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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › BhutanBhutan - Wikipedia

    Bhutan is known as "Druk Yul," or "Land of the Thunder Dragon". Nepal and Bangladesh are located near Bhutan but do not share a land border. The country has a population of over 788,615 [14] and territory of 38,394 square kilometres (14,824 sq mi) and ranks 133rd in terms of land area and 160th in population.

  2. de.wikipedia.org › wiki › BhutanBhutan – Wikipedia

    Bhutan liegt in Südasien und grenzt im Süden an die indischen Bundesstaaten Sikkim, Westbengalen, Assam und Arunachal Pradesh (von Westen nach Osten) sowie im Norden an Tibet ( China ). Die Oberflächengestalt Bhutans ist vom Himalaya geprägt. Über 80 Prozent des Landes liegen in über 2000 m Höhe.

    • National Symbols of Bhutan
    • Landscape
    • Military
    • Wildlife
    • Sports
    • Related Pages
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    National bird of Bhutan
    National tree of Bhutan
    National flower of Bhutan
    The Subalpinelandscape common in Bhutan
    A Himalayan mountain seen from the town of Bumthang

    The Royal Bhutan Army is Bhutan's military service. It includes the Royal Bodyguard and the Royal Bhutan Police. Membership is voluntary, and the minimum age for recruitment is 18. The standing army numbers about 16,000 and is trained by the Indian Army. Being a landlocked country, Bhutan has no navy. It also has no air force or army aviation corps...

    More than 770 species of bird and 5,400 species of plants are known to occur throughout the kingdom. Bhutan has a rich primate life with rare species such as the golden langur.

    Bhutan's national sport is archery. Competitions are held regularly in most villages. Cricket has gained popularity in Bhutan, particularly since the introduction of television channels from India. The Bhutan national cricket team is one of the more successful affiliate nations in the region. Footballis also an increasingly popular sport.

    • Bhutanese
    • Dzongkha
    • Origins and Early Settlement, 600–1600
    • Theocratic Government, 1616–1907
    • Establishment of The Hereditary Monarchy, 1907
    • Development of Centralized Government, 1926–52
    • Modernization Under Jigme Dorji, 1952–72
    • International Relations, 1972–Present
    • Formalized Democracy
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    A state of Lhomon (literally, southern darkness) or Monyul (dark land, a reference to the Monpa one of the Tibeto-Burman people of Bhutan), possibly a part of Tibet that was then beyond the pale of Buddhist teachings. Monyul is thought to have existed between AD 100 and AD 600. The names Lhomon Tsendenjong (southern Mon sandalwood country) and Lhom...

    Consolidation and defeat of Tibetan invasions, 1616–51

    In the 17th century, a theocratic government independent of Tibetan political influence was established, and premodern Bhutan emerged. The theocratic government was founded by an expatriate Drukpa monk, Ngawang Namgyal, who arrived in Bhutan in 1616 seeking freedom from the domination of the Gelugpa subsect led by the Dalai Lama (Ocean Lama) in Lhasa. After a series of victories over rival subsect leaders and Tibetan invaders, Ngawang Namgyal took the title Zhabdrung (At Whose Feet One Submit...

    Administrative integration and conflict with Tibet, 1651–1728

    To keep Bhutan from disintegrating, Ngawang Namgyal's death in 1651 apparently was kept a carefully guarded secret for fifty-four years. Initially, Ngawang Namgyal was said to have entered into a religious retreat, a situation not unprecedented in Bhutan, Sikkim, or Tibet during that time. During the period of Ngawang Namgyal's supposed retreat, appointments of officials were issued in his name, and food was left in front of his locked door. Ngawang Namgyal's son and stepbrother, in 1651 and...

    Civil conflict, 1728–72

    Though the invaders were unable to take control, the political system remained unstable. Regional rivalries contributed to the gradual disintegration of Bhutan at the time the first British agents arrived. In the early 18th century, Bhutan had successfully developed control over the principality of Cooch Behar. The raja of Cooch Behar had sought assistance from Bhutan against the Indian Mughals in 1730, and Bhutanese political influence was not long in following. By the mid-1760s, Thimphu con...

