In 1295, the Duchy of Pomerania was divided roughly by the Peene and Ina (Ihna) rivers, with the areas north of these rivers ruled by Bogislaw IV became Pomerania-Wolgast, whereas Otto I received Pomerania-Szczecin south of these rivers.
Bogislaw X. Bogislaw X, "the Great", was Duke of Pomerania from 1474 until his death in 1523. Before Bogislaw's reign, the Duchy of Pomerania had for a long time been divided into several splinter duchies, ruled by relatives of the Griffin house.
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The lands of Pomerania were firstly ruled by local tribes, who settled in Pomerania around the 10th and 11th centuries.
The Duchy resulted from the partition of Świętobor, Duke of Pomerania, in which his son Wartislaw inherited the lands that would become in fact known as Pomerania.
1168–1325 feudal fief of Denmark under local rulers: 1. 1162–1170 Tezlaw 2. 1170–1217 Jaromar I 3. 1218–1249 Wizlaw I 4. 1249–1260 Jaromar II 5. 1260–1302 Wizlaw II 6. 1303–1325 Wizlaw III From 1325 Pomerania-Wolgast or -Barth: 1. 1325–1326 Wartislaw IV 2. 1326–1368 Bogislaw V, Wartislaw V, Barnim IV 3. 1368–1372 Wartislaw VI, Bogislaw VI 4. 1372–1394 Wartislaw VI 5. 1394–1415 Wartislaw VIII 6. 1415–1432/36 Swantibor II 7. 1432/36–1451 Barnim VIII 8. 1451–1457 Wartislaw IX 9. 1457–1478 Wartislaw X from 1474 part of Pomerania-Wolgast
In 1155, the lands who belonged to Świętopełk I became independent under Sobieslaw I, a possible descendant, who founded the House of Sambor and the Duchy of Pomerelia. The dukes of Pomerelia were using the Latin title dux Pomeraniae ("Duke of Pomerania") or dux Pomeranorum("Duke of the Pomeranians").Gerard Labuda (ed.), "Historia Pomorza", vol. 1–4, Poznan-Torun 1969–2003Edmund Kopicki, "Tabele dynastyczne", "Wykazy panujacych", in: "Katalog podstawowych monet i banknotow Polski oraz ziem z historycznie z Polska zwiazanych", vol. IX, part IZugmunt Boras, "Ksiazeta Pomorza Zachdniego", Poznań 1969, 1978, 1996Casimir Kozlowski, George Podralski, "Poczet Ksiazat Pomorza Zachdniego", KAW, Szczecin 1985
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Bogislaw XIV is killed in the Thirty Years' War in 1637 and Pomerania is taken by Sweden, ending the duchy. 1648 - 1807 The near-constant warfare and rapid change brought about by the Reformation and its Papal response, the Counter Reformation, is finally ended by the Peace of Westphalia, as is the Thirty Years' War .
The Protestant Reformation reached Pomerania in the early 16th century. Bogislaw X of the Duchy of Pomerania in 1518 sent his son, Barnim IX, to study in Wittenberg.In 1521, he personally attended a mass of Martin Luther in Wittenberg, and also of other reformed preachers in the following years.
1477 -- On September 21, Pomeranian Duke Bogislaw X, weds Margarete of Brandenburg, daughter of Elector Frederick II 1478 -- After the death of his uncle, Duke Wartislaw X, Duke Bogislaw X, assumes rule over entire Pomerania. 1486 -- In a contract, Duke Bogislaw X, brings the Cammin Bishop Benedict of Waldheim under his total dependency.
Bogislaw X: 1478-1523: Reunites the duchy in 1478. George I: 1523-1531: Son of Bogislaw X. Barnim IX: 1523-1531: Co-ruler with his brother, George I. Bogislaw XI: 1514: Son of George I. Died young. He never reigned, but he is counted as XI. The eleventh reigning Bogislaw was in fact Bogislaw XIII.
1046: A Zemuzil, Duke of Pomerania is the first documented duke of Pomerania, though the extent and location of his realm is unknown. 1056/57: The Lutici alliance breaks apart in a civil war, subsequent Obodrite eastward expansion; 1067/68 and 1069: Saxon expeditions raid and destroy Rethra, the main Liutician stronghold and temple.