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  1. Brass instrument - Wikipedia › wiki › Brass_wind_instrument

    A brass instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips. . Brass instruments are also called labrosones or labrophones, from Latin and Greek elements meaning 'lip' and 's

  2. Wind instrument - Wikipedia › wiki › Bell_(brass)

    The bell of a wind instrument is the round, flared opening opposite the mouthpiece. It is found on clarinets, saxophones, oboes, horns, trumpets and many other kinds of instruments. On brass instruments, the acoustical coupling from the bore to the outside air occurs at the bell for all notes, and the shape of the bell optimizes this coupling.

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  4. Brass instrument - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Brass_instrument

    A brass instrument is a musical instrument that you play by blowing through a mouthpiece to change the pitch, or note. Brass players use their breath to produce sound. Instead of blowing into a reed, they vibrate their lips by buzzing them against a metal cup-shaped mouthpiece. The mouthpiece helps to amplify the buzzing, which creates the sound.

  5. Woodwind instrument - Wikipedia › wiki › Woodwind_instrument

    Woodwind instrument. Woodwind instruments are a family of musical instruments within the more general category of wind instruments. Common examples include flute, clarinet, oboe, bassoon, and saxophone. There are two main types of woodwind instruments: flutes and reed instruments (otherwise called reed pipes). The main distinction between these ...

  6. Bore (wind instruments) - Wikipedia › wiki › Bore_(wind_instruments)

    Two instruments distinguished solely by bore. In music, the bore of a wind instrument (including woodwind and brass) is its interior chamber. This defines a flow path through which air travels, which is set into vibration to produce sounds. The shape of the bore has a strong influence on the instrument's timbre .

  7. Wind instrument — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Wind_instrument
    • Methods For Obtaining Different Notes
    • Types
    • Physics of Sound Production
    • Bell
    • Breath Pressure
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    Using different air columns for different tones, such as in the pan flute. These instruments can play several notes at once.
    Changing the length of the vibrating air column by changing the length of the tube through engaging valves (see rotary valve, piston valve) which route the air through additional tubing, thereby in...
    Changing the length of the vibrating air column by lengthening and/or shortening the tube using a sliding mechanism. This method is used on the trombone and the slide whistle.
    Changing the frequency of vibration through opening or closing holes in the side of the tube. This can be done by covering the holes with fingers or pressing a key which then closes the hole. This...

    Wind in­stru­ments are typ­i­cally grouped into two families: 1. Brass instruments (horns, trumpets, trombones, euphoniums, and tubas) 2. Woodwind instruments (recorders, flutes, oboes, clarinets, saxophones, and bassoons) Al­though brass in­stru­ments were orig­i­nally made of brass and wood­wind in­stru­ments have tra­di­tion­ally been made of wood, the names refer to the method by which a player pro­duces sound rather than the ma­te­r­ial of the in­stru­ment, which may vary. For ex­am­ple, the sax­o­phone is typ­i­cally made of brass, but is clas­si­fied as a wood­wind in­stru­ment be­cause it pro­duces sound with a vi­brat­ing reed. On the other hand, the didgeri­doo, the wooden cor­nett (not to be con­fused with the cor­net, which is made of brass), and the ser­pent are all made of wood (or plas­tic tub­ing, in the case of mod­ern ser­pents), and the olifant made from ivory, but all of them be­long to the fam­ily of brass in­stru­ments be­cause the vi­brat­ing is done by the pl...

    Sound pro­duc­tion in all wind in­stru­ments de­pends on the entry of air into a flow-con­trol valve at­tached to a res­o­nant cham­ber (res­onator). The res­onator is typ­i­cally a long cylin­dri­cal or con­i­cal tube, open at the far end. A pulse of high pres­sure from the valve will travel down the tube at the speed of sound. It will be re­flected from the open end as a re­turn pulse of low pres­sure. Under suit­able con­di­tions, the valve will re­flect the pulse back, with in­creased en­ergy, until a stand­ing waveforms in the tube. Reed in­stru­ments such as the clar­inet or oboe have a flex­i­ble reed or reeds at the mouth­piece, form­ing a pres­sure-con­trolled valve. An in­crease in pres­sure in­side the cham­ber will de­crease the pres­sure dif­fer­en­tial across the reed; the reed will open more, in­creas­ing the flow of air.The in­creased flow of air will in­crease the in­ter­nal pres­sure fur­ther, so a pulse of high pres­sure ar­riv­ing at the mouth­piece will re­flect...

    The bell of a wind in­stru­ment is the round, flared open­ing op­po­site the mouth­piece. It is found on clar­inets, sax­o­phones, oboes, horns, trum­pets and many other kinds of in­stru­ments. On brass in­stru­ments, the acousti­cal cou­pling from the bore to the out­side air oc­curs at the bell for all notes, and the shape of the bell op­ti­mizes this cou­pling. It also plays a major role in trans­form­ing the res­o­nances of the instrument.On wood­winds, most notes vent at the up­per­most open tone holes; only the low­est notes of each reg­is­ter vent fully or partly at the bell, and the bell's func­tion in this case is to im­prove the con­sis­tency in tone be­tween these notes and the oth­ers.

    Play­ing some wind in­stru­ments, in par­tic­u­lar those in­volv­ing high breath pres­sure re­sis­tance, pro­duce in­creases in in­traoc­u­lar pres­sure, which has been linked to glau­coma as a po­ten­tial health risk. One 2011 study fo­cused on brass and wood­wind in­stru­ments ob­served "tem­po­rary and some­times dra­matic el­e­va­tions and fluc­tu­a­tions in IOP". An­other study found that the mag­ni­tude of in­crease in in­traoc­u­lar pres­sure cor­re­lates with the in­tra­o­ral re­sis­tance as­so­ci­ated with the in­stru­ment and linked in­ter­mit­tent el­e­va­tion of in­traoc­u­lar pres­sure from play­ing high-re­sis­tance wind in­stru­ments to in­ci­dence of vi­sual field loss. The range of in­tra­o­ral pres­sure in­volved in var­i­ous classes of eth­nic wind in­stru­ments, such as Na­tive Amer­i­can flutes, has been shown to be gen­er­ally lower than West­ern clas­si­cal wind instruments.

    Wind In­stru­ment Sum­mary CDs are: "Mi­crosoft Mu­si­cal In­stru­ments" ( now out of pro­duc­tion but some­times avail­able on Ama­zon ), and "Tune­ful Tubes?" ( http://​sites.​google.​com/​site/​tunefultubes)

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