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  1. Cairo - Wikipedia › wiki › Cairo

    The Cairo Geniza is an accumulation of almost 200,000 Jewish manuscripts that were found in the genizah of the Ben Ezra synagogue (built 882) of Fustat, Egypt (now Old Cairo), the Basatin cemetery east of Old Cairo, and a number of old documents that were bought in Cairo in the later 19th century. These documents were written from about 870 to ...

    • 23 m (75 ft)
    • Egypt
  2. Cairo - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Cairo

    Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة ‎, usually transliterated as Al-Qāhirah) is the capital and largest city in Egypt. The city name can be translated as the one who won. Cairo is sometimes called "Mother of the World" (Um al Dunya). Cairo has 7,947,121 people.

  3. Cairo - Wikipedia › wiki › Cairo

    The Cairo Govrenorate is juist north o the Helwan Govrenorate, which wis creatit in 2008 when some o Cairo's soothren destricts, includin Maadi an New Cairo, wur split aff an annexed intae the new govrenorate. Economy. Cairo is an aa in ivery respect the centre o Egyp, as it haes been amaist syne its foondin in 969 AD.

    • 453 km² (175 sq mi)
    • Cairo
    • Abdel Qawi Khalifa
    • Egyp
  4. Cairo Governorate - Wikipedia › wiki › Cairo_Governorate
    • Summary
    • Overview
    • Governor
    • Industrial zones
    • Projects and programs

    Cairo Governorate is the most populated of the governorates of Egypt. Its capital, the city of Cairo, is the national capital of Egypt, and is part of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area. Because it is completely urbanized, the governorate is considered a city proper, and functions as a municipality. However, there are uninhabited desert areas. Parts of the governorate were separated in April 2008 to form the Helwan Governorate, only to be reincorporated into the Cairo Governorate in April 2011.

    The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate, but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.

    The former governor was Galal Saeed, who previously served as Minister of Transport under Kamal Ganzouri. The current governor is Khaled Abdel-Aal Abdel-Hafez, appointed 30 August 2018.

    According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones, in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment, the following industrial zones are located in this governorate: 1. Torah and 4. Shaq Al Tho’ban 2. South Helwan 3. Katamia 4. Shaq Al Tho’ban 5. Al Robeky 6. Al Maasara 7. Division Maadi Company for Development and Reconstruction 8. Egypt-Ismailia. Road - Al Nozha District 9. El Salam City 10. El Marg District 11. El Sharabya District 12. Badr City 13. 15 May 14 ...

    In a program that began on 28 August 2012, the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Cairo Governorate.

    • 3,085 km² (1,191 sq mi)
    • Egypt
    • Khaled Abdel-Aal Abdel-Hafez
    • Cairo (capital)
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  6. Cairo - Wikipedia › wiki › Cairo

    Cairo (în arabă القاهرة, Al-Qāhirah, însemnând „cea triumfătoare”, „cea învingătoare”; în coptă: ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ, transliterat Kahire) este capitala Egiptului cu o populație estimată între 16 și 20 de milioane de locuitori și o suprafață de 453 km 2. Este cel mai mare oraș din Africa.

    • 6.758.581 locuitori
    • 453 km²
    • 969 d.Hr.
    • 23 m.d.m.
  7. Egypt - Wikipedia › wiki › Egypt

    The Arab League briefly moved from Egypt to Tunis in 1978 to protest the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty, but it later returned to Cairo in 1989. Gulf monarchies, including the United Arab Emirates [155] and Saudi Arabia , [156] have pledged billions of dollars to help Egypt overcome its economic difficulties since the overthrow of Morsi.

  8. Islamic Cairo - Wikipedia › wiki › Islamic_Cairo

    The history of Cairo begins, in essence, with the conquest of Egypt by Muslim Arabs in 640, under the commander 'Amr ibn al-'As. Although Alexandria was the capital of Egypt at that time (and had been throughout the Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine periods), the Arab conquerors decided to establish a new city called Fustat to serve as the administrative capital and military garrison center of ...

