The Lower Paleolithic era in the Korean Peninsula and Manchuria began roughly half a million years ago. The earliest known Korean pottery dates to around 8000 BC, and the Neolithic period began after 6000 BC, followed by the Bronze Age by 2000 BC, and the Iron Age around 700 BC.
At first, Korea was divided into tribes but eventually organized kingdoms emerged. There were 3 of them, Goguryeo in the north and Silla and Baekje in the south. According to legend Silla was founded in 57 BC by Bak Hyeokgeose, Jumong founded Goguryeo in 37 BC and Onjo founded Baekje in 18 BC.
This is a revised, updated version of my booklet, Brief History of Korea, published in 1994 by the Korean Educational Development Institute in Seoul. It is an outgrowth of my lectures to English-speaking students, teachers and writers who have had little or no prior exposure to Korean history and culture. It
The First Republic, established in August 1948, adopted a presidential system, and Syngman Rhee was subsequently elected its first president. South Korea also adopted a National Security Law, which effectively prohibited groups that opposed the state or expressions of support for North Korea.
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South Korea is an extraordinary country filled with beautiful beaches, thriving cities, ancient temples, remarkable natural scenery and most importantly, friendly people. South Korea has come a long way since The Korean War ended in 1953.
Feb 02, 2018 · HISTORY OF KOREA Around A.D. 668, several competing kingdoms were unified into a single dominion on the Korean Peninsula. Successive regimes maintained Korean political and cultural independence...
The nation’s first constitution was established on July 17, 1948 following the general election of May 10, 1948. Consequently, the First Republic of South Korea was officially founded on August 15 with Syngman Rhee as the first president. South Korea’s Second Republic was characterized by immense democratic ruling.
May 27, 2021 · South Korea, country in East Asia that occupies the southern portion of the Korean peninsula. It faces North Korea across a demilitarized zone 2.5 miles (4 km) wide that was established by the terms of the 1953 armistice that ended fighting in the Korean War.
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South Korea is in eastern Asia and occupies the southern half of the Korean Peninsula and many islands. It borders both the Sea of Japan (also known as the East Sea) and the Yellow Sea. Its only land border is with North Korea along the 238 Km Korean Demilitarised Zone, a 4,000m strip of heavily guarded land separating the two countries. The majority of the country is hilly and mountainous and much of the uplands of the Korean Peninsula remain forested. There are wide cultivated coastal plains in the west and south of the country. The highest point in the country is the Hallasan volcano, which is 1,950m in height and found on Jeju Island. It is considered to be an active volcano though it has not erupted for hundreds of years. South Korea has three main mountain ranges: the T'aebaek and Sobaek ranges, and the Chiri Massif. Seoul, which is on the river Han, is now one of the world's largest cities and is the capital of South Korea.
According to myths, Korea was formed in 2333 BC by the god-king Tangun. Archaeological evidence, however, shows signs of life on the Korean Peninsula 700,000 years ago. It has existed either independently or as a collection of states for thousands of years and has experienced many invasions from neighbouring countries. Many of these were repelled despite considerable internal turmoil. Historically, the country has not welcomed foreign influence. It was a single independent country from the seventh century, when it was formed from three states, until the 20th century. The Russo-Japanese war resulted in the country becoming a protectorate of Japan in 1905 before being annexed as a colony in 1910. The following years of colonial rule were a time of growing resentment as Japan tried to suppress the Korean language and culture. Independence was regained at the end of World War Two when Japan surrendered to the United States in 1945. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was formed in the southern...
South Korea is a republic whose president is the head of state and whose prime minister is the head of government. It is a multi-party system. The president is elected for a single five-year term in office by popular vote. The prime minister is appointed by the president with the consent of the National Assembly. The National Assembly (Kukhoe) is made up of 299 seats; 245 are decided in single seat constituencies, the rest being elected by proportional representation. Members serve a four-year term. Legislative power is shared by the government and the National Assembly. A State Council is appointed by the president after recommendation by the prime minister. The country is divided into nine provinces and seven cities which are administratively separate: Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Ulsan, Daejeon and Gwangju. The legal system in South Korea is a mixture of European civil law, Anglo-American law and classical Chinese thought. A Supreme Court is run by justices appointed by the pres...
South Korea traditionally had an agricultural economy, which shifted towards manufacturing, and with service industries becoming increasingly important. It has a state-led market economy which has grown since the Korean War. The country benefited from economic aid from the United States following the war. It has developed from being one of the world's poorest countries to become one of the world's top 20 economies today. Growth was initially achieved through close ties between government and business and a combination of import restrictions and carefully targeted credit. The government promoted raw material and technology imports over consumer goods at the same time as encouraging savings and investment over consumption. However, problems with this model came to light in the Asian financial crisis of 1997-8. The country had high levels of debt and huge amounts of short-term foreign borrowing. Following the resulting drop in the economy, the government encouraged more openness to for...
South Korea lies in the region of the East Asian monsoon. It has a temperate climate with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold, dry and long while a typical summer is short, hot and humid. January is the coldest month of the year. There is nowhere else in the world at the same latitude that experiences such an extreme winter with so much snow and frost. There is more rainfall in summer as the monsoon passes over the country bringing high levels of humidity. Two-thirds of the annual rainfall occurs in the monsoon season, between June and September. Serious droughts can occur particularly in the southwest of the country where there is intense rice cultivation. Temperatures decrease northwards across the country, most notably in winter. South Korea typically experiences between one and three typhoons each year, usually in late summer. Typhoons bring torrential rain and can cause considerable flooding.
The Korean peninsula has remained largely peaceful since the signing of the armistice agreement following the Korean War. However, tensions between the two nations are constantly in flux. South Korea maintains a high state of readiness to potential military threats from North Korea and there are regular military training exercises held throughout the country. These can include civil defence drills where sirens are sounded, transport stopped and some people asked to take shelter. These can be held at short notice. Visitors should remain aware of such drills and exercises through the local media. The overall crime rate in South Korea is low. Burglary, both from homes and hotel rooms, pick-pocketing, purse snatching and assault are more common in the larger cities such as Seoul and Busan, as well as popular tourist destinations, such as Itaewon. Travellers should be cautious in popular nightlife areas and should use only legitimate taxis or other forms of public transport. Demonstratio...
South Korea has one of the most homogeneous populations in the world, which are thought to be descended from several Mongol tribes that migrated from Central Asia. The country has experienced very high levels of emigration with many South Koreans living in Japan, the United States, China and the former Soviet Union. Compared with many other rich countries, South Korea has a relatively small number of foreign immigrants. There is a significant Chinese population living in South Korea and there are now many foreigners living in the country to teach English.
Tourism is a fast-growing industry in South Korea, thanks to its many attractions, from the mountainous countryside to its long and spectacular coastline. There are many beaches which are popular with visitors; Jungmun beach at Jeju-do is perfect for waterskiing and windsurfing while Naksan beach is renowned for its beautiful sunrise. South Korea has 20 national parks which showcase the country's scenery. Sporting activities within these parks include walking and water sports; alternatively visitors can learn about the country's history. Jirisan is the largest national park and the Asiatic black bear can be spotted in its mountainous terrain. There are many temples, historical sites and palaces around South Korea which are popular with tourists wanting to learn more about the country's history, religion and culture. There are over 900 Buddhist temples on the Korean Peninsula; Bulguksa being the best known. Many of the countries historical monuments have been designated as UNESCO Wor...
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