the exact number of Belarusians speaking their mother tongue. Government statistics put the figure at 23% of the population, according to the census of 2009. It also shows 72% of Belarusians speak Russian at home, while Belarusian is actively used by only 11,9% of Belarusians. About 29.4% of Belarusians can write, speak, and read it; while 52,5% can only read and speak it. Read also: 5 tender phrases to say ‘I love you’ in Belarusian Meanwhile, independent sources report less than 10% of Belarusians using Belarusian in their daily lives. The UNESCO put Belarusian in the category of endangered languages. Currently, the language speakers are mostly represented by older rural inhabitantsand a handful of those living in the cities. Despite a formally equal status of Belarusian and Russian, the latter is still primarily used by the Belarusian government. Russian is dominant in all spheres of life, including public and private services, l...