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  1. The area of the canton of Geneva is 282 square kilometers (108.9 sq mi). The canton of located in the extreme west of Switzerland. Excluding the exclave of the municipality of Céligny, the canton shares 95% of its border with France: 103km out a total of 107.5km, the remaining 4.5km are shared with Vaud.

  2. The University of Zurich ( UZH, German: Universität Zürich ), located in the city of Zürich, is the largest university in Switzerland, with its 28,000 enrolled students. It was founded in 1833 from the existing colleges of theology, law, medicine which go back to 1525, and a new faculty of philosophy .

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    The main lan­guages of Swiss res­i­dents from 1950 to 2015, in per­cent­ages, were as follows: In 2012, for the first time, re­spon­dents could in­di­cate more than one lan­guage, caus­ing the per­cent­ages to ex­ceed 100%.


    The Ger­man-speak­ing part of Switzerland (Ger­man: Deutsch­schweiz, French: Suisse alémanique, Ital­ian: Sviz­ze­ra tedesca, Ro­mansh: Svizra tudestga) con­sti­tutes about 65% of Switzer­land (North West­ern Switzer­land, East­ern Switzer­land, Cen­tral Switzer­land, most of the Swiss Plateau and the greater part of the Swiss Alps). In sev­en­teen of the Swiss can­tons, Ger­man is the only of­fi­cial lan­guage (Aar­gau, Ap­pen­zell Ausser­rho­den, Ap­pen­zell In­nerrho­den, Basel-Stadt, Base...


    Ro­mandy (French: Ro­man­die, la Suisse romande, Ger­man: Ro­man­die, Welsch­land, Welsch­schweiz, or in some con­texts: Westschweiz,[note 1] Ital­ian: Sviz­ze­ra romanda) is the French-speak­ing part of Switzer­land. It cov­ers the area of the can­tons of Geneva, Vaud, Neuchâtel, and Jura as well as the French-speak­ing parts of the can­tons of Bern (Ger­man-speak­ing ma­jor­ity), Valais (French-speak­ing ma­jor­ity), and Fri­bourg(French-speak­ing ma­jor­ity). 1.9 mil­lion peo­ple (or 24.4%...


    Ital­ian Switzerland (Ital­ian: Sviz­ze­ra italiana, Ro­mansh: Svizra taliana, French: Suisse italienne, Ger­man: ita­lie­ni­sche Schweiz) is the Ital­ian-speak­ing part of Switzer­land, which in­cludes the can­ton of Ti­cino and the south­ern part of Grisons. Ital­ian is also spo­ken in the Gondo Val­ley (lead­ing to the Sim­plon Pass, on the south­ern part of the wa­ter­shed) in Valais. The tra­di­tional ver­nac­u­lar of this re­gion is the Lom­bard lan­guage, specif­i­cally its Tici­nese d...

    Be­sides the na­tional lan­guages and the many va­ri­eties of Swiss Ger­man, sev­eral re­gional Ro­mance lan­guages are spo­ken na­tively in Switzer­land: Franco-Provençal and Lom­bard. About 20,000 Ro­mani speak Sinte, an Indic lan­guage. Five sign lan­guages are used: Swiss-Ger­man, French, Ital­ian, Aus­trian, and Ger­man.

    To avoid hav­ing to trans­late the name of Switzer­land in the four na­tional languages,[note 2] Latin is used on the coins of the Swiss franc (Hel­ve­tia or Con­foed­er­a­tio Helvetica) and on Swiss stamps (Hel­ve­tia). The coun­try code top-level do­main for Switzer­land on the in­ter­net is .ch, the ab­bre­vi­a­tion of the Latin name, Con­foed­er­a­tio Helvetica (Swiss Con­fed­er­a­tion); sim­i­larly, the In­ter­na­tional ve­hi­cle reg­is­tra­tion code for Swiss au­to­mo­biles is "CH". The Fed­eral Palace of Switzer­land bears the in­scrip­tion Curia Con­foed­er­a­tio­nis Helveticae. To have a unique name across the coun­try (with­out fa­vor­ing Ger­man or Eng­lish), sev­eral Swiss foun­da­tions and as­so­ci­a­tions have Latin names, such as Pro Hel­ve­tia, Pro In­fir­mis, Pro Ju­ven­tute, Pro Natura, Pro Pa­tria, Pro Senec­tute, Pro Specie Rara, etc.[citation needed]

