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  1. Sep 24, 2008 · BSA (Birmingham Small Arms Co.) Australian Cadet .310 Falling Block Rifle. Description: BSA (Birmingham Small Arms Co.) Australian Cadet .310 Falling Block Rifle. Serial number “114XX” and so marked on barrel, receiver and sight. Stamped “N.S.W.” for New South Wales on receiver and buttstock as well as “11.4.99” on both.

    • Summary
    • Physical Description
    • Significance

    Australian Service rifle, Francotte Patent Martini, cal. .230in. (297/230), steel rifled (five groove) round barrel, 699 mm long. Made by Birmingham Small Arms Co, Ltd, circa 1890. This was one of several variants of 'Cadet Martini' rifles that were used in Australia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries for cadet training.

    Francotte's Patent Martini falling block single shot breech loading action, steel triggerguard, loading lever, foreend and butt plate. Barleycorn foresight, graduated rear sight, barrel fastened to stock via two steel barrel bands, the rear one being a baddely band with a recessed screw head, cleaning rod missing.

    This was one of several variants of 'cadet martini' rifles that were used in Australia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries for cadet training. Skennerton (Australian Service Longarms, 1975) states that the Victorian Government purchased the first 500 Francottes in 1887 at a cost of 3 pounds each, while Penrose, in the Museum's 1949 catalogue of the firearm collection, added that they were issued to Victorian cadets until being withdrawn in 1911 when Senior Cadet training was introduced. The principal characteristic of the Francotte Patent Martini action is the removal of the action in one complete section, after the removal of split pin. The model was manufactured by A. Francotte and W.W. Greener and the receivers can be found marked 'VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT, 'WESTERN AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT', or 'COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA'. The barrels were marked by the manufacturer: in this instance the Birmingham Small Arms Company. However, this particular item carries Francotte's cartouche on...

  2. Aug 29, 2014 · MADE BY THE BIRMINGHAM SMALL ARMS CO. LTD. TRADE (3-standing rifles) MARKS B.S.A. The right side of the receiver is marked: 58158 (top right) COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA What I believe is non-factory marks between the two factory marks is: N.S.W. (New South Wales ?) 23.472 (possibly the date, 23rd April 1972 ?) Barrel is marked: .22 SUPER JET

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  3. Oct 10, 2010 · Birmingham has been an arms making town since forever. The origins of the Birmingham Small Arms Company draw on that heritage. A thriving arms trade by Smiths and Cutlers had been mentioned as early as 1538. Groups of gunmakers from Birmingham had been supplying enormous amounts of arms to British as well as foreign armies since 1692.

  4. Markings: The left side of the receiver is marked “MADE BY THE BIRMINGHAM SMALL ARMS CO LTD / TRADE / MARK / B.S.A.” with the company’s three stacked rifle logo. The top of the receiver is marked with the Australian “kangaroo”. The right side of the receiver is marked “COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA” and “78591 (serial number) / N.S.W.

  5. Australian Service rifle, B.S.A (Birmingham Small Arms Company) Cadet Martini, 2nd pattern, cal. .310in., steel rifled (five groove) round barrel, 62.40cm long. Francotte's Patent Martini falling block single shot breech loading action, steel triggerguard, loading lever, foreend and butt plate. Barleycorn foresight, graduated rear sight. School of Infantry No. M198. Purchased by the Australian ...

  6. The left side of the receiver is marked “MADE BY THE BIRMINGHAM SMALL ARMS CO LTD / TRADE / MARK / B.S.A.” with the company’s three stacked rifle logo, the top is marked with the Australian kangaroo, the right is marked “COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA / 21619 / N.S.W. (New South Wales) / 10846”.

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