Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African-American work songs, and spirituals. Blues incorporated spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts, chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz ...
Blues rock is a fusion music genre that combines elements of blues and rock music. It is mostly an electric ensemble-style music with instrumentation similar to electric blues and rock. From its beginnings in the early to mid-1960s, blues rock has gone through several stylistic shifts and along the way it inspired and influenced hard rock, Southern rock, and early heavy metal. Blues rock started with rock musicians in the United Kingdom and the United States performing American blues songs. They
Blues rock can be characterized by bluesy improvisation, extended boogie jams typically focused on electric guitar solos, and often a heavier, riff-oriented sound and feel to the songs than found in typical Chicago-style blues. Blues rock bands "borrow the idea of an instrumental combo and loud amplification from rock & roll". It is also often played at a fast tempo, again distinguishing it from the blues. Blues rock songs often follow typical blues structures, such as twelve-bar blues, sixteen-
Rock uses driving rhythms and electric guitar techniques such as distortion and power chords already used by 1950s blues guitarists, particularly Memphis bluesmen such as Joe Hill Louis, Willie Johnson and Pat Hare. Characteristics that blues rock adopted from electric blues include its dense texture, basic blues band instrumentation, rough declamatory vocal style, heavy guitar riffs, string-bending blues-scale guitar solos, strong beat, thick riff-laden texture, and posturing performances. Prec
While blues rock and hard rock shared many similarities in the early 1970s, more traditional blues styles influenced blues rock in the 1980s, when the Fabulous Thunderbirds and Stevie Ray Vaughan recorded their best-known works, and the 1990s, which saw guitarists Gary Moore, Jeff Healey, and Kenny Wayne Shepherd become popular concert attractions. Groups such as the Jon Spencer Blues Explosion and the White Stripes brought an edgier, more diverse style into the 2000s, while the Black Keys retur
Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B or R'n'B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular.
Pages in category "Blues music" The following 32 pages are in this category, out of 32 total.
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Blues Music Award. The Blues Music Awards, formerly known as the W. C. Handy Awards (or "The Handys"), are awards presented by the Blues Foundation, a non-profit organization set up to foster blues heritage. The awards were originally named in honor of W. C. Handy, "Father of the Blues." The first award was presented in 1980 and is "universally ...
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- Legături Externe
Formă. Blues-ul tipic
Blues-ul este o formă de muzică populară, derivată din folclorul afro-americanilor. Forma cea mai răspândită e blues-ul de 12 măsuri (engl. 12 bar blues) aranjate într-o formă de tip bar (A-A-B, fiecare secțiune constă din patru măsuri), în metru de patru pătrimi. Acordurile folosite de tiparul cel mai primitiv de blues sunt cele diatonice principale: de tonică, subdominantă și dominantă (în secțiunea „B” se produce relația plagală dominantă-subdominantă, interzisă în sistemul tonal).
Modul de blues
Melodica folosește modul de blues, o scară muzicală simetrică derivată dintr-o pentatonie anhemitonică folosită de afro-americani în muzica lor tradițională. În cadrul ei apar celebrele blue notes: terța mare, septima mare și – începând cu epoca muzicii de jazz bebop (a doua jumătate a anilor patruzeci) – cvinta perfectă sunt coborâte cu mai puțin de un semiton, dând naștere unor sonorități ambigue din punct de vedere tonal, imposibil de reprodus la pian; din acest motiv, tradiția a impus fol...
Muzica de blues se cântă în diferite tempouri, de la lent la foarte rapid (contrar impresiei încetățenite, conform căreia există numai blues lent). Cu timpul, marcarea stării de spirit, a climatului emoțional specific, a dus la folosirea indicației bluesy(engl. „ca un blues”) chiar și în afara genului. De aici impresia greșită prin care tempoul lent este prezentat ca o trăsătură distinctivă a genului, dar și sugerarea unei atmosfere asemănătoare de către compozitori care nu scriu muzică blues.