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    The canton of Zurich consists of lands acquired by the capital Zurich after it became reichsfrei in 1218, especially after the revolution of the guilds in 1336. Zurich joined the Swiss Confederacy in 1351. The lower part of the canton was added to the territories of Zurich in 1362. Zurich claimed and lost the Toggenburg in the Old Zurich War of the 1440s. The northern parts up to the river Rhine came to the canton after the city of Zurich purchased Winterthur from the Habsburgs in 1468. Possessions to the west gained independence from Zurich as parts of the Canton of Aargauin 1803. The people approved a new constitution for the canton in February 2005, replacing the 1869 constitution. The new constitution took effect in January 2006. The Antiquarische Gesellschaft in Zürichis an organization devoted to preserving the canton's history.

    The canton of Zurich is situated north of the Alps. Its neighbouring cantons are Schaffhausen to the north, Aargau to the west, the cantons of Zug and Schwyz to the south and the cantons of Thurgau and St.Gallen to the east. Most of the Lake Zurichis located within the canton. The canton can be roughly divided into the city and lake, the Unterland in the northwest, the Oberland in the southeast, the Weinland and Winterthur in the northeast, and the Knonaueramt southwest of the Albis. Greater Zurich Areaextends beyond the cantonal borders. Zürich has an area, as of 2011[update], of 1,728.8 square kilometers (667.5 sq mi). Of this area, 43.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 20.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and 5.8% is unproductive land.[3] The main lakes are the Lake Zurich, the Greifensee and the Pfäffikersee. Smaller lakes are Türlersee, Katzensee, Hüttnersee, Grosser Husemersee, Mettmenhaslisee, Lützelsee, Egelsee and Seewei...

    Legislative power

    The Cantonal Councilhas 180 members elected every four years.

    Executive power

    The canton is governed by a seven member council (Regierungsrat). On 03 April 2011, the following were elected for four years [5]: 1. Ursula Gut (FDP) 2. Martin Graf (Green Party of Switzerland) 3. Thomas Heiniger(FDP) 4. Mario Fehr (SP) 5. Regine Aeppli(SP) 6. Markus Kägi (SVP) 7. Ernst Stocker(SVP)


    The Canton is divided into 12 districts (German: Bezirke): 1. Zurich comprises the city of Zurich 2. Affoltern with capital Affoltern am Albis 3. Andelfingen with capital Andelfingen 4. Bülach with capital Bülach 5. Dielsdorf with capital Dielsdorf 6. Dietikon with capital Dietikon 7. Hinwil with capital Hinwil 8. Horgen with capital Horgen 9. Meilen with capital Meilen 10. Pfäffikon with capital Pfäffikon 11. Uster with capital Uster 12. Winterthur with capital Winterthur


    There are 171 municipalities in the canton (Politische Gemeinden).

    In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 29.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP/PS (19.3%), the FDP (11.6%) and the GLP Party (11.5%).[6] The SVP received about the same percentage of the vote as they did in the 2007 Federal election (33.9% in 2007 vs 29.8% in 2011). The SPS retained about the same popularity (19.8% in 2007), the FDP retained about the same popularity (13.2% in 2007) and the GLP retained about the same popularity (11.5% in 2007).[7]

    Zürich has a population (as of December 2011[update]) of 1,390,124.[2] As of 2010[update], 23.7% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of 12.7%. Migration accounted for 10.3%, while births and deaths accounted for 2.6%.[3] Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (1,040,168 or 83.4%) as their first language, Italian is the second most common (49,750 or 4.0%) and Serbo-Croatian is the third (21,334 or 1.7%). There are 17,685 people who speak French and 2,606 people who speak Romansh.[8] Of the population in the canton, 314,394 or about 25.2% were born in Zürich and lived there in 2000. There were 291,631 or 23.4% who were born in the same canton, while 284,461 or 22.8% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 310,532 or 24.9% were born outside of Switzerland.[8] As of 2000[update], children and teenagers (0-19 years old) make up 20.5% of the population, while adults (20-64 years o...

