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  1. France in the Middle Ages - Wikipedia

    Charles I of Hungary (1301): scion of the Capetian House of Anjou, King of Hungary and Croatia Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor : became a vassal of Philip IV of France while Count of Luxembourg. Philip IV advanced the candidacy of his brother Charles of Valois for the imperial throne, but the German electors were unwilling to expand French influence even further.

  2. Charles I of Anjou - Wikipedia,_King_of_Sicily

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Charles I (early 1226/1227 – 7 January 1285), commonly called Charles of Anjou, was a member of the royal Capetian dynasty and the founder of the second House of Anjou. He was Count of Provence (1246–85) and Forcalquier (1246–48, 1256–85) in the Holy Roman Empire, Count of Anjou and Maine (1246–85) in France; he was also King of Sicily (1266–85) and Prince of Achaea (1278–85).

    • 5 January 1266
    • Manfred
  3. House of Bourbon - Wikipedia

    The name House of Bourbon was then used to describe the entire House of France, officially since 29 June 1768, date of death of Hélène de Courtenay (1689–1768), with which was extinguished the Capetian House of Courtenay, extinction which made the House of France the only branch dynasty resulting from the dukes of Bourbon.

  4. Louis of Toulouse - Wikipedia

    Louis of Toulouse (9 February 1274 – 19 August 1297) was a Neapolitan prince of the Capetian House of Anjou and a Catholic bishop

    • 19 August
    • April 7, 1317 by John XXII
  5. Capetian House of Anjou - Unionpedia, the concept map

    The Capetian House of Anjou was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct French House of Capet, part of the Capetian dynasty. 135 relations.

  6. Charles I of Anjou | Military Wiki | Fandom
    • Early Life
    • Wider Ambitions
    • Mediterranean Empire
    • Collapse
    • Family
    • Legacy


    Charles was the youngest child of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile. The date of his birth was not recorded, but he was most probably a posthumous son, born in early 1227.[note 1] Charles was Louis's only surviving son to be "born in the purple" (after his father's coronation), as he often emphasized it in his youth, according to Matthew Paris. He was the first Capet to be named for Charlemagne. Louis willed that his youngest sons were to be prepared for a career in the Roman Cathol...

    Provence and Anjou

    Raymond Berengar V of Provence died in August 1245. He bequeathed Provence and Forcalquier to his youngest daughter, Beatrice, because he had allegedly given generous dowries to her three sisters. The dowries were actually not fully discharged, or at least her two sisters, Margaret (Louis IX's wife) and Eleanor (the wife of Henry III of England), thought that they were unlawfully disinherited. Their mother, Beatrice of Savoy, claimed that Raymond Berengar had willed the usufructof Provence to...

    Seventh Crusade

    Louis IX had taken a vow to lead a crusade in December 1244. Ignoring their mother's strong opposition, his three brothers—Robert, Alphonse and Charles—also took the Cross. Preparations for the crusade lasted for years, thus the crusaders embarked at Aigues-Mortes on 25 August 1248. After spending several months in Cyprus, they invaded Egypt on 5 June 1249. They captured Damietta and decided to attack Cairo in November. During their advance, Jean de Joinville noticed Charles' personal courage...

    Conflicts and consolidation

    During Charles' absence, rebellions had broken out in Provence. He applied both diplomacy and military force to deal with them. The archbishop of Arles and the bishop of Digne ceded their secular rights in the two towns to Charles in 1250. He received military assistance from his brother, Alphonse. Arles was the first town to surrender to them in April 1251. In May, they forced Avignon to acknowledge their joint rule. A month later, Barral of Baux also capitulated. Marseilles was the only tow...

    Conquest of the Regno

    Louis IX decided to support Charles' military campaign to Italy in May 1263. Pope Urban IV promised to proclaim a crusade against Manfred, while Charles pledged that he would not accept any offices in the Italian towns. Manfred staged a coup in Rome, but the Guelphs balked his plan and elected Charles senator.He accepted the office, for which a group of cardinals requested the pope to revoke the agreement with him; the pope, being defenseless against Manfred, could not break with Charles. In...


    Charles was lenient with Manfred's supporters, but they did not believe that this conciliatory policy could last. They knew that he had promised to return estates to the Guelph lords expelled from the Regno. Neither could Charles achieve the commoners' loyalty, especially because he continued levying an irksome tax, the subventio generalis, although the popes had declared it an illegal charge. He introduced a ban on the use of foreign currency in large transaction and made a profit of the com...


    The widowed Charles married Margaret of Nevers in November 1268. She was co-heiress to her father, Odo, the eldest son of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy. Pope Clement died on 29 November 1268.The vacancy lasted for three years, which strengthened Charles' authority in Italy, but it also deprived him of the ecclesiastic support that only a pope could provide to him. Charles returned to Lucera to personally direct its siege in April 1269. The Saracens and the Ghibellins who had escaped to the town r...

