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  1. The palace is a setting for state occasions and royal hospitality. It has been a focus for the British people at times of national rejoicing and crisis. Buckingham Palace was built in 1703 by John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandy, as a townhouse residence in London. It was bought by the British royal family in 1761. It became the official London home of the family in 1837 and was greatly expanded in the 19th century.

  2. The Garden at Buckingham Palace is a large private park attached to the London residence of the monarch. It is situated at the rear (west) of Buckingham Palace, occupying a 42 acres (17 ha) site in the City of Westminster, and has two-and-a-half miles of gravel paths. Its area is bounded by Constitution Hill to the north, Hyde Park Corner to the west, Grosvenor Place to the south-west, and the Royal Mews, Queen's Gallery, and Buckingham Palace itself to the south and east.

    • 历史
    • 結構
    • 参见
    1703年至1705年,白金汉公爵在此建造了白金漢屋。
    1762年:乔治三世把该住宅买了下来,成为王后的私人宫殿。在隨後的75年主要由建築師約翰·納西及愛德華·布羅爾(Edward Blore)負責擴建,设计了三翼圍繞中央庭院的佈局。
    1825年:乔治四世聘请著名建筑师約翰·納西对白金汉府邸进行扩展,并将其改名为白金汉宫。
    1837年:维多利亚女王登上王位,皇室由圣詹姆斯宫迁往白金汉宫。这里成为英国王室的正式宫殿。

    白金漢宮不同於許多國家首都的著名歷史建築,白金漢宮并不是只供遊人參觀的博物館。這座宮殿是君主制的中心,是女王陛下作為英國國家元首和英聯邦領袖辦公和履行禮儀性職責的地方。女王平常會在白金漢宮工作,通常在周末會回到溫莎城堡。要知女王在不在宮殿里,只要看一看白金漢宮中央的旗桿就可以了﹔因為如果女王在宮里,旗桿上飄揚的會是君主旗,否則人們便會看到聯合王國旗(即英國國旗)。如遇到盛大的禮儀場合,在天氣允許的情況下,宮殿則會掛一面加大號的旗幟。 通常在聖誕節和一月期間,女王會住在諾福克的桑德林漢,她的私人莊園里。而八、九月則住在蘇格蘭高地上的巴爾莫勒爾堡。近年來,公眾可以趁女王公務日程的暑期間參觀白金漢宮的典禮廳,也就是其他時候用作官方職能和接見用的房間。迄今為止,白金漢宮已接待了來自世界各地的近400萬名參觀者。 白金汉宫的建筑风格为新古典主义,主体建筑为五层,其中两层为服务人员使用的附属层,高度较低。所以立面可以视为纵、横三段式处理。 白金汉宫建筑外立面装修材料为巴斯石灰岩。內部裝修則以人造大理石及青金岩為主。正面广场围以铸铁栅栏,为皇家卫队换岗仪式的场所。广场外为手持权杖、塑造为天使形象的维多利亚女王雕像。宫殿正面入口面向东北方,通过林荫路(The Mall)与特拉法尔加广场相连。 白金汉宫的附属建筑包括皇家畫廊、皇家馬廄和花园。皇家画廊和皇家马厩均对公众开放参观,其中皇家畫廊内收藏有鲁本斯、伦勃朗、弗美尔、盖恩斯巴勒、卡拉内罗等人的绘画作品、卡诺瓦等人的雕塑作品。

    • 1703年
    • 官邸
  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › BuckinghamBuckingham - Wikipedia

    Buckingham was the county town of Buckinghamshire from the 10th century, when it was made the capital of the newly formed shire of Buckingham, until Aylesbury took over this role early in the 18th century. Buckingham has a variety of restaurants and pubs, typical of a market town.

    • 12,890 {2011 Census}
    • South East
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  5. Buckingham Palace Road. Buckingham Palace Road is a street that runs through Victoria, London, from the south side of Buckingham Palace towards Chelsea, forming the A3214 road. It is dominated by Victoria Station .

    • Chelsea Road (18th century)
    • Victoria
  6. The Queen's Guard is the name given to the contingent of infantry responsible for guarding Buckingham Palace and St James's Palace (including Clarence House) in London. The guard is made up of a company of soldiers from a single regiment, which is split in two, providing a detachment for Buckingham Palace and a detachment for St James's Palace.

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