    • 523.66 ha (1,294.0 acres)
    • 1979 (3rd session)
  9. City of the Dead (Cairo) - Wikipedia › wiki › City_of_the_Dead_(Cairo)
    • Overview
    • Name and etymology
    • History
    • Geography and description
    • Population and socioeconomic status (present day)
    • In popular culture

    The necropolis is separated roughly into two regions: the Northern Cemetery to the north of the Citadel, and the older Southern Cemetery to the south of the Citadel. There is also another smaller cemetery north of Bab al-Nasr. The necropolis that makes up "the City of the Dead" has been developed over many centuries and contains both the graves of Cairo's common population as well as the elaborate mausoleums of many of its historical rulers and elites. It started with the early city of Fustat an

    While the "City of the Dead" is a designation frequently used in English, the Arabic name is "al-Qarafa". The name is a toponym derived from the Banu Qarafa ibn Ghusn ibn Wali clan, a Yemeni clan descended from the Banu Ma'afir tribe, which once had a plot of land in the city of Fustat.:123 The land became abandoned and disused following a famine in the 11th century and was probably then used as a burial ground, which led to the name Qarafa being used to denote Cairo's urban cemeteries in genera

    The beginnings of Cairo's necropolis date back to the foundation and subsequent growth of the city of Fustat, founded in 642 CE by 'Amr ibn al-'As, the Arab Muslim commander who led the conquest of Egypt. The early Muslim city was divided into multiple khittat or plots of land th

    The Fatimid dynasty revived or reintroduced ancient Egyptian traditions of building monumental mausoleums and of visiting ancestors' graves, which subsequently changed the character of the cemeteries. One impetus for this was the presence of the tombs of a number of descendants o

    The Qarafa received new attention under the Ayyubid dynasty, who repaired some monuments and aqueducts and re-initiated urbanization in parts of the cemeteries. Most significantly, Salah ad-Din built the first Sunni madrasa in Egypt, based on the Shafi'i madhhab, right next to th

    The City of the Dead consists of a long belt of cemeteries and mausoleums stretching for roughly 4 miles along the eastern edge of the historic city. It is divided into two parts by the Citadel of Cairo: the "Southern" Cemetery and "Northern" Cemetery, referring to the regions south and north of the Citadel. East of the cemeteries rise the Mokattam hills, which historically blocked their expansion in that direction. North of the historic city is also the Bab al-Nasr Cemetery, named after the nor

    Estimating the population of the "City of the Dead" is problematic due to difficulties in defining it precisely. It does not correspond to one administrative district in the Egyptian census but stretches across several, with some cemeteries blending into the main urban fabric of

    The City of the Dead has been characterized as a slum; however, this characterization is not endorsed by everyone and has been criticized for relying too heavily on the story of the "tomb-dwellers", whose existence has been sensationalized in the media and whose numbers are almos

    Regardless of their actual living conditions in the cemetery zones, the residents do live in a socially and politically precarious position. Although the tradition of visiting and spending time with the graves of relatives dates back to Ancient Egypt and is still practiced to som

    Bestselling author Warren Adler's historical thriller Mother Nile is set in the City of the Dead during the reign of King Farouk of Egypt.

  10. Cairo International Airport - Wikipedia › wiki › Cairo_International_Airport
    • Overview
    • History
    • Terminals
    • Facilities

    Cairo International Airport is the principal international airport of Cairo and the busiest airport in Egypt and serves as the primary hub for EgyptAir and Nile Air as well as several other airlines. The airport is located in Heliopolis, to the northeast of Cairo around 15 kilometres from the business area of the city and has an area of approximately 37 square kilometres. It is the second busiest airport in Africa after OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg.

    During World War II, the United States Army Air Forces built John Payne Field Air Force Base to serve the Allied Forces, rather than take over the existing Almaza Airport located 5 kilometres away. Payne Field was a major Air Transport Command air cargo and passenger hub, connecting westwards through Benghazi Airport to Algiers airport on the North African route to Dakar Airport, in French West Africa. Other locations which transport routes were flown were RAF Habbaniya, Iraq on the Cairo ...

    The terminal facilities include Departure Hall 1, International Hall 3, and Hall 4 for private and non-commercial aircraft services. As part of the recent upgrading and facility improvement scheme, the CAA demolished the old Hall 3, previously used for domestic arrivals and departures, to reconstruct a new hall to be used for international arrivals. Terminal 1 is locally known as the "Old Airport," although its facilities were recently given a complete overhaul and are newer than those of Termin

    The airport has four terminals, the third opened on 27 April 2009 and the Seasonal Flights Terminal opened on 20 September 2011. Terminal 2 was closed in April 2010 for major renovation works and was reopened on 28 September 2016. A third parallel runway replaced the crossing run

    With the national carrier, EgyptAir, and the Egyptian authorities planning to develop the airport as a hub for the Middle East and Africa, the airport facilities are in constant development.

    • 382 ft / 116 m
    • 14,711,500
    • Cairo Airport Company
    • Heliopolis
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