    Eighth Crusade

    Louis IX never abandoned the idea of the liberation of Jerusalem, but he decided to begin his new crusade with a military campaign against Tunis. According to his confessor, Geoffrey of Beaulieu, Louis was convinced that al-Mustansir of Tunis was ready to convert to Christianity. The 13th-century historian Saba Malaspinastated that Charles persuaded Louis to attack Tunis, because he wanted to secure the payment of the tribute that the rulers of Tunis had paid to the Sicilian monarchs until Ma...

    Attempts to expansion

    Charles accompanied Philip III as far as Viterbo in March 1271. Here they could not convince the cardinals to elect a new pope. Charles' brother, Alphonse of Poitiers, fell ill. Charles sent his best doctors to cure him, but Alphonse died. He claimed the major part of Alphonse inheritance, including the Marquisate of Provence and the County of Poitiers, because he was Alphonse's nearest kin. After Philip III refuted, he took the case to the Parlement of Paris.In 1284, the court ruled that app...

    Sicilian Vespers

    Always in need of funds, Charles could not cancel the subventio generalis, although it had been the most unpopular tax in the Regno. Instead, he granted exemptions to individuals and communities, especially to the French and Provençal colonists, which increased the burdens of those who did not enjoy such privileges. The yearly or occasionally more frequent obligatory exchange of the deniers—the coins almost exclusively used in local transactions—was also an important (and unpopular) source of...

    War with Aragon

    Peter III of Aragon's envoy, William of Castelnou, started negotiations with the rebels' leaders in Palermo. Realizing that they could not resist without foreign support, they acknowledged Peter and Constance as their king and queen. They appointed envoys to accompany Castelnou to Collo where the Aragonese fleet was assembling. After a short hesitation, Peter decided to intervene on the rebels' behalf and sailed to Sicily. He was declared king of Sicily in Palermo on 4 September. Thereafter t...


    Charles went to Brindisi and made preparations for a campaign against Sicily in the new year. He dispatched orders to his officials ordering the collection of the subventio generalis. However, he fell seriously ill before moving to Foggia on 30 December.He made his last will on 6 January 1285, making Robert II of Artois regent for his grandson, Charles Martel, who was to rule his realms until Charles of Salerno was released. He died in the morning of 7 January. He was buried in a marble sepul...

    All records show that Charles was a faithful husband and a caring father. His first wife, Beatrice of Provence, gave birth to at least six children. According to contemporaneous gossips, she persuaded Charles to claim the Regno, because she wanted to wear a crown like his sisters. Before she died in July 1267,she had willed the usufruct of Provence to Charles. The eldest daughter of Charles and Beatrice, Blanche, became the wife of Robert of Béthune in 1265, but she died four years later. Her younger sister, Isabelle, was given in marriage to the future Ladislaus IV of Hungary in 1269, but Ladislaus preferred his mistresses to her. Charles' youngest daughter, Beatrice, married Philip, the titular Latin Emperor, in 1273. Charles granted the Principality of Salerno to his eldest son and namesake in 1272. Charles the Lame (as he was called) and his wife, Maria of Hungary, had thirteen children, which secured the survival of the Capetian House of Anjou. Charles and Beatrice's next son,...

    The works of Bartholomaeus of Neocastro and Saba Malaspina strongly influenced modern views about Charles, although they were biased. The former described Charles as a tyrant to justify the Sicilian Vespers, the latter argued for the cancellation of the crusade against Aragon in 1285. Actually, Charles continued his Hohenstaufen predecessors' policies in several fields, including coinage, taxation, and the employment of unpopular officials from Amalfi. Nevertheless, the monarchy underwent a "Frenchification" or "Provençalistion" during his reign. He donated estates to about 700 noblemen from France or Provence in the Regno. He did not adopt the rich ceremonial robes, inspired by Byzantine and Islamic art, of earlier Sicilian kings, and dressed like other Western European monarchs,or rather as "a simple knight", as it was observed by Thomas Tuscus in 1267. Around 1310, Giovanni Villani stated that Charles had been the most powerful Christian monarch in the late 1270s. Luchetto Gattil...

  7. France - Wikipedia

    France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice. France, including its overseas territories, has the most time zones of any country, with a total of twelve.

  8. Francis II of France - Wikipediaçois_II

    Francis II (French: François II; 19 January 1544 – 5 December 1560) was King of France from 1559 to 1560. He was also King consort of Scotland as a result of his marriage to Mary, Queen of Scots, from 1558 until his death in 1560.

  9. Henry IV of France - Wikipedia

    Henry IV (French: Henri IV; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet Good King Henry or Henry the Great, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 and King of France from 1589 to 1610.

  10. REYLADERAeuropehistory: CAPETIAN KINGS

    May 30, 2016 · (9) Louis lX also called st.louis 1214-1270 the only king of france to be canonised..the most popular of capetian monarchs he led th 7th crusade to the holy land and died on another at Tunisia....his body was brought back to france via the alps italy lyon and cluny and crowds gathered and knelt as the procession passed...his mother blanche had watched over his education and had selected his ...

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