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    Belgium is a constitutional, popular monarchy and a federal parliamentary democracy. The bicameral federal parliament is composed of a Senate and a Chamber of Representatives. The former is made up of 50 senators appointed by the parliaments of the communities and regions and 10 co-opted senators.

  2. May 09, 2022 · Belgium, country of northwestern Europe. It is one of the smallest and most densely populated European countries, and it has been, since its independence in 1830, a representative democracy headed by a hereditary constitutional monarch. Initially, Belgium had a unitary form of government. In the 1980s and ’90s, however, steps were taken to turn Belgium into a federal state with powers shared ...

  3. Apr 22, 2022 · Background. Belgium became independent from the Netherlands in 1830; it was occupied by Germany during World Wars I and II. The country prospered in the past half century as a modern, technologically advanced European state and member of NATO and the EU. In recent years, political divisions between the Dutch-speaking Flemish of the north and ...

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  5. Feb 24, 2021 · Belgium is a Western European country occupying an area of 30,689 km2 (11,849 sq mi). As can be observed on the physical map of Belgium there are three main geographical regions to Belgium: the coastal plain to the northwest, the central plateau, and the Ardennes uplands to the southeast. A small area called the Paris Basin is used to refer to ...

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    The name 'Belgium' comes from Gallia Belgica. This was a Roman province in the northernmost part of Gaul. Before Roman invasion in 100 BC, the Belgae, a mix of Celtic and Germanic peoples, lived there. The Germanic Frankish tribes during the 5th century brought the area under the rule of the Merovingian kings. A slow shift of power during the 8th c...

    Since 1993, Belgium is a federalstate, divided into three regions and three communities. Regions: 1. Brussels-Capital Region 2. Flemish Region(or Flanders) 3. Walloon Region(or Wallonia) Communities: 1. Flemish Community 2. French Community of Belgium 3. German-speaking Community of Belgium It has a system of government known as a constitutional mo...

    Belgium is next to France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Its total area is 33,990 square kilometers. The land area alone is 30,528 km². Belgium has three main geographical regions. The coastal plain is in the north-west. The central plateau are part of the Anglo-Belgian Basin. The Ardennesuplands are in the south-east. The Paris Basin re...

    The Belgian Armed Forces have about 46,000 active troops. In 2009 the yearly defence budget was $6 billion.There are four parts: Belgian Land Component, or the Army; Belgian Air Component, or the Air Force; Belgian Naval Component, or the Navy; Belgian Medical Component.

    Adding to science and technology has happened throughout the country's history. cartographer Gerardus Mercator, anatomist Andreas Vesalius, herbalist Rembert Dodoens and mathematician Simon Stevinare among the most influential scientists. Chemist Ernest Solvay and engineer Zenobe Gramme gave their names to the Solvay process and the Gramme dynamo i...

    Fine arts

    There have been many additions to painting and architecture. Several examples of major architectural places in Belgium belong to UNESCO's World Heritage List. In the 15th century the religious paintings of Jan van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden were important. The 16th century had more styles such as Peter Breughel's landscape paintings and Lambert Lombard's showing of the antique. The style of Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyckwas strong in the early 17th century in the Southern Netherla...


    Belgium is famous for beer, chocolate, waffles and french fries. French fries were first made in Belgium. The national dishes are "steak and fries with salad", and "mussels with fries".Other local fast food dishes include a Mitraillette. Brands of Belgian chocolate and pralines, like Côte d'Or, Guylian, Neuhaus, Leonidas, Corné and Galler are famous. Belgium makes over 1100 varieties of beer. The Trappist beer of the Abbey of Westvleteren has repeatedly been rated the world's best beer. The b...


    Since the 1970s, sports clubs are organised separately by each language community. Association football is one of the most popular sports in both parts of Belgium, together with cycling, tennis, swimming and judo. With five victories in the Tour de France and many other cycling records, Belgian Eddy Merckx is said to be one of the greatest cyclists of all time. Jean-Marie Pfaff, a former Belgian goalkeeper, is said to be one of the greatest in the history of football (soccer). Belgium and The...

    Media related to Belgiumat Wikimedia Commons 1. Official website of Belgian monarchy 2. Official website of the Belgian federal government 3. Belgian Telephone directory 4. Belgium Travel Guide Archived 2019-03-12 at the Wayback Machine 5. Brussels map[permanent dead link]

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