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  1. Byzantine Empire - Wikipedia › wiki › Byzantine_Empire

    The Byzantine Empire was a theocracy, said to be ruled by God working through the Emperor. Jennifer Fretland VanVoorst argues, "The Byzantine Empire became a theocracy in the sense that Christian values and ideals were the foundation of the empire's political ideals and heavily entwined with its political goals."

    • 3 min
    • Byzantium. The term “Byzantine” derives from Byzantium, an ancient Greek colony founded by a man named Byzas. Located on the European side of the Bosporus (the strait linking the Black Sea to the Mediterranean), the site of Byzantium was ideally located to serve as a transit and trade point between Europe and Asia.
    • Byzantine Empire Flourishes. The eastern half of the Roman Empire proved less vulnerable to external attack, thanks in part to its geographic location.
    • Eastern Roman Empire. As a result of these advantages, the Eastern Roman Empire, variously known as the Byzantine Empire or Byzantium, was able to survive for centuries after the fall of Rome.
    • Justinian I. Justinian I, who took power in 527 and would rule until his death in 565, was the first great ruler of the Byzantine Empire. During the years of his reign, the empire included most of the land surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, as Justinian’s armies conquered part of the former Western Roman Empire, including North Africa.
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  3. Byzantine Empire - World History Encyclopedia › Byzantine_Empire

    Sep 19, 2018 · The Byzantine Empire was the longest-lasting medieval power, and its influence continues today, especially in the religion, art, architecture, and law of many Western states, Eastern and Central Europe, and Russia.

    • Mark Cartwright
  4. History of the Byzantine Empire - Wikipedia › History_of_the_Byzantine_Empire

    This history of the Byzantine Empire covers the history of the Eastern Roman Empire from late antiquity until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453 AD. Several events from the 4th to 6th centuries mark the transitional period during which the Roman Empire's east and west divided.

  5. Byzantine Empire - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Byzantine_Empire

    The Byzantine Empire (or Eastern Roman Empire) was the name of the eastern remnant of the Roman Empire which survived into the Middle Ages. Its capital was Constantinople, which today is called Istanbul. Unlike the Western Roman Empire, the most important language was Greek, not Latin, and Greek culture and identity dominated.

    • Theocratic Monarchy (with Senate of Constantinople as advisory body)
    • Latin (official until 610), Greek (official after 610)
  6. History of the Byzantine Empire (Byzantium) | Live Science › 42158-history-of-the
    • Origins
    • Justinian I
    • The Byzantine Dark Age
    • Byzantine Comeback?
    • The Fourth Crusade
    • The End of The Byzantine Empire

    Constantine I took control of the Roman Empire after winning the Battle of the Milvian Bridge in October of A.D. 312. The events before the battle are steeped in legend, but Constantine is said to have had some sort of religious experience that resulted in his warming to Christianity. Gregory notes that he was baptized shortly before his death in A.D. 337.Gregory notes that Constantine brought in a number of important changes that laid the foundations for the Byzantine Empire.“The most signif...

    Justinian I became emperor in 527. While it is said that the golden age of Byzantium occurred during his reign Justinian's rule certainly did not start off as golden. He came to power because he was the nephew, and adopted son, of his uncle, Justin I, a palace soldier who had usurped the throne.In 532, just five years into his rule, Constantinople was hit by the Nika riots (Nika means “victory” or “conquer”). The ancient wrier Procopius (who lived in the sixth century A.D.) wrote that Constan...

    The centuries after Justinian’s death are sometimes referred to as the Byzantine “Dark Age” and for good reason, as a series of misfortunes befell the empire.In the west, much of the territory that Justinian had captured was lost. By the beginning of the seventh century, “much of Italy was under Lombard rule, Gaul was in Frankish hands and the coastal regions of Spain, the final acquisition of Justinian’s re-conquest, were soon to fall to the Visigoths,” writes Andrew Louth, a professor at Du...

    Byzantium never returned to the “golden age” it had reached during Justinian’s rule. Nevertheless, the military situation stabilized in the ninth century and by the 11th century, Byzantium had gained back a considerable amount of territory that it had lost.By the time of the death of Emperor Basil II in December 1025, after a reign of almost 50 years, Byzantium was “the dominant power of the Balkans and Middle East, with apparently secure frontiers along the Danube, in the Armenian highlands...

    A pivotal moment in the history of the Byzantine Empire occurred in 1204, when an army of crusaders from the west sacked Constantinople and installed a short-lived line of rulers to rule it. The idea of Christians crusading against other Christians was strange even by the standards of the Middle Ages.There are a number of reasons why it came to this. An important reason is that in the decades preceding the sacking, the Byzantines had become estranged from their former allies in the west. The...

    While Constantinople was once again under control of a Greek ruler, its end was drawing near. The empire struggled on into the 15th century, the emperors gradually losing their importance in favor of religious officials. In 1395, Patriarch Anthony actually had to give a speech explaining why the Byzantine emperor was still important.“The holy emperor has a great place in the church, for he is not like other rulers or governors of other regions. This is so because from the beginning the empero...

  7. Byzantine culture and society (article) | Khan Academy › humanities › world-history

    The Byzantine Empire had an important cultural legacy, both on the Orthodox Church and on the revival of Greek and Roman studies, which influenced the Renaissance. The East-West Schism in 1054 divided the Christian world into the Orthodox Church—now the Eastern Orthodox Church—the Catholic Church—now the Roman Catholic Church.

  8. Middle Ages for Kids: Byzantine Empire › history › middle_ages_byzantine

    History >> Middle Ages When the Roman Empire split into two separate empires, the Eastern Roman Empire became known as the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire continued on for 1000 years after the Western Roman Empire, including Rome, collapsed in 476 CE. The Byzantine Empire ruled most of Eastern and Southern Europe throughout the Middle Ages.

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