The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional form of government by which a hereditary sovereign reigns as the head of state of the United Kingdom, its dependencies (the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man) and its overseas territories.
- Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland
- Monarchs of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
- Monarchs of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
House of Hanover
1. George I (1714 - 1727) 2. George II (1727 - 1760) 3. George III (1760 - 1801)
House of Hanover
1. George III (1801 - 1820) 2. George IV (1820 - 1830) (Regent1811-1820) 3. William IV (1830 - 1837) 4. Victoria (1837 - 1901)
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
The royal household changed its name to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha after Queen Victoria married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, but Victoria stayed part of the House of Hanover. With Monarchs it started in 1901. The name was changed in 1917by George V. 1. Edward VII (1901 - 1910)
House of Windsor
In 1917 King George V changed the royal house's name to Windsor because the United Kingdom was at war with Germanyand Saxe-Coburg-Gotha is a German name. 1. George V (1910 - 1922, changed name of house in 1917)
In 1922 Ireland was split into the future Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland stayed part of the United Kingdom. However, the name was not changed until 5 years later and George V continued to be King of Ireland until he died ("of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India").
Wikimedia Commons has media related to British monarchy. The main article for this category is Monarchy of the United Kingdom. This category contains articles on all aspects of monarchy in the United Kingdom and its predecessor kingdoms.
Family tree of the British royal family (more detailed) Lists of monarchs in the British Isles; References "The Continental Dynasties (1066–1216)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26. "The Plantagenet Dynasties (1216–1485)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy.
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- Reign of British monarchs
- Age of ascension
- Age differences, outgoing and succeeding monarchs
The following is a list of various statistical records relating to the monarchy of the United Kingdom and its predecessors and constituents.
The longest reign of a British monarch is that of the current monarch, Elizabeth II. The second longest reign is the 63 years 216 days of Victoria between 1837 and 1901. Queen Elizabeth II's reign became longer than Queen Victoria's on 9 September 2015. The third longest reign wa
The shortest-reigning monarch was Lady Jane Grey who ruled for 9 days from 6 July until 15 July 1553. Her husband Lord Guildford Dudley was her consort for the entire reign, making this the shortest tenure of the male consort of a female monarch. Note: Jane's reign is disputed. T
During the Middle Ages and the Mid-18th Century, a number of pretenders to the throne controlled all or a substantial portion of England and Scotland: 1. Empress Matilda: Daughter and only surviving child of Henry I of England, fought her cousin King Stephen for the throne. She h
The longest-lived British monarch and ruler is Queen Elizabeth II, the current monarch, who is now aged 95 years, 46 days, having surpassed her great-great-grandmother Victoria on 21 December 2007, who had held the record since 18 January 1901, surpassing her own grandfather Geor
Charles, Prince of Wales is the oldest heir apparent at 72 years, 204 days. Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is the oldest heir apparent to an heir apparent at 38 years, 350 days old. Prince George of Cambridge is the oldest heir apparent to an heir apparent to an heir apparent
The oldest ever heir presumptive was Sophia of Hanover, who lived from 14 October 1630 to 8 June 1714; she died prior to Queen Anne's own death. The oldest male heir presumptive was Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover and Duke of Cumberland, who was displaced as Queen Victoria's hei
The oldest monarch at the start of his reign was William IV who succeeded to the throne in 1830 at the age of 64 years 309 days. If the current Prince of Wales became the King today, he would be the oldest to do so at the age of 72 years, 204 days. The oldest female monarch at th
The youngest British monarch at the start of her reign was Mary, Queen of Scots, who became queen aged 6 days in 1542. The youngest king was Henry VI, who was 8 months and 26 days old at the time of his accession. The youngest queen consort was Isabella of Valois, second wife of
The greatest age difference of an outgoing British monarch and successor was 54 years and 217 days between George II and his grandson George III who succeeded on the former's death on 25 October 1760.
The smallest age difference of an outgoing British monarch and successor was 1 year and 171 days between Edward VIII and his brother George VI who succeeded on the former's abdication on 11 December 1936.
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The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of who is or is not a member of the British royal family. Many members support the Queen in undertaking public engagements and often pursue charitable work and interests.
The formal Jubilees of British monarchs started with George III. At the start of the 50th year of his reign, his jubilee was celebrated throughout the islands of Britain and Ireland and his colonial possessions. Later monarchs added other jubilee years.
The Mountbatten family is a British dynasty that originated as an English branch of the German princely Battenberg family.The name was adopted on 14 July 1917, just three days before the British royal family had its name changed to Windsor, by members of the Battenberg family residing in the United Kingdom, due to rising anti-German sentiment amongst the British public during World War I.