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Nov 15, 2019 · Billy the Kid was born William Henry McCarty Jr. on November 23, 1859, in New York City. Little is known about his early life, but it is believed that his father died or left the family when Billy...
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Billy the Kid (born Henry McCarty; September 17 or November 23, 1859 – July 14, 1881), also known by the pseudonym William H. Bonney, was an American outlaw and gunfighter of the American Old West who killed eight men before he was shot and killed at the age of 21.
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Billy the Kid, byname of William H. Bonney, Jr., original name Henry McCarty?, (born November 23, 1859/60, New York, New York, U.S.—died July 14, 1881, Fort Sumner, New Mexico), one of the most notorious gunfighters of the American West, reputed to have killed at least 27 men before being gunned down at about age 21.
William H. Bonney, known as Billy the Kid, was the youngest and most famous example of a gun-fighter from the American West. His legend survived and grew long after his death. Beginning of a short life On November 23, 1859, Henry McCarty was born in New York City but moved to Kansas with his family when he was very young.
Billy the Kid was a notorious outlaw who participated in the Lincoln County War. Different sources credit him with killing between 15 and 27 men, though it is generally believed that he killed eight. He was most wanted for the murder of Sheriff William Brady for which he was convicted and sentenced to death.
- Early years
- Fictional character biography
Billy the Kid called himself William H. Bonney, but his original name was probably Henry McCarty. Bonney was his mother Catherines maiden name, and William was the first name of his mothers longtime companionWilliam Antrinwho acted as Billys father after his biological father disappeared. Around 1865, Billy and his brother traveled west to Indiana with their mother and Antrin, and by 1870 the group was in Wichita, Kansas. They soon moved farther west, down the cattle trails, and in 1873 a legally married Catherine and William Antrin appeared on record in New Mexico territory. In 1874, Billys mother died of lung cancer in Silver City. Billy soon left his brother and stepfather and took off into the New Mexico sagebrush. He worked as a ranch hand and in 1876 supposedly killed his first men, a group of reservation Apache Indians, in the Guadalupe Mountains. According to legend, it was not long before Billy killed another man, a blacksmith in Camp Grant, Arizona. Billy the Kid, as people began calling him, next found work as a rancher and bodyguard for John Tunstall, a English-born rancher who operated out of Lincoln, New Mexico. When members of a rival cattle gang killed Tunstall, in 1878, Billy became involved in the so-called Lincoln County War.
Enraged at Tunstalls murder, Billy became a leader of a vigilante posse of regulators sent to arrest the killers. No arrests were made, however. Two of the murderers were shot dead by Billys posse, and a worsening blood feud soon escalated into all-out warfare. After Billys gang shot dead Lincoln Sheriff Bill Brady, who had sanctioned Tunstalls murder, Billys enemies conspired with the territorial authorities to do away with the regulators.
In July 1878, the rival gang surrounded the house where Billy and his gang were staying just outside of town. The siege stretched on for five days, and a U.S. Army squadron from nearby Fort Stanton was called in. Still, Billy and his gang refused to surrender. Suddenly, the regulators made a mass escape, and Billy and several of the other regulators miraculously managed to shoot their way out of town.
After more than two years on the run, Billy was arrested by Lincoln Sheriff Pat Garrett, a man Billy had previously befriended before Garrett became a lawman. In April 1881, Billy was found guilty of the murder of Sheriff Brady and was sentenced to hang. On April 28, two weeks before his scheduled execution, Billy wrested a gun from one of his jailers and shot him and another deputy dead in a daring escape that received considerable national attention. On the night of July 14, 1881, Garrett finally tracked Billy down at a ranch near Fort Sumner, New Mexico. He gained access to the house where Billy was visiting a girlfriend and then surprised him in the dark. Before the outlaw could offer resistance, Garret fired a bullet into his chest. Billy the Kid was dead at age 21.
Henry McCarty (1859 – July 14, 1881) was also known as William H. Bonney, and known popularly as Billy the Kid. He was an American gunman who took part in the Lincoln County War. Legends say that Billy the kid killed 21 men, but history tells us that he murdered at least four men. The first murder was in 1877.
- July 14, 1881 (aged 21)
- William H. Bonney, Henry Antrim, Kid Antrim
- 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m) at 17 years old
- Henry McCarty, September 17 or November 23, 1859 (unceartain), New York City
In legend, Billy the Kid has been described as a vicious and ruthless killer, an outlaw who died at the age of twenty-one, not before raising havoc in the New Mexico Territory. It was said he took the lives of twenty-one men, one for each year of his life, the first one when he was just twelve years old.
Billy the Kid's Grave - A History of the Wild West's Most Famous Death Marker (Mesilla Valley History) by David G Thomas | Jan 6, 2017. 5.0 out of 5 stars 1.
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