Muzica blues a anilor treizeci este definită prin sintagma „blues rural”, formă primară a folclorului afro-americanilor care a avut un rol însemnat și la nașterea genului jazz. Influențele mai apropiate de publicul larg țin însă de cealaltă latură a genului, numită „blues urban”; dezvoltarea acestei a doua expresii a muzicii de blues având loc o dată cu înflorirea metropolelor americane (Detroit, Chicago ș.a.). Blues-ul urban se folosește de tehnologiile apărute cu nu mult timp în urmă, de captare a sunetului și amplificare prin electromagnetism. În anii 1940, blues-ul importat de lumea jazz-ului cunoaște o importantă evoluție, anume apariția blues-ului minor, ale cărui acorduri de bază se formau pe baza unei game minore naturale și nu a uneia majore. Stilul Chicago blues, promovat mai ales de casa de discuri Chess Records (fondată în 1948), are ca reprezentanți pe Elmore James, Muddy Waters, T-Bone Walker etc. Acesta din urmă a fost mentorul chitaristului B.B. King, exponent al gen...Barlow, William (1993). „Cashing In”. Split File: African Americans in the Mass Media: 31.Bransford, Steve. "Blues in the Lower Chattahoochee Valley" Southern Spaces2004Clarke, Donald (1995). The Rise and Fall of Popular Music. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-11573-9.Lawrence Cohn, ed. (1993). Nothing But the Blues: The Music and the Musicians. Abbeville Publishing Group (Abbeville Press, Inc.). ISBN 978-1-55859-271-1.Blues pe CurlieThe Blues Radio Series[nefuncțională]
Blues. Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas. Belum Diperiksa. Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian. Taj Mahal Blues Trio. Blues adalah nama yang diberikan untuk kedua bentuk musik dan genre musik yang diciptakan terutama dalam Masyarakat Afrika-Amerika di Deep South Amerika Serikat pada akhir abad ke-19 dari lagu rohani, lagu ...
- Why Jazz and Blues Go Hand-In-Hand
- Work Songs: The Common Denominator
- Key Terms
- Famous Pieces
Jazz is a broad musical style, notoriously difficult to define, but with a general foundation of improvisation, syncopated rhythms, and group interaction. Considered a wholly American musical form, jazz originated during the late 19th century within black communities of the Southern United States. A jazz ensemble usually plays a predetermined tune, with each musician adding their own interpretations. This improvisation is the defining element of jazz, and is based on the mood of the musicians, the interaction of the group, and even the audience’s response to the music. Jazz performers try to create a unique and expressive tone for their instrument, also known as a “voice”. Skilled jazz musicians play and interact with a swing rhythm, a propulsive groove or beat that creates a visceral response of foot-tapping or head-nodding. These rhythms have roots in traditional African music, using the off beats of syncopated rhythms to create the groove. Blues is a genre of music based on tradi...
Both types of music emerged in the American Deep South around the end of the 19th century and spread north and formed various sub-genres. Jazz and blues are both characterized by the use of “blue” notes, swung notes, and syncopated rhythms. When blues musicians begin heavily improvising, the line between blues and jazz begins to diminish. In fact, mastery of blues style playing is considered part of learning to play jazz.
Traditional African-American work songs led to both jazz and blues. These rhythmic a cappellawork songs originated with agricultural slaves, and they severed several purposes, from synchronizing physical movement in a group and raising morale, to expressing anger and frustration, or withstanding hardship. As slaves improvised and modified verses, the songs also became of subversive form of expression and rebellion.
In New Orleans during the late 19th century, brass marching bands gave lengthy performances during funerals and parades. Musicians would grow bored and begin to improvise, using the syncopated rhythms of African-American vocal music into traditional military tunes and rags. As these musicians moved to other cities, they brought this rhythmic improvisation incorporating sit-down instruments such as pianos and drum kits. Blues music was an important part of early jazz, as musicians began to improvise on traditional blues progressions and scales. The music eventually spread north, taking root and evolving in cities such as Chicago and New York City, and came to be one of the most popular musical genres in America, it’s pinnacle being the Jazz Age of the 1920s and swing music of the 1930s. Bill Taylor gives a very interesting account of the History of Jazz: Blues music originated in the late 1800s, but the precise origins are murky due to low literacy rates of the black community at tha...Syncopated rhythms:rhythmic deviation from the standard beat.Swung note:a note of equal timing played with unequal durationBlue notes:notes that are sung or played flattened or gradually bent (minor 3rd to major 3rd) in relation to the pitch of the major scale.
Listen to Take Five by the Dave Brubeck Quartet, one of the most famous and legendary pieces in the history of jazz music: And a soulful composition by one of the most influential blues musicians T-Bone Walker: