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  1. Mieszko III the Old - Wikipedia

    According to the 1138 Testament of Bolesław III, Mieszko received the newly established Duchy of Greater Poland, comprising the western part of the short-lived Greater Poland. He had previously been duke of Poznań where he had his main residence.

    • c. 1126/1127
    • Cathedral of Saint Paul the Apostle, Kalisz
    • 1173–1177, 1191, 1198–1199, 1201
    • 13 March 1202 (aged 76), Kalisz
  2. Bolesław IV the Curly - Wikipediaław_IV

    Bolesław was the third son of Duke Bolesław III Wrymouth of Poland by his second wife Salomea of Berg. The death of his older brothers, Leszek and Casimir, before 1131 and in October 1131, respectively, left him as the eldest son of their parents.

  3. Leszek II the Black - Wikipedia

    Leszek II the Black (c. 1241 – 30 September 1288), was a Polish prince of the House of Piast, Duke of Sieradz since 1261, Duke of Łęczyca since 1267, Duke of Inowrocław during 1273-1278, Duke of Sandomierz and High Duke of Poland since 1279.

  4. Duke of Polen Boleslaw III Piast (1085 - 1138) - Genealogyłav-III-Piast...

    Wikipedia: Bolesław III Wrymouth (Polish: Bolesław III Krzywousty; b. 20 August 1086 – d. 28 October 1138), Duke of Poland from 1102 until 1138. He was the only child of Duke Władysław I Herman and his first wife Judith, daughter of Vratislaus II of Bohemia.

    • The Great King
    • Society Under The Reign of Casimir
    • Relationship with Polish Jews
    • Relationships with Children
    • Title and Style
    • Popular Culture
    • Gallery
    • See Also
    • External Links

    When Kaz­imierz at­tained the throne in 1333, his po­si­tion was in dan­ger, as his neigh­bours did not recog­nise his title and in­stead called him "king of Kraków". The king­dom was de­pop­u­lated and ex­hausted by war, and the econ­omy was ru­ined. In 1335, in the Treaty of Trentschin, Casimir was forced to re­lin­quish his claims to Sile­sia"in per­pe­tu­ity". Kaz­imierz re­built and his king­dom be­came pros­per­ous and wealthy, with great prospects for the fu­ture. He waged many vic­to­ri­ous wars and dou­bled the size of the king­dom, mostly through ad­di­tion of lands in mod­ern-day Ukraine (then called the Duchy of Ha­lych). Kaz­imierz built ex­ten­sively dur­ing his reign, or­der­ing the con­struc­tion of over 40 cas­tles, in­clud­ing many cas­tles along the Trail of the Eagle's Nests, and he re­formed the Pol­ish army. At the Sejm in Wiślica, on 11 March 1347, Kaz­imierz in­tro­duced re­forms to the Pol­ish ju­di­cial sys­tem and sanc­tioned civil and crim­i­nal codes for...

    Casimir was face­tiously named "the Peas­ants' King". He in­tro­duced the codes of law of Greater and Lesser Poland as an at­tempt to end the over­whelm­ing su­pe­ri­or­ity of the no­bil­ity. Dur­ing his reign all three major classes — the no­bil­ity, priest­hood, and bour­geoisie — were more or less coun­ter­bal­anced, al­low­ing Casimir to strengthen his monar­chic po­si­tion. He was known for sid­ing with the weak when the law did not pro­tect them from no­bles and cler­gy­men. He re­port­edly even sup­ported a peas­ant whose house had been de­mol­ished by his own mis­tress, after she had or­dered it to be pulled down be­cause it dis­turbed her en­joy­ment of the beau­ti­ful landscape.[citation needed]

    Due to his deep re­la­tion­ship with the leg­endary Es­terka who played a sig­nif­i­cant role in the King's life, Casimir was fa­vor­ably dis­posed to­ward Jews liv­ing in Poland. On 9 Oc­to­ber 1334, he con­firmed the priv­i­leges granted to Jews in 1264 by Bolesław V the Chaste. Under penalty of death, he pro­hib­ited the kid­nap­ping of Jew­ish chil­dren for the pur­pose of en­forced Chris­t­ian bap­tism, and he in­flicted heavy pun­ish­ment for the des­e­cra­tion of Jew­ish ceme­ter­ies. While Jews had lived in Poland since be­fore his reign, Casimir al­lowed them to set­tle in Poland in great num­bers and pro­tected them as peo­ple of the king.

    Casimir III was born in Kowal, and he mar­ried four times. Casimir first mar­ried Anna, or Al­dona Ona, the daugh­ter of Grand Duke Ged­im­i­nas of Lithua­nia. The mar­riage pro­duced two daugh­ters, Cu­ni­gunde (d. 1357), who was mar­ried to Louis VI the Roman, the son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Em­peror, and Elis­a­beth, who was mar­ried to Duke Bo­g­is­laus V of Pomera­nia. Al­dona died in 1339, and Casimir then mar­ried Ade­laide of Hesse. He di­vorced Ade­laide in 1356, mar­ried Christina, di­vorced her, and while Ade­laide and pos­si­bly Christina were still alive (ca. 1365), he mar­ried Hed­wig of Głogów and Sagan. He had three daugh­ters by his fourth wife, and they were still very young when he died, and re­garded as of du­bi­ous le­git­i­macy be­cause of Casimir's bigamy.

    Casimir's full title was: Casimir by the grace of God king of Poland and Rus­sia (Ruthe­nia), lord and heir of the land of Kraków, San­domierz, Sier­adz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Pomera­nia (Pomere­lia). The title in Latin was: Kaz­imirus, Dei gra­tia rex Polonie et Russie, nec non Cra­covie, San­domirie, Sir­adie, Lan­ci­cie, Cuiavie, et Pomeranieque Ter­rarum et Ducatuum Domi­nus et Heres.


    1. Casimir III the Great is one of the main characters in Polish historical drama series "Korona królów" ("The Crown of the Kings"). He is played by Mateusz Król.

    Computer games

    1. Casimir features as a playable leader in the computer strategy game Civilization V: Brave New World.

    The King's sar­coph­a­gus at Wawel Cathe­dral
    Ef­figy of Casimir from his own tomb erected by his nephewaround 1371
    Kaz­imierz the Great, by Mar­cello Bac­cia­relli
    Kaz­imierz the Great, by Jan Mate­jko

    His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrolog...

  5. Gniezno - Unionpedia, the concept map

    Bolesław II the Generous. Bolesław II the Generous, also known as the Bold and the Cruel (Bolesław II Szczodry; Śmiały; Okrutny; c. 1042 – 2 or 3 April 1081 or 1082), was Duke of Poland from 1058 to 1076 and third King of Poland from 1076 to 1079. New!!: Gniezno and Bolesław II the Generous · See more » Bretislav I

  6. Sep 09, 2016 · 9 Sep 2016 04:40:24 UTC: All snapshots: from host Linked from

  7. The history of Jews in Poland dates back at least 1,000 years. For centuries, Poland was home to the largest and most significant Jewish community in the world. Poland was a principal center of Jewish culture, because of the long period of statutory religious tolerance and social autonomy which ende

  8. History of the Jews in Poland - The Reader Wiki, Reader View ...

    The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over 1,000 years. For centuries, Poland was home to the largest and most significant Jewish community in the world. Poland was a principal center of Jewish culture, thanks to a long period of statutory religious tolerance and social autonomy which ended with the Partitions of Poland in the 18th century.

  9. translatologica_vol1_2017.pdf | Translations | Semantics

    An example could be found in the first act, scene III, (scene I in the corresponding English passage), where before the 5th line pronounced by Paolina, the English Tag, the following aside is added: “costui è più tristo d’un famiglio” [this man is meaner than a valet] (1768, p. 14), stressing the calm and practical reaction of the maid ...

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