    Ugyen Wangchuck's emergence as the national leader coincided with the realization that the dual political system was obsolete and ineffective. He had removed his chief rival, the ponlop of Paro, and installed a supporter and relative, a member of the pro-British Dorji family, in his place. When the last Zhabdrung died in 1903 and a reincarnation ha...

    Ugyen Wangchuck died in 1926 and was succeeded by his son, Jigme Wangchuck(reigned 1926–52). The second Druk Gyalpo continued his father's centralization and modernization efforts and built more schools, dispensaries, and roads. During Jigme Wangchuck's reign, monasteries and district governments were increasingly brought under royal control. Howev...

    The third Druk Gyalpo, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, was enthroned in 1952. Earlier he had married the European-educated cousin of the chogyal (king) of Sikkim and with her support made continual efforts to modernize his nation throughout his twenty-year reign. Among his first reforms was the establishment of the National Assembly — the Tshogdu— in 1953. ...

    When civil war broke out in Pakistan in 1971, Bhutan was the first nation to recognize the new government of Bangladesh, and formal diplomatic relations were established in 1973. An event in 1975 may have served as a major impetus to Bhutan to speed up reform and modernization. In that year, neighboring Sikkim's monarchy, which had endured for more...

    Constitution

    On March 26, 2005, "an auspicious day when the stars and elements converge favourably to create an environment of harmony and success", the king and government distributed a draft of the country's first constitution, requesting that every citizen review it. A new house of parliament, the National Council, is chartered consisting of 20 elected representatives from each of the dzonghags, persons selected by the King. The National Council would be paired with the other already existing house, th...

    Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck

    On December 15, 2006, the fourth Druk Gyalpo, His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck, abdicated all of his powers as King to his son, Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, with a specific intention to prepare the young King for the country's transformation to a full-fledged, democratic form of government due to occur in 2008. The previous King's abdication in favour of his son was originally set to occur in 2008 as well, but there was an apparent concern that the new King should have hands-on ex...

    Bibliography

    1. Rose, Leo E. (1977), The Politics of Bhutan, Cornell University Press, ISBN 978-0-8014-0909-7 2. Phuntsho, Karma (2013). The History of Bhutan. Nodia: Random House India. ISBN 9788184003116. 3. Worden, Robert L. (1991), "Bhutan", in Savada, Andrea Matles (ed.), Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies, Library of Congress. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

    Kinga, Sonam (2009), Polity, Kingship, and Democracy: A biography of the Bhutaneae state, Thimphu: Ministry of Education, OCLC 477284586, OL 24074384M

  3. it.wikipedia.org › wiki › BhutanBhutan - Wikipedia

    • IL Nome
    • Geografia
    • Popolazione
    • Ordinamento Dello Stato
    • Politica
    • Economia
    • Ambiente
    • Arte
    • Cultura E Società
    • Sport

    Storicamente l'attuale nazione Druk Yul era conosciuta come Lho Pho Mon (terra meridionale delle tenebre), Lho Tsendenjong (terra meridionale del cipresso), Lhomen Khazhi (terra meridionale delle quattro vie d'accesso), e molti altri nomi, questo Stato è chiamato dal mondo esterno "Bhutan", ma il significato di questo termine non è noto.[senza font...

    Il Bhutan è uno Stato senza sbocco al mare situato alle pendici meridionali della parte orientale della catena dell'Himalaya; il regno è racchiuso fra due importanti civiltà asiatiche, il Tibet a nord e gli Stati indiani dell'Assam, di Arunachal Pradesh, del Sikkim e del Bengala Occidentale a est, ovest e sud. La superficie è pari a 46.500 km2.

    Il tasso di crescita della popolazione stimato nel 2001 si attesta sul 2,4%, in calo rispetto al 3,1% del 1994.

    Suddivisione amministrativa

    Nella logica del decentramento dei poteri nei confronti delle popolazioni, i distretti (dzongkhag) hanno, sul territorio di competenza, ampi poteri politici, amministrativi e finanziari. Lo Stato è suddiviso in 20 unità amministrative chiamate dzongkhag. Gli dzongkhag più vasti sono a loro volta suddivisi in sub-distretti chiamati dungkhag. I villaggi sono raggruppati in unità chiamate gewog e amministrate dal gupche viene eletto dal popolo. I distretti sono: 1. Distretto di Bumthang 2. Distr...

