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  1. Belgium - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Belgium

    Belgium is also a founding member of the Eurozone, NATO, OECD, and WTO, and a part of the trilateral Benelux Union and the Schengen Area. Brussels hosts the headquarters of many major international organizations such as NATO. Belgium is a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy.

  2. Belgium - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Belgium

    Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. Belgium has an area of 30,528 square kilometres. Around 11 million people live in Belgium. It is a founding member of the European Union and is home to its headquarters. The capital city of Belgium is Brussels, where the European Union, NATO and other famous organisations are based. There are three regions in Belgium: Flanders is the name of the northern half of Belgium, just south of the Netherlands. Most of the p

  3. History of Belgium - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Belgium

    In the postwar period Belgium was a leader in European unification, as a founding member of what has become the European Union. Brussels is now host to the headquarters of NATO and is the de facto capital of the European Union. The colonies became independent in the early 1960s.

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  5. Geography of Belgium - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Geography_of_Belgium
    • Overview
    • Area
    • Physical geography
    • Natural resources

    Belgium is a federal state located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea. Belgium shares borders with France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Belgium comprises the regions of Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels. Geography of Belgium ContinentEurope RegionWestern Europe Coordinates50°50′N 4°00′E / 50.833°N 4.000°E / 50.833; 4.000 AreaRanked 136th • Total30,689 km2 • Land93.5% • Water6.5% Coastline66.5 km BordersTotal land borders: 1,297 km Highest pointSignal...

    Belgium has an area of 30,689 square kilometres, with 16,901 km2 for Wallonia, 13,625 km2 for the Flemish Region and 162.4 km2 for the Brussels Capital Region. By provinces, the area is distributed as such

    Belgium has three main geographical regions: the coastal plain in the north-west, the central plateau, and the Ardennes uplands in the south-east. The coastal plain consists mainly of sand dunes and polders. Polders are areas of land, close to or below sea level that have been reclaimed from the sea, from which they are protected by dikes or, further inland, by fields that have been drained with canals. The second geographical region, the central plateau, lies further inland. This is a smooth, s

    Natural resources in Belgium include construction materials, silica sand and carbonates. Belgium used to have coal mines. As of 2012, the land use was as follows

  6. COVID-19 pandemic in Belgium - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › COVID-19_pandemic_in_Belgium

    The COVID-19 pandemic in Belgium is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have spread to Belgium on 4 February 2020, when one of a group of nine Belgians repatriated from Wuhan to Brussels was reported to ...

  7. Belgium - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › Belgium

    Belgium haes three main pairts; Flanders, whar folk speak Dutch, Wallonia whar French is the mither tung, an Brussels, which is bilingual. Dere be Jairman speakin community in Wallonia an aw. Dere be Jairman speakin community in Wallonia an aw.

  8. Languages of Belgium - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Languages_of_Belgium
    • Overview
    • Official languages
    • Use
    • Multilingualism
    • Non-official languages

    The Kingdom of Belgium has three official languages: Dutch, French, and German. A number of non-official, minority languages and dialects are spoken as well.

    The Belgian Constitution guarantees, since the country's independence, freedom of language in the private sphere. Article 30 specifies that "the use of languages spoken in Belgium is optional; only the law can rule on this matter, and only for acts of the public authorities and f

    Dutch is the most spoken primary language of Belgium and the official language of the Flemish Community and the Flemish Region. Along with French, it is an official language of the Brussels-Capital Region. The main Dutch dialects spoken in Belgium are Brabantian, West Flemish, Ea

    The second-most spoken primary language, used natively by approximately one third of the population, is French. It is the official language of the French Community, the dominant language in Wallonia, as well as the Brussels-Capital Region. Almost all of the inhabitants of the Cap

    In national politics, politicians can freely choose to speak in any of the three official languages. In turn, the Belgian parliament provides simultaneous interpretation for those who require it to assist in communication. Education is provided by the Communities, Dutch in the Flemish Community, French in the French Community, German in the German-speaking community. Instruction in other languages is prohibited in government-funded schools except for foreign language subjects. However, the Engli

    In 2006, the Université catholique de Louvain, the country's largest French-speaking university, published a report with the introduction: This issue regarding economies is devoted to the demand for knowledge of languages in Belgium and in its three regions. The surveys show that Flanders is clearly more multilingual, which is without doubt a well-known fact, but the difference is considerable: whereas 59% and 53% of the Flemings know French or English respectively, only 19% and 17% of the ...

    In addition to the three official languages, others are spoken in Belgium, for instance in Wallonia, where French became dominant only relatively recently. Sometimes seen as dialects, the varieties related to French have been recognized by the French Community as separate languages since 1990. But there have been no significant measures to support usage of those varieties.

  9. Monarchy of Belgium - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Monarchy_of_Belgium
    • Overview
    • Origins
    • Hereditary and constitutional
    • List of kings of the Belgians
    • Title

    The Monarchy of Belgium is a constitutional, hereditary, and popular monarchy of Belgium whose incumbent is titled the King or Queen of the Belgians and serves as the country's head of state. There have been seven Belgian monarchs since independence in 1830. King of the Belgians Koning der Belgen Roi des Belges König der Belgier Belgian Royal Coat Arms Incumbent Philippe since 21 July 2013 Details StyleHis Majesty Heir apparentPrincess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant First monarchLeopold I...

    When the Belgians became independent in 1830 the National Congress chose a constitutional monarchy as the form of government. The Congress voted on the question on 22 November 1830, supporting monarchy by 174 votes to 13. In February 1831, the Congress nominated Louis, Duke of Nemours, the son of the French king Louis-Philippe, but international considerations deterred Louis-Philippe from accepting the honour for his son.

    As a hereditary constitutional monarchy system, the role and operation of Belgium's monarchy is governed by the Constitution. The royal office of King is designated solely for a descendant of the first King of the Belgians, Leopold I. Since he is bound by the Constitution the King is intended to act as an arbiter and guardian of Belgian national unity and independence. Belgium's monarchs are inaugurated in a purely civil swearing-in ceremony. The Kingdom of Belgium was never an absolute monarchy

    The monarchs of Belgium originally belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The family name was changed by Albert I in 1920 to the House of Belgium as a result of anti-German sentiment.

    The proper title of the Belgian monarch is King of the Belgians rather than King of Belgium. The title indicates a popular monarchy linked to the people of Belgium rather than to territory or state. The Latin translation of King of Belgium would have been Rex Belgii, which, from 1815, was the name for the king of the Netherlands. Therefore, the separatists who founded Belgium chose Rex Belgarum.

  10. Belgium - Wikipedia

    ee.m.wikipedia.org › wiki › Belgium

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