    In 1519, Huldrych Zwingli became the pastor of the Grossmünster in Zurich, and soon thereafter Zurich became a reformed or Protestant canton. Even though Zwingli died in battle in 1531, the canton remained a stronghold of the Swiss Reformed Church over the following centuries. While a plurality of the population is Protestant (43%), 31% of the population was Roman Catholic in 2004,[11]a legacy of considerable immigration from Southern Europe. From the 2000 census[update], 380,440 or 30.5% were Roman Catholic, while 497,986 or 39.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 29,592 members of an Orthodox church (or about 2.37% of the population), there were 1,435 individuals (or about 0.11% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 70,897 individuals (or about 5.68% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 6,461 individuals (or about 0.52% of the population) who were Jewish, an...

    Most of the land is cultivated, but the canton of Zurich is not considered as an agricultural area. The lands to the north and east are more agricultural, but in every part of the canton manufacturing predominates. The canton of Zurich is noted for machinery. Silk and cotton weaving were important in the past, but have now ceased to be of importance. There is a large paper industry. Small and middle sized companies are important contributors to the economy of the canton of Zurich. The city of Zurich is a major banking centre, and insurance is also of importance. As of 2010[update], Zürich had an unemployment rate of 3.9%. As of 2008[update], there were 12,507 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 4,227 businesses involved in this sector. 143,231 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 11,383 businesses in this sector. 655,848 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 58,796 businesses in this sector.[3] In 2008[update] the total number...

    Railways in standard gauge run through all major valleys in the canton. The centre for transport is Zurich, where a great number of local railways connect to national and international rail links. The railway station of the city of Zurich, Zürich Hauptbahnhof, is one of the busiest in Europe, counting the number of arriving and departing trains. Zurich is well connected to other European cities using rail links. The major trains ICE, TGV and Cisalpinoconnect to Zurich. The first Swiss railway ran in the Limmat valley in 1847, connecting Zurich to Baden. The major airport of Switzerland is located in Zurich-Kloten, a mere 12 kilometres from the city centre of Zurich. It is home to Swiss International Air Lines The A1, A3 and A4 motorways run through the canton. Other motorways and expressways which also run through the canton include the A7, the A51, the A52 and the A53. Major hubs are Zurich and Winterthur.

    In Zürich about 493,209 or (39.5%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 212,154 or (17.0%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 212,154 who completed tertiary schooling, 55.8% were Swiss men, 25.5% were Swiss women, 11.6% were non-Swiss men and 7.1% were non-Swiss women.[8]

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    The University of Zurich was founded on April 29, 1833, when the existing colleges of theology, the Carolinum founded by Huldrych Zwingliin 1525, law and medicine were merged with a new faculty of Philosophy. It was the first university in Europe to be founded by the state rather than a monarch or church. In the University's early years, the 1839 appointment of the German theologian David Friedrich Strauss to its Chair of Theology caused a major controversy, since Strauss argued that the miracles in the Christian New Testament were mythical retellings of normal events as supernatural happenings.Eventually, the authorities offered Strauss a pension before he had a chance to start his duties. The university allowed women to attend philosophy lectures from 1847, and admitted the first female doctoral student in 1866. The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine was added in 1901, the second-oldest such faculty in the world. In 1914, the university moved to new premises designed by the architect...

    The university is scattered all over the city of Zürich. Members of the university can use several libraries, including the ETH-library, and the Zurich Central Library, with over 5 million volumes. In 1962, the faculty of science proposed to establish the Irchelpark campus on the Strickhofareal. The first stage the construction of the university buildings was begun in 1973, and the campus was inaugurated in 1979. The construction of the second stage lasted from 1978 to 1983. The campus also houses the anthropological museum Anthropologisches Museum, and the cantonal Staatsarchiv Zürich.

    In the fields of bioscience and finance, there is a close-knit collaboration between the University of Zurich and the ETH(Federal Institute for Technology, just across the road).

    The university's Academic Sports Association (ASVZ) offers a wide range of sports facilities to students of the university.

  3. The former canton school Zurich, color aquatint from the 19th century Forerunners of the grammar schools in modern times were the monastery schools in the Middle Ages , which were run by a church institution and mainly served the training of prospective priests.

  4. He endowed the Benedictine convent with the lands of Zurich, Uri, and the Albis forest, and granted the convent immunity, placing it under his direct authority. Today, it belongs to the Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Zürich and is one of the four main churches of Zürich, the others being the Grossmünster, Prediger and St. Peter ...

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