    Il Bhutan è una monarchia costituzionale. Il re, chiamato Druk Gyalpo (Re Drago), è Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck, salito al trono nel 2006 dopo l'abdicazione del padre re Jigme Singye Wangchuck. È coadiuvato nell'esercizio del potere dal Consiglio consultivo reale, i cui membri sono di nomina regia. Fino all'inizio del XX secolo, il Bhutan era go...

    L'economia del Bhutan è basata sull'agricoltura. Gran parte della terra coltivata è lavorata e irrigata grazie al sistema dei terrazzamenti; le coltivazioni principali sono quelle del riso, del frumento, del mais e delle patate. Il cardamomo e la frutta (mele, pere, prugne) sono coltivati per l'esportazione. L'allevamento si basa sui bovini (fra i ...

    Per gli abitanti di questo Paese il rispetto e la protezione della natura sono di rilevante importanza: lo si deve soprattutto alle regole della fede buddhista, che affermano il dovere morale di non nuocere in nessun modo né ad animali né a piante. Leggi e vincoli impongono che almeno il 60% del territorio statale debba essere ricoperto dal manto f...

    Architettura

    Gli dzong, edifici simili ai castelli, con le mura digradanti, con le linee classiche, gli ampi cortili e le meravigliose sale sono fra gli esempi più belli dell'architettura bhutanese.Gli dzong ospitano grandi monasteri e sono collocati in posizioni dominanti in cima alle colline o alla confluenza di fiumi. Essi sono anche il centro amministrativo dei distretti di appartenenza. Gli edifici più comuni sono i chörten e gli stupa, piccoli templi costruiti per ospitare reliquie sacre.

    Letteratura

    L'unica autrice bhutanese nota internazionalmente tradotta in italiano è Choden Kunzang (Il viaggio di Tsomo, ed. O Barra O, Milano 2009).

    Musica

    Tipico strumento musicale è il dramyin; il chiwang (violino) e il lingm(flauto) sono anch'essi strumenti della tradizione musicale del Bhutan.

    Simboli nazionali

    L'uccello nazionale è il corvo (Corvus corax), che adorna anche la corona del re. L'animale nazionale è il takin (Budorcas taxicolor tibetana), un particolare e raro tipo di bovide. Il fiore nazionale è il papavero blu (Meconopsis grandis) e la pianta nazionale è il cipresso (Cupressus torolusa).

    Media

    Il giornale indipendente nazionale Kuensel viene pubblicato settimanalmente in tre lingue (dzongkha, inglese e nepali) e la televisione nazionale trasmette quattro ore di programmi nazionali in dzongkha e inglese. I programmi si ricevono solo nella capitale Thimphu. La radio nazionale è molto più popolare e costituisce un efficace mezzo di informazione soprattutto nelle aree rurali. Le trasmissioni vengono effettuate in dzongkha, inglese, nepali e nel dialetto sharchop.

    Missioni spaziali

    1. 29 giugno 2018: viene lanciato Bhutan-1, primo satellite bhutanese .

    Lo sport nazionale è il tiro con l'arco, ma molto popolari sono anche quelli tradizionali quali il digor, simile al getto del peso, e il khuru, una sorta di gioco delle freccette. Cominciano a diventare popolari anche gli sport internazionali, calcio, basket, volley, tennis e tennis tavolo. La nazionale di calcio del Bhutan, pur avendo una storia m...

    • Regno del Bhutan
    • (dettagli)
    • འབྲུག་ཡུལ་, Druk Yul
    • dzongkha
  4. ts.m.wikipedia.org › wiki › BhutanBhutan - Wikipedia

    Bhutan i tiko ra Axiya . / 27.4667; 89.6417. The population of Bhutan had been estimated based on the reported figure of about 1 million in the 1970s when the country had joined the United Nations and precise statistics were lacking. Thus, using the annual increase rate of 2–3%, the most population estimates were around 2 million in the year ...

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