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      • Bloc Québécois. The Bloc Québécois is a federal political party that was created officially on 15 June 1991 (registered by Elections Canada on 11 September 1993).
      www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/bloc-quebecois
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  2. The party has been described as social democratic and separatist (or "sovereigntist"). From the 1993 federal election until 2011, the Bloc was the largest party in Quebec and either the second- or third-largest party in the House of Commons through seven straight federal elections.

  3. Aug 06, 2021 · 6 septembre 2021 Partis politiques fédéraux : recours indus à la subvention salariale d’urgence. Alors que cette aide ne leur était pas destinée, tous les partis fédéraux, à l'exception du Bloc Québécois, ont eu recours au programme de Subvention salariale d'urgence du Canada mis sur pied pour soutenir les entreprises et organismes à but non lucratif affectés par la crise de la ...

    • Official Opposition
    • The Clarity Act
    • The Sponsorship Scandal
    • from Sovereignty to The Defence of Quebec Rights in Ottawa
    • Uncertain Future
    • Resurgence: 2019 Federal Election

    The first test for the Bloc Québécois was the 1992 referendum on the Charlottetown Accord (see also Charlottetown Accord: Document), when the party contributed to the No side's 57 per cent victory in Quebec. Then, in the October 1993 federal election, the Bloc obtained 49.3 per cent of the Quebec vote and 54 seats — enough to form the Official Opposition in the House of Commons. In the months leading up to the 1995 Quebec referendum on sovereignty, the party played a critical role in convincing the Parti Québécois, led by Jacques Parizeau, to specify in the referendum question that a partnership offer would be made to the rest of Canada. Lucien Bouchardwas also a key figure in the referendum campaign, which resulted in 49.4 per cent of the vote for the Yes side.

    Upon Lucien Bouchard’s departure from the Bloc Québécois, he was succeeded as leader by Michel Gauthier, who was himself replaced by Gilles Duceppe in March 1997. In the 1997 federal election, the Bloc suffered a setback but still obtained 38 per cent of the Quebec vote and 44 seats. Duceppe worked extensively during the next three years to fight the Canadian government’s passing of Bill C-20, the federal Clarity Act. The Jean Chrétien government presented the Bill in response to the Supreme Court’s Quebec Secession Reference, which stipulates that "political actors" are responsible for determining, among other things, what constitutes a clear question and a clear majority following a province or territory’s referendum on secession from Canada.

    The Bloc's representation dropped to 38 seats in the House of Commons after the 2000 election. It was the first time since the 1982 patriation of the Constitution that the Liberal Party held the majority of seats in Quebec. Between the 2000 and 2004 elections, the Bloc denounced federal intervention in provinces’ exclusive jurisdictions. It supported the Kyoto Accord, the legalization of marijuana and gay marriage in Canada (see Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights in Canada). Its role in exposing the misuse of federal funds in Quebec — what is now known as the "sponsorship scandal" — was its most significant action during this time (see Gomery Inquiry). This scandal had a decisive impact on the Quebec vote in the subsequent two elections in 2004 and 2006. The Bloc's 2004 federal election campaign focused on offering Québécois an alternative to what party members believed was a corrupt federalist system, and its slogan, Un parti propre au Québec (literally "A party specific...

    Similarly, the Bloc's 2006 election campaign centered on providing an alternative to possible federalist corruption, (see Federal Government) bolstered further by the findings of the Gomery Inquiry. With its slogan, Heureusement, ici, c'est le Bloc ("Thankfully, the Bloc is here") the Bloc hoped to obtain over 50 per cent of Quebec votes and more than 60 seats in the House of Commons. Ultimately, Bloc candidates obtained 6 seats previously belonging to the Liberals, but the resurgence in the Conservative Party's popularity in Quebec resulted in a loss of a total of 3 seats from 2004, leaving the Bloc with 51 seats and 42 per cent of Quebec support. As in 2004, Canadians elected a minority government. Similarly, Duceppe insisted that he would not form a coalition government with any other federal party. The Bloc maintained their political mandate leading up to the 2008 election, pressuring then Prime Minister Stephen Harper to address the fiscal imbalance between the provinces, parti...

    The 2011 election saw the Bloc Québécois fall to the "orange wave" of NDP support that swept through Quebec. The Bloc only succeeded in electing four candidates and earning 24 per cent of the vote. The party thus lost its official party status in the House of Commons. Party leader Gilles Duceppe was defeated in his riding of Laurier-Sainte-Marie and resigned from a 14-year career in the party that evening. Vivian Barbot, former president of the Fédération des femmes du Québec(2001–2003) and the first Haitian woman elected to the House of Commons, became the Bloc's interim leader. Following a leadership race, Daniel Paillé was elected leader of the Bloc Québécois on 11 December 2011. In February 2013, an MP from the NDP crossed the floor to join the Bloc caucus, bringing its membership up to five. In September 2013, in the midst of the debate surrounding the Quebec values charter, MP Maria Mourani was expelled from the caucus for opposing the Parti Québécois-led initiative. Following...

    Under Yves-François Blanchet, the Bloc aligned itself with the Coalition Avenir Québec, a centre-right nationalist party that won the Quebec provincial election in 2018. Blanchet emphasized Quebec nationalism (rather than sovereignty) and support for Quebec’s secularist and controversial Bill 21 during the 2019 federal election campaign. Bill 21 bans some public-sector employees from wearing religious symbols at work, including Muslim hijabs, Sikh turbans and Jewish kippahs. The Bloc also supported environmental protections, including opposition to pipelines. The Bloc won 32 seats in the federal election held on 21 October 2019. The BQ reclaimed official party status and finished third overall, displacing the NDP.

  4. Bloc Quebecois, regional political party in Canada, supporting the independence of predominantly French-speaking Quebec. It has informal ties with the Parti Quebecois, which has long controlled Quebec’s provincial assembly, and it represents the interests of French-speaking Quebecers at the